Festival of Assam and North East India, Buddhist Temple and Monastery of Assam, Homestay and Cottages in Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India, Sustainable Tourism in Assam

Spiritual Solace of your Mind, Body and Soul – the International Meditation Center at the Mounglang Khamti Buddhist Monastery, Mounglang, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Working in the Indian IT Industry is a tough and stressful job. The Stress quadruples if you are in the IT sales profile of an Indian MNC. This stress paves way for an important ingredient that your body keeps craving for i.e. Nicotine and Alcohol. For some people the spirits pump up in on the evenings of a Friday when you get to get to hit your favourite Pub/Bar and gulp down spirits to a level that your being in this world makes no more sense and you are filled with a high that some also tend to refer to as ‘Solace’. I was no different as I worked in this highly competitive industry as a person who was trying to make a name for himself in the society and it the eyes of my beloved parents!

I did have many friends who refrained from these deadly habits of Nicotine and Spirits (why not they worked in a happy 9 to 6 environment bearing tags of IT consultants with no stress of the daily morning sales calls) and who kept questioning me with one simple question – why do you smoke? Now trust me, no one has a bang on answer to this question! ‘Why do I smoke?!’ Well my answer was ‘It brings peace to my mind and I feel relaxed’! Lame as it may sound, but enough to get rid of the silly question put to you over and over again!

One fine day I quit my job and I started to pursue my passion – to travel and to write about the places I visit. This passion of mine transformed into a business interest and I set up my own tiny venture on tourism and handicrafts of North East India named ‘Jungleideas’. All set and done but the habit of Nicotine still refused to let out of my system and I continued to be a victim of this abuse for a while until one day I found a way of bringing peace to mind and feeling relaxed in a much better way. This was my day at the International Meditation Center at the Mounglang Khamti Buddhist Monastery.

As the saying goes ‘Whatever happens.. Happens for good’, in my quest to explore the undiscovered lands of the State of Assam, I happened to stop by at this Monastery in the remote village of Mounglang  near the Ledo-Jagun road at Ledo. This Monastery is under the able guidance of a holy man known as ‘Bhante Baba’ to the common. I had heard about this Holy man from my parents and few of my close friends many a time. The ‘Bhante Baba’ is a knowledgeable person with a tranquil personality that draws respect from all sections of people of the region. His blessed ‘stone’ is very popular and many of the people of Assam adorn this ‘stone’ as a golden ring on their fingers. This precious Stone is known to protect a person from many ailments and best for protection from accidents and many other powers. So my main purpose of this trip was to see him in person. Though I’ve been there before long time back along with my parents I was not fortunate enough to see him as he hardly use to be in the Monastery for he has to travel round the globe for the message of peace. But this time I was fortunate to meet him as he was in the Monastery premises and he decided to see me at a short notice. The calm and serene locality of this Monastery amidst the lush green Patkai Mountain Range, Green Paddy Fields, a Gushing River, Simple living & Happy people, the Sound of Silence will answer you at this moment that ‘Smoking doesn’t bring peace to your mind’, it is the bounties of mother nature and your faith in God that does!

I spent my time at the Alter in the Monastery and treading through the Monastery premises observing the artefacts that were established here more than forty years ago. After about thirty minutes ‘Bhante Baba’ stepped out of the Monastery and met me outside. He was kind enough to allow me to take a photograph of him for this blog and he wished me luck on my upcoming endeavours. After a while I left the Monastery to continue my journey to the World War II air Strip near the Monastery, the Open Cast Coal Mine Fields at Tirap Colliery and later on my journey across the Historic Stilwell Road of the World War II fame up to Jagun hoping that someday I will be visiting the Monastery again to spend a few days at the meditation here and seek Spiritual Solace.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to seek Spiritual Solace of your Mind, Body and Soul – the International Meditation Centre at the Mounglang Khamti Buddhist Monastery, Mounglang, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Festival of Assam and North East India, Buddhist Temple and Monastery of Assam, Homestay and Cottages in Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India, Sustainable Tourism in Assam
The way to the Mounglang Khamti Buddhist Monestary at Monglang near Ledo in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Festival of Assam and North East India, Buddhist Temple and Monastery of Assam, Homestay and Cottages in Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India, Sustainable Tourism in Assam
The Entrance to the International Meditation Center at the Mounglang Khamti Buddhist Monestary at Monglang near Ledo in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Festival of Assam and North East India, Buddhist Temple and Monastery of Assam, Homestay and Cottages in Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India, Sustainable Tourism in Assam
The Premises at the Mounglang Khamti Buddhist Monestary at Monglang near Ledo in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Festival of Assam and North East India, Buddhist Temple and Monastery of Assam, Homestay and Cottages in Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India, Sustainable Tourism in Assam
The Bhante Baba of the International Meditation Center at the Mounglang Khamti Buddhist Monestary at Monglang near Ledo in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Festival of Assam and North East India, Buddhist Temple and Monastery of Assam, Homestay and Cottages in Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India, Sustainable Tourism in Assam
The Pagoda at the International Meditation Center at the Mounglang Khamti Buddhist Monestary at Monglang near Ledo in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Festival of Assam and North East India, Buddhist Temple and Monastery of Assam, Homestay and Cottages in Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India, Sustainable Tourism in Assam
The Internation Meditation Center at the Mounglang Khamti Buddhist Monestary at Monglang near Ledo in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Festival of Assam and North East India, Buddhist Temple and Monastery of Assam, Homestay and Cottages in Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India, Sustainable Tourism in Assam
The premise of the International Meditation Center at the Mounglang Khamti Buddhist Monestary at Monglang near Ledo in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Assam Coal Mining, Tipong Colliery steam locomotives, Singpho Eco Lodge Margherita, Ecotourism Homestay in Assam, Tribes and Festivals of Assam and North East India
The Historic Ledo Airstrip that was used as a landing ground for Aircrafts of the Western Allies

