The State of Assam in India has been bestowed with a vast reserve of Fossil Fuels. Assam has huge hydrocarbon potential, large quantities of low ash coal resources, limestone and dolomite deposits as well as a few other unexplored minerals in addition to a wide forest covers and abundant rivers. Coal mining is an important source of livelihood for the people in the state and the largest coal producing company in the world Coal India Ltd. has its operations in the state of Assam under its subsidiary North Eastern Coal Fields Ltd. (NECF).
Situated very close to the office of the General Manger of Coal India Ltd. at Margherita in Assam is India’s only Coal Museum. The brain child of the Ex. Chief General Manager of NECF Mr. A. K. Bora a coal mining professional and a war history enthusiast (he has never missed to watch any movie/documentary on the World Wars I & II), this museum of International standard was inaugurated on 29th October, 2012 and is opening for public viewing.
The Prime attraction of this museum are the century old Steam Locomotives. The State of Assam was once a British colony famous for coal mining at Makum Coalfields (now called Margherita). These steam locomotives were deployed at these mining sites for transportation of coal. The Engines deployed here were built during the late 1800s and early 1900’s by renowned locomotive manufacturer from Stafford, England W. G. Bagnall. The likes of the locomotives included JOHN (1924), SHELLY (1930), HASSANG (1897), DAVID and 796. Though these magnificent British marvels were built more than a 100 years ago, some of them are still operational at the Tipong Colliery while the others have been put up on public display at India’s only Coal Museum at Margherita in Assam.
The 796 Steam Locomotive standing with its Grace at Tipong Colliery
Our Tourist Standing for a perfect picture with the DAVID steam locomotive at Tipong Colliery
The SHELLY Steam Locomotive at Coal Museum in India
The JOHN steam locomotive at Coal Museum at Margherita
The HASSANG Steam Locomotive at Coal Museum in India
The Portrait of the DAVID Steam locomotive gifted by a Japanese Tourist at the Coal Museum at Margherita
Another important attraction of the museum is the practice of coal mining depicted in the form of real time models, a demo structure of an underground coal mine, necessities to be carried to the underground mines by the workmen like underground coal mining boots, cap lamps, shovels and other tools of mining, vintage underground telephones, etc. The museum depicts the history of coal mining at Namdang in Assam. It also contains actual models of transformers, haulages and Circuit breakers manufactured by Crompton Parkinson and Manchester & Scheffield, England.
Industry Runs on Many Wheels and Coal is the Prime Mover Depiction
Centenery Industrial Boring Machine
Dehing Underground Display Coal Mine
Coal Mining Practice Equipments
Cap Lamps used in Underground Coal Mining
Coal Mine Tunnel at the Dehing Coal Mine
Equipments for Coal Mining at Coal Museum
Haulages used in Underground Coal Minings on display
Other important attractions here at the Coal Museum are the Memoirs of World War II (rare pictures of construction of Stilwell Road, Pangsau Pass and Ledo airstrip, empty shells of bombs used in WW II), the history of the Assam Railways & Trading Co. Ltd (AR &T Co. Ltd.), a rare collection of stamps from over the world, vintage Cyclostyle machines, etc.
American Army Trucks plying on the Stilwell Road
American Troops wave out Luck to the Soldiers travelling to China on the Stilwell Road
Collection of Rare Stamps at the Coal Musuem
General Vinegar Joe Stilwell at the Battle Field
Legacy Type Writers
Querry Operations by the Assam Railways and Trading Company
Stilwell at kitchen
The Stilwell Road that played a major role in the March of the Allied Forces victory over the Japanese
This museum is must to see place for people in the coal mining industry and history enthusiasts. Post you visit to the museum you can savor a sumptuous meal of traditional cuisine at the Singpho Villa Restaurant at Singpho Ecotourism Lodge at Margherita and experience open cast coal mining at Tirap Colliery.
The Singpho Ecotourism Lodge at Margherita serves exotic delicacies of local Singpho Tribal Cuisine and gives you a chance to witness Singpho Tribal Culture and Traditions
Opencast Coal Mining at Tirap Colliery in Assam
The Open Cast Mining Equipments at Tirap Colliery
Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness the first hand experience of the”British Marvels” Steam Locomotives and India’s only Coal Museum – Tipong Colliery & Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!
The State of Assam is the central state in the North-East Region of India and serves as the gateway to North East India and is a jewel in the crown of the Seven Sister States. The land of red river, blue hills & lush green tea gardens, Assam comprises of three main geographical areas: the Brahmaputra Valley, the Barak Valley and the intervening Karbi Plateau and North Cachar Hills. Famous for its freshening world class tea, the Muga (Golden) and Eri (Ahimsa) silk, Natural resources like Coal, Petroleum products and minerals, Assam can truly be described as a state bestowed with breathtaking natural beauty, vast reserves of natural resources and a rich bio diversity.
But for some reasons this State had been ignored by the Republic of India as has been the other States of North East India since India’s Independence. Lack of Industries, jobs for the youth, no proper infrastructure and many other reasons have not allowed this State to be able to compete with the other developed States of India. But with recent movements of neighboring countries along the International borders near the State of Arunachal Pradesh has changed the attitude of the Government in India and major initiatives have been taken up to improve the Infrastructure of the State to facilitate the movement of people along the States of North East India and the troops of the Indian Military along the International Borders.
One example of this initiative to improve the Infrastructure in North East India is the ‘Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge’ aka ‘Dhola-Sadiya’ Bridge on the River Brahmaputra. About an hours drive by road from the commercial capital of Assam at Tinsukia will lead you to a small town of Dholla in the extreme North Eastern part of India. This is where a bridge of Strategic National Security Interest – the ‘Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge’ aka the ‘Dhola-Sadiya’ bridge is located. Scheduled to be operational on May 26th 2017 (to be inaugurated by the Hon. Prime Minister of India Mr. Narendra Modi) this bridge will connect the State of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh cutting down the travel time across these States by four (4) hours. Standing tall and long at 9.15 kilometers (5.69 miles) in length this bridge will also help the people of Assam and Arunchal Pradesh to move freely across the mighty River Brahmaputra thereby leading to a gradual improvement of a much needed trade route. The Sadiya Ghat (Sadiya Port) as the locals call it, at present serves as the only means of communication across these States where Steamers ferry passengers and transport across the River Brahmaputra. The Brahmaputra known for its peril of causing immense destruction across the State of Assam by flooding its waters during monsoon brings this transport means to a complete halt thereby depriving people of getting access to their basic amnesties during the rainy season. This bridge will prove as a savior to all and bring back the State of Assam as well as the other States of North East India on the Indian map as a place of prime National Interest!
Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness the Grandeur of the Longest Bridge in India – the ‘Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge’ aka the ‘Dhola-Sadiya Bridge ‘ on the River Brahmaputra, Sadiya Ghat, the State of Assam, Incredible India!
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The Singphos are an important tribe inhabiting the North East residing in the Tinsukia district of Assam and Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh. The Singphos are divided into four major groups namely Numhpuk Hkawng, Diyun Hkawng, Tieng Hkawng and Turung Hkawng. ‘Hkawng’ means an area and each of these groups is named after a local river. The word ‘Singpho’ literally means ‘man’ and is derived from the Tibetian term ‘sin-po’ which means man of shrewed.
The Singpho’s are mostly an agrarian community and their economy is focussed on cultivation of Paddy, tea and kitchen gardens. They are a culturally rich community with Shapawng Yawng Manau Poi being the major festival celebrated by the Singphos. During this festival the Singpho youths in their traditional wardrobe display colourful dances and the community displays a wide variety of traditional cuisines and liqour.
With