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

IMG_20150911_110432
The Present Day Stilwell Road at Lekhapani Army Cantonment in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Coal Museum Margherita, Assam Tourism, Margherita Tourism Assam, Dibrugarh Tourism Assam, Tea Tourism Assam, Golf Tourism Assam, Steam Locomotives Tipong Colliery
Opencast Coal Mining at Tirap Colliery in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

 

Advertisements
Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam

Memoirs of the World War II – the Historic Stilwell Road, the Ledo Airstrip, the Lekhapani Railway Station and the Digboi Cemetery, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

The period of 1939 to 1945 was one of the darkest moments in the history of mankind. It was during this period the world witnessed the Second World War – a state of “total war” where the major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. This war brought down the major super powers of the period into ashes. Japan was rocked with the mighty nuclear explosion of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and it was after the Second World War that the world realized the might of the Americans!

Though many movies have narrated the incidents of the Second World War and grossed millions at the Box office and many historic sites of the War have turned into places of tourist interest earning revenue to the locals, one such historic location has failed to draw the attention of the world over and thereby gradually lost its grandeur to the passing time. Our teams visit to this land narrated in this writing will try and recreate the moments of the history that this historic place has been witness to.

The British had realized the Economic potentials of the upper Brahmaputra Valley of Assam. When Assam first came under the British rule, it possessed four great assets, land, rivers, forests and minerals, all awaiting development. The British ensured that various skills were imported into Assam to harness the natural resources of the State and they brought in skills like tea making from China and others from Britain. In 1834, the Governor General set up a committee to explore the possibility of tea growing in India. It was found that the tea plant was indigenous to Assam, a discovery followed by the importation of tea makers from China, leading, eventually to the great Tea industry of Assam. This marked the beginning of the rapid industrialization of the State. The British were successful in discovering crude oil and vast coal reserves in Assam that prompted them to establish the Asia’s first oil refinery at Digboi in Assam and introduce underground coal mining at Namdang. The timber reserves added to the national treasury and one of Asia’s oldest Plywood manufacturing facility was set up at Margherita. Although the river route provided an efficient means of transportation, the British laid the tracks for an extensive rain route to run across Assam to enable quick transportation of these Natural resources that had value equivalent to Gold during the time of rapid industrialization.

Apart from these vast natural reserves, the British in collaboration with the Allied Forces realized the boon of the Upper Brahmaputra valley during the World War II during the Japanese blockade of the Burma Road that prompted the Western Allies to build the ‘Stilwell Road’ aka the ‘Ledo Road’ so that they could supply the Chinese as an alternative to the Burma Road. Built under the able guidance of American General Vinegar Joe Stilwell with an army of 15,000 American Soldiers and 35,000 locals, this road having a stretch of over 1079 miles (from Ledo in India to Kunming in China) was completed within 2 years under the most treacherous conditions and this is what makes this road “an Epitome of an American Engineering Marvel”. Although, there was a flip side to this feat as more than 1100 American soldiers and many more locals had to lose their lives in the construction of the Western Allies march to crush the Japanese.

The Historic Lekhapani Railway Station marks the beginning of the Stilwell Road in India which is also the eastern most Railway Station in India. The Lekhapani Railway Station played a pivotal road during the movement of the Allied Armed forces during the Japanese blockade in the World War II.

Also during the World War II the state of Assam, in India’s Eastern Command, was an operational area of the Burma Campaign. Ledo, was on the lines of communication, and a military hospital was established here. Ledo airstrip was an important 2nd World War operational theatre and took an important role to aid the alliance forces in China. The runway is still visible and in good condition.

The World War II might have brought down the will of the Germans and Japanese to be the might of the World but it to be mentioned that all wars lead to destruction of devastating proportion. The World War II too led to the same fate and millions of people were killed around the world that included the soldiers of the Army who laid down their lives to bring peace to the World. The bodies of these brave soldiers were laid to rest across various cemeteries through the World and one of such is the Digboi War Cemetery that was built and is maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Located very near to the ‘Legendary Oil town of Assam’ – Digboi, this cemetery has about 200 burials mostly of British soldiers who laid their lives during World War II. And truly mentioned in one of the quotes of the cemetery – ‘These graves bear silent testimony to those soldiers, unlisted workers and labourers who ventured into Virgin jungle amid blistering heat and laid down their lives in the line of duty during the Second World War. Whilst part of all forces against the Imperial Japanese Army. THEIR NAME LIVETH FOREVER MORE

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to Witness History and Relive the Memoirs of the World War II – the Historic Stilwell Road, the Ledo Airstrip, the Lekhapani Railway Station and the Digboi Cemetery, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Namdapha National Park and Rain forest, Assam Ecotourism and Homestay, Deban tourist lodge, Stillwell Road in Assam, Dehing Patkai Festival of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India
The Historic Stilwell Road from Ledo (India) to Kunming (China)

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

IMG_20150911_110432
The Stilwell Road today at Lekhapani

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

WP_20151130_11_00_03_Pro
The Historic Ledo Airstrip that was used as a landing ground for Aircrafts of the Western Allies

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
The World War II cemetery at Digboi. Image Courtesy: Anil Paudel

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Namdapha National Park and Rain forest, Assam Ecotourism and Homestay, Deban tourist lodge, Stillwell Road in Assam, Dehing Patkai Festival of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India
The Pangsau Pass or the Hell’s Pass and Indo Mynamar Border

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Namdapha National Park and Rain forest, Assam Ecotourism and Homestay, Deban tourist lodge, Stillwell Road in Assam, Dehing Patkai Festival of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India
The Mysterious Lake of No Return at Myanmar as viewed from the Pangsau pass

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

digboi
Welcome to the Legendary Oil Town of Assam at Digboi

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
Asia’s oldest Refinery – the Digboi refinery that has the oldest operational oil well in the World. Source: wowindia

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
The North East Coal fields is one of the primary industry at Margherita and its surrounding areas

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
Welcome to the Coal Queen of Assam – Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
The Beautiful Namdang tea town near Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
The Jairampur War Cemetery that has burials of Chinese Soldiers who laid down their lives during the Burma Campaign of World War II

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Stilwell Road Second World War, Coal Mining in Margherita, Assam Tourism, World War II cemeteries, World War Hospitals India
The Entrance to the Grand 20th General Hospital at Margherita during World War II. Image Source: researchgate.net

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Namdapha National Park and Rain forest, Assam Ecotourism and Homestay, Deban tourist lodge, Stillwell Road in Assam, Dehing Patkai Festival of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India

The History of the ‘Dehing Patkai’ and the Lake of No Return, the State of Assam and the Indo-Burma Border, Incredible India!

The Dehing is one of the large southern feeders of the mighty Brahmaputra River. The river originates from the junction of the Patkai and Kumaon Bum ranges at Chaukam Pass in the east at an altitude of approximately 2432 meters with snow fall having peaks nearby. The river flows down through the dense forests and hence the water is cold especially in the upper course with rocks and boulders at the bottom.

The Patkai is mountain range that forms a major part of the Indo-Myanmar border. The lowest point in the height of the mountain range is approximately 1229 meters at the Pangsao Pass. The highest point is approximately 2780 meters at the center and the mountain range has about a dozen passes.

The whole belt of the Dehing and Patkai provides a suitable geographical and environmental setting with valuable forests, rare species of animals and birds, mineral resources like oil and coal, etc., and heavy rainfall and fertile arable land suitable for agriculture. It is one of the centuries old most favoured and widely used route during migration by the various ethnic tribes and the Mighty Rulers of Assam – the Ahoms. The historically famous Stilwell Road of World War II also passes through it via the Pangsau Pass. In the area of Dehing Patkai, live a large number of ethnic tribal socio-culturally and physically akin to South East Asia besides non-tribal from different parts of the Country. Among the tribal, the important ones are the Singphos, Tangsas, Noctes, Wanchos, Khamtis, Tai Phakes, Kacharis, Sema Nagas and other non-tribal communities like the Ahoms, Mattacks, Nepalis and so on.

The name Patkai is an abbreviated form of ‘Pat-kai-chang-kan’. It was a typical religious ceremony symbolic to a war dating back to 1401 AD. The ceremony was performed at the edge of the waters of the ‘Nangayang (‘Nang’ for lake and ‘Nyang’ for exists)’ at the foot of the southern slope of the mountain, in token of a treaty of surrender and peace ensuing a war. The War was waged by the Nara King Surupha of Mogaung (in the Shan of Myanmar and now on the Stilwell Road) against the Ahom King Sudangpha alias Bamuni Konwar (1397-1407) of Tipam which was the first capital of the first Ahom King Sukapha (1228-1268).  The actual meaning of ‘Pat-kai-chang-kan’ is ‘Pat’ – to cut, ‘Kai’ – Fowl, ‘Cheng’ – oath, ‘Kan’ – taken, that is an oath was taken by cutting or sacrificing a fowl at that place. Earlier to the event the mountain was called ‘Daikaorang’ which means ‘Dai’ – mountain, ‘Kao’ – nine, ‘Rang’ – meeting together, that is a composition of nine mountains. After the war, the Naras couldn’t hold the ground and hence accepted defeat and retreated. The ‘Borgohain’ of the Nara King informed the Assam ‘Borgohain’ that they had come to Assam on wrong information that there was no King ruling the Kingdom of Assam. They, therefore, wanted to enter into a treaty of peace and friendship with the King of Assam. On receipt of orders from the respective Kings, both the parties, washed off their hands in the waters of the Nangnyang (the Lake) and then performed the ‘Pat-kai-chang-kan’.Two effigies of both the ‘Borgohains’ were also cut on a rock nearby and placed there as a symbol. The ‘Daikaorang’ was made to be the permanent boundary between the two kingdoms. This was the history how the treaty was made and ‘Daikaorang’ came to be known as PATKAI since after.

In this context it may be said that the ‘Naugnyang (the Lake)’ lies inside Myanmar just at the southern foot of the Patkai and down below the southern foot of the Patkai and down below the southern slope of the Stilwell Road at a distance of about two kilometres from the Pangsao Pass. No one appears to have attempted to visit the lake and find out the rock of historical importance since then, probably having lost sight of it, till Mr. S.E. Peal then assistant commissioner, Jaipur (beyond Naharkatia in Assam) decided to retrieve it. Mr Peal along with his team of Assamese labourers reached the location following the upstream of the River Dehing on a boat and then the Namchik River on foot. They however couldn’t locate the rock as it must have rolled down and fell deep down into the very deep swampy mud around the lake water. It was again forgotten until the adventurous American Soldiers visited it during the World War II for reconnaissance and a few of the party met with an accidental death at the Lake thus naming it as the LAKE OF NO RETURN!

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness the History of the ‘Dehing Patkai’ and the Lake of No Return, the State of Assam and the Indo-Burma Border, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Namdapha National Park and Rain forest, Assam Ecotourism and Homestay, Deban tourist lodge, Stillwell Road in Assam, Dehing Patkai Festival of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India
The Majestic Dehing Patkai Mountain Range in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Namdapha National Park and Rain forest, Assam Ecotourism and Homestay, Deban tourist lodge, Stillwell Road in Assam, Dehing Patkai Festival of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India
The Nao Dehing River at Deban

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Namdapha National Park and Rain forest, Assam Ecotourism and Homestay, Deban tourist lodge, Stillwell Road in Assam, Dehing Patkai Festival of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India
The Calm and Serene Dehing River

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Namdapha National Park and Rain forest, Assam Ecotourism and Homestay, Deban tourist lodge, Stillwell Road in Assam, Dehing Patkai Festival of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India
The Singpho Tribes of Dehing Patkai

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Namdapha National Park and Rain forest, Assam Ecotourism and Homestay, Deban tourist lodge, Stillwell Road in Assam, Dehing Patkai Festival of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India
The Tangsa Tribes of Dehing Patkai

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Namdapha National Park and Rain forest, Assam Ecotourism and Homestay, Deban tourist lodge, Stillwell Road in Assam, Dehing Patkai Festival of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India
The Tai Phake Tribe of Dehing Patkai

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Namdapha National Park and Rain forest, Assam Ecotourism and Homestay, Deban tourist lodge, Stillwell Road in Assam, Dehing Patkai Festival of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India
Tribal Homestay and Cottages in Assam near the Dehing Patkai

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Namdapha National Park and Rain forest, Assam Ecotourism and Homestay, Deban tourist lodge, Stillwell Road in Assam, Dehing Patkai Festival of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India
The Mysterious Lake of No Return at Myanmar as viewed from the Pangsau pass

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Namdapha National Park and Rain forest, Assam Ecotourism and Homestay, Deban tourist lodge, Stillwell Road in Assam, Dehing Patkai Festival of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India
The Pangsau Pass or the Hell’s Pass and Indo Mynamar Border

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Namdapha National Park and Rain forest, Assam Ecotourism and Homestay, Deban tourist lodge, Stillwell Road in Assam, Dehing Patkai Festival of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India
The Historic Stilwell Road from Ledo (India) to Kunming (China)

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam

The Coal Queen of Assam – Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

The tinsel town of Margherita is situated on the banks of the River Dehing, a tributary of the mighty Brahmaputra and is bordered by the evergreen mystique Patkai Range towards the eastern side. Since time immemorial this region is inhabited by both tribal and non tribal community living harmoniously with their unique cultural and traditional values.

The warm hospitality of the people and their mouth watering ethnic delicacies always offer a warm welcome to an outsider. The awesome landscape of this area painted with the lush green tea gardens along the road, the hillocks, the bountiful flora and fauna, the dark green forests, the streams, enchanting blue hills, flowing rivers, the mysterious clouds that bring rain to the valley, the rich bouquet of arts and cultures of the different community will never fail to beckon tourists to this beautiful area throughout the year. This valley has resources immersed in it that can enthrall an Ecotourist. It’s a futile attempt to narrate the beauty of Margherita in short because Margherita is a nature’s Paradise and one can certainly cherish the beauty of God’s creation in this heavenly abode.

Places of interest at/near Margherita are:

  • India’s only coal Museum at Margherita
  • The Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Heritage Park at Margherita
  • The Singpho Eco Tourist Lodge at Inthong Village
  • The Tea Gardens and Tea Factories at Margherita
  • The Legendary Oil town of Assam and Asia’s oldest Refinery at Digboi
  • The Stilwell Road at Ledo
  • Opencast Coal Mining at Tirap Colliery
  • Oldest operational Steam Locomotives at Tipong Colliery
  • The War Cemeteries of World War II at Digboi and Jairampur
  • The Ledo Airstrip Landing ground of World War II at Ledo
  • Indian Railway’s final frontier at Lekhapani
  • The Tribal Villages for ethnic cuisine and exclusive handicrafts and handlooms
  • The Lake of no Return at Jairampur
  • The Pansau Pass or the Hells Pass at Indo Myanmar Border
  • The Dibru Saikhowa National Park at Tinsukia
  • The Namdapha National Park at Arunachal Pradesh

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to visit the Coal Queen of Assam – Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
Welcome to the Coal Queen of Assam – Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
The North East Coal fields is one of the primary industry at Margherita and its surrounding areas

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
The John Steam Locomotive by W G Bagnall Stafford at India’s only coal museum at Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
The Steam Locomotives at Tipong Colliery near Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
The World War II cemetery at Digboi. Image Courtesy: Anil Paudel

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
The Bhupen Hazarika Memorial Park at Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
Asia’s oldest Refinery – the Digboi refinery that has the oldest operational oil well in the World. Source: wowindia

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
Established in 1925 by the British, the India Club at Margherita is one of the historical buildings at Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
The Third Largest National Park of India – the Namdapha National Park at Arunachal Pradesh

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
Ferral Horses at Dibru Saikhowa National Park near Margherita. Image Courtesy: Rajib Saikia

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
The beautiful view of the Countryside near Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
The calm and serene Buddhist Monasteries near Margherita fill your heart with solace

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
The beautiful Namdang tea town near Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
The Namdang Bibi Mazhar where its believed that a persons wishes are granted true

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
The Eco Tourism Singpho Eco lodge at Inthong Village

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
The Historic Lekhapani Railway Station that played pivotal role in the Allied Forces march to victory in the World War II

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

Assam Eco tourism homestay and Cottages, Ecotourism in North East India, Tour of Tribes in North East India, Tribes and Festivals of Assam
The Historic Stilwell Road from Ledo (India) to Kunming (China) on which the Allied Forces marched to victory over the Japanese in the World War II

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Upper Assam – Digboi & Margherita

India’s Bermuda Triangle – ‘the Lake of No Return’ at Pangsau Pass, the Border of India-Myanmar, Incredible India

The mystery of the Bermuda Triangle has been of fascination to me always. I always had an intention at the back of my mind that one day I will be able to visit this place and experience this mystery first hand. But as per God’s will, I never had an opportunity to visit the Bermuda Triangle. But as people say, when God closes the path to an opportunity he always opens up a path to another. This is exactly what happened to me. I came to know about another same phenomenon that had occurred in my country and believe it or not very close to my home town at Margherita. This place, ladies and gentlemen is the infamous Bermuda Triangle of India aka the Lake of no Return!

This water body is situated on the border of India and Myanmar in the area of the Pansau Pass aka ‘the Hell Pass’ and south west of the Stilwell Road. Home to the Tangsa tribe the lake has come to play a part in the development of tourism in the nearby Indian Changlang District, which borders on Burma.

The legends of this lake are elaborated in bullets as below:

  • the name ‘Lake of no Return’ is due to the number of Allied aircraft (on their approach to The Hump) crashlanded in the lake during World War II as the pilots thought this would be a soft landing spot for the aircrafts. The American called this as ‘Lake of no Return’ on account of all the crashed planes concealed in its depths

  • the second legend states that during the World War II many Japanese soldiers while on their return got lost and ended up near this lake. They got struck and died of malaria and hence the name ‘the Lake of no Return’

  • It is also said that an army of British troops got stuck in the quicksand and later perished at this lake and hence the name ‘Lake of no Return’.

The locals have also spoken of stories that a monster lies concealed in the lake waters. They have also heard of voices crying in the night and during a full moon night a hand comes out of the lake and calls out to someone.

Chilling, but never the less we can’t actually believe until we experience any one of the above the reasons for this lake to be named as the ‘Lake of no Return.’

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to visit India’s Bermuda Triangle – ‘the Lake of No Return’ at the Pangsau Pass, the Border of India-Myanmar, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
The Pansau pass at Republic of the Union of Mynamar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
The Lake of No Return as viewed from the Pangsau pass market at Myanmar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
At the Pansaung View Point at Myanmar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
The Jairampur War Cemetery that has burials of Chinese Soldiers who laid down their lives during the Burma Campaign of World War II

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
Local savouries along with Beer served at the Local market in Pangsau Pass in Myanmar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
The Locals of Myanmar ferry tourists to the Pangsau Pass market on mountain terrain bikes

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
Welcome to the Pangsau Pass

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
The View of the Lake of No Return from atop the hills of Myanmar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
The newly constructed market at the Pangsau pass

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
The Pangsau Pass market

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
Welcome to the Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

India’s only Coal Museum at Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

The State of Assam has been bestowed with a vast reserve of Fossil Fuels. Assam has huge hydrocarbon potential, large quantities of low ash coal resources, limestone and dolomite deposits as well as a few other unexplored minerals in addition to a wide forest covers and abundant rivers.  Coal mining is an important source of livelihood for the people in the state and the largest coal producing company in the world Coal India Ltd. has its operations in the state of Assam under its subsidiary North Eastern Coal Fields Ltd. (NECF).

Situated very close to the office of the General Manger of Coal India Ltd. at Margherita in Assam is India’s only Coal Museum. The brain child of the Ex. Chief General Manager of NECF Mr. A. K. Bora a coal mining professional and a war history enthusiast (he has never missed to watch any movie/documentary on the World Wars I & II), this museum of International standard was inaugurated on 29th October, 2012 and is opening for public viewing.

The coal museum contains Relics of the likes of the locomotives manufactured by W G Bagnall, Stafford, England (John, Hassng, David and Shelly), Memoirs of World War II (rare pictures of construction of Stilwell Road, Pangsau Pass and Ledo airstrip, empty shells of bombs used in WW II), the history of the Assam Railways & Trading Co. Ltd (AR &T Co. Ltd.), a rare collection of stamps from over the world, vintage Cyclostyle machines, etc.

The main attraction of the museum is the practice of coal mining depicted in the form of real time models, a demo structure of an underground coal mine, necessities to be carried to the underground mines by the workmen like underground coal mining boots, cap lamps, shovels and other tools of mining, vintage underground telephones, etc. The museum depicts the history of coal mining at Namdang in Assam.  It also contains actual models of transformers, haulages and Circuit breakers manufactured by Crompton Parkinson and Manchester & Scheffield, England.

This museum is must to see place for people in the coal mining industry and history enthusiasts. Post you visit to the museum you can savor a sumptuous meal of traditional cuisine at the Singpho Villa Restaurant at New Colony, Margherita and experience open cast coal mining at Tirap Colliery.

 Onward Destinations:

  • Faneng Eco tourism homestay

  • Mishing Village homestay

  • World War II cemetery

  • Lake of no Return

  • Railway’s last Frontier at Lekhapani

  • Dehing Patkai Festival in the month of February

  • Miao Tibetian Settlement and Carpet Factory

  • The Namdapha National Park

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to visit India’s only Coal Museum at Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Coal Museum in India, Oil town of Assam, singpho Eco lodge, Faneng Eco tourist village
Only Coal Museum in India at Margherita, Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Digboi oldest refinery, Dehing Patkai festival in assam, Eco tourism in assam
Entrance to Coal museum in India

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

British India Coal mining, Assam tea british rule, Coal mining in India, Underground coal mining
Transformers from England

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Underground Coal mining equipments, india coal museum, eco tourism in assam
Coal mining equipments

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

coal museum in India, Faneng Eco village, assam tourism, oil museum digboi
Rare Typewriters & Cyclo Stat Machines

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

General Vinegar Joe Stilwell, Digboi, War Cemetry, Margherita, Kaziranga National Park, Nameri
Stilwell at kitchen

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Cap Lamps, vintage lights, W G Bagnall Stafford, oil museum digboi
Traditional Cap lamps used in Underground mining

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

coal museum india, oil town digboi, dehing patkai festival, singpho eco lodge
Display Tools

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Underground mining, coal mining, oil museum digboi
Underground Telephones

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

stamps germany, stamps afghanistan, coal museum india, oil museum digboi
Vintage stamp collection

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

steam locomotives india, W G Bagnall stafford, John steam locomotive, david steam locomotive, indian railway steam engines
The John Steam Locomotive Built in early 1900’s by W G Bagnell, Stafford, England

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Coal Museum India, Margherita Coal Museum, Digboi Oil Museum Assam
Coal Museum Hassang Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Coal Museum India, Margherita Coal Museum, Digboi Oil Museum Assam
Coal Museum Shelly Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Coal Museum India, Margherita Coal Museum, Digboi Oil Museum Assam
Coal Museum Coal Block Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Coal Museum India, Margherita Coal Museum, Digboi Oil Museum Assam
Coal Museum Coal Miner Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Coal Museum India, Margherita Coal Museum, Digboi Oil Museum Assam
Coal Museum Industry Runs on Many Wheels Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Coal Museum India, Margherita Coal Museum, Digboi Oil Museum Assam
Coal Museum Ledo Brick Work Equipments Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Coal Museum India, Margherita Coal Museum, Digboi Cemetery, World War
Rare documents from World War II era kept at the Coal Museum in Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Coal Museum India, Margherita Coal Museum, Digboi Cemetery, World War
Rare documents from World War II era kept at the Coal Museum in Margherita

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Stilwell Road, Namdapha National Park, Assam Tourism, Ledo Road, World War II

Stilwell Road – Ledo (India) to Kunming (China) – the Epitome of an American Engineering Marvel !! the States of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, Incredible India!

The Stilwell Road aka the Ledo Road was built during World War II by an army of 15,000 American soldiers and 35,000 locals under the expert supervision of General Vinegar Joe Stilwell.

The road stretches from Ledo in Assam across 1079 miles to Kunming in China. The construction of this mammoth project was estimated to be around USD 150 million and the road was used by the Western Allies to supply to the Chinese when the Japanese Army had cut the Burma road. By occupying Burma, the Japanese had not only gained access to the vast resources of teak and rubber, but they had closed the Burma Road, 700 miles of dirt highway that represented China’s last overland link with the outside world. The reopening of an overland route to China would be the major American goal, indeed obsession, in the theater throughout the campaign especially after the defeat at Pearl Harbor that enabled the Imperial Japanese Army to extend their empire from Wake Island in the Pacific to Malaya and Singapore in South East Asia.

Here, the Allies would face one of the most inhospitable areas for military operations in the world. For the Americans, the theater not only covered a vast area, but it was also the end of a 12,000 mile supply line. The areas where the Allies would campaign was characterized by extremely rugged terrain with few roads and other communications, conditions which would favor the defense and reduce the Allies’ advantage in numbers. Northern and central Burma, where they would conduct the bulk of their operations, had steep, densely wooded mountain ranges cut by streams. The Allies would need to scale precipitous ranges along the border to reach one of Burma’s three great river valleys – the Chidwin, the Irrawaddy, or the Salween – in order to move south into the heart of Burma. They could also expect their advance to be slowed by monsoon, near-constant rains which would last for two to three months, anytime after April. Leeches, flies, ticks, and other insects, along with diseases as malaria, dysentery, and typhus, added to the soldier’s miseries. Keeping in mind all these the Americans resolved to go ahead with the task of constructing this mammoth project and the construction started in December 1942 across the dense terrain of the Patkai range through the Pangsau Pass aka “the Hell Pass (for the difficulty of the terrain)” into Shingbwiyang in Burma. The terrain was outrageous as it rose high upto 4,500 feet (1400m) along with steep gradients, hairpin curves and drops upto 200 feet (60 m).

Although the British Engineers had initially surveyed the route for a road (first 80 miles) the credit of building the Stilwell Road (Ledo Road) goes to General Stilwell which was under the American NAC operation. This road was to complement the airlift operations to China over the Eastern end of the Himalayan Mountains aka “the Hump”. American Engineers in late 1942 began to construct a road  meant to restore China’s land communication with the outside world. It was the Americans, more than any of the other Allies, who wanted to open the road to China, and they pushed the enterprise the hardest. Taking over the project from the British in October 1942, they began construction from Ledo in December with the goal of arriving at the Burmese city of Shingbwiyang, 103 miles from Ledo by June, 1943.

General Stilwell and his army of men completed the stretch of 1079 miles (1736 km) within 2 years under the most treacherous conditions and this is what makes this road “an Epitome of an American Engineering Marvel”. And this was done more than 70 years ago ago when the world didn’t have the expertise of today’s technology.

Although, there was a flip side to this feat as more than 1100 American soldiers and many more locals had to lose their lives in the construction of the Western Allies march to crush the Japanese.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to relive the memories of the Second World War at the Stilwell Road – Ledo (India) to Kunming (China) – the Epitome of an American Engineering Marvel, the States of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Historic Stilwell Road at Ledo, Ecotourism in Assam, World War II memoirs in Ledo, Second World War Cemetery Digboi, History of Coal Mining at Makum, Tirap Colliery, Tipong Colliery Caol Mining History
General Vinegar Joe Stilwell at the Kitchen during the Construction of the Stilwell Road

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Historic Stilwell Road at Ledo, Ecotourism in Assam, World War II memoirs in Ledo, Second World War Cemetery Digboi, History of Coal Mining at Makum, Tirap Colliery, Tipong Colliery Caol Mining History
Soldiers waving Good Luck to the Troops on Trucks plying on the Stilwell Road during Second World War in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Historic Stilwell Road at Ledo, Ecotourism in Assam, World War II memoirs in Ledo, Second World War Cemetery Digboi, History of Coal Mining at Makum, Tirap Colliery, Tipong Colliery Caol Mining History
The Historic Lekhapani Railway Station on the Stilwell Road at Lekhapani Army Cantonment in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

IMG_20150911_110432
The Present Day Stilwell Road at Lekhapani Army Cantonment in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Stilwell Road, American Engineering Marvels, Steam Locomotives, coal museum india
General Vinegar Joe Stilwell at the War Field during World War II

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

coal museum in India, Stilwell road in Assam, Pangsau pass visit, the Lake of no return in India
Troops travelling along the Stilwell Road

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Indian Coal Mining, Ledo Road in Assam, Kunming china, the national park namdapha
Stilwell Road Board at Ledo in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

War Cemetery Digboi, Stilwell Road Ledo to China, World War II ~ the Burma Campaign Assam, World War II ~ the Burma Campaign North East India, Assam Ecotourism, Coal Mining at Makum Coalfields
The 20th General Hospital ~ One of the Grade A hospitals of the American Army built at Margherita to treat the wounded soldiers of the Burma Campaign of the World War II

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

War Cemetery Digboi, Stilwell Road Ledo to China, World War II ~ the Burma Campaign Assam, World War II ~ the Burma Campaign North East India, Assam Ecotourism, Coal Mining at Makum Coalfields
The Burials of brave soldiers who died at the World War II at Digboi War Cemtery in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

War Cemetery Digboi, Stilwell Road Ledo to China, World War II ~ the Burma Campaign Assam, World War II ~ the Burma Campaign North East India, Assam Ecotourism, Coal Mining at Makum Coalfields
The Burials of Brave Soldiers at the Guwahati War Cemetery in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

War Cemetery Digboi, Stilwell Road Ledo to China, World War II ~ the Burma Campaign Assam, World War II ~ the Burma Campaign North East India, Assam Ecotourism, Coal Mining at Makum Coalfields
Burials of brave soldiers at the Guwahati War Cemetery who died during the construction of Stilwell Road at the World War II ~ Burma Campaign

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

stilwell road
The Majestic Stilwell Road at Arunachal Pradesh

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
The historic Stilwell Road built during World War II by the American Army under the able guidance of General Vinegar Joe Stilwell

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
Welcome to the Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
The Pansau pass at the border of India and the Republic of the Union of Mynamar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
The Jairampur War Cemetery that has burials of Chinese Soldiers who laid down their lives during the Burma Campaign of World War II

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
The Lake of No Return as viewed from the Pangsau pass market at Myanmar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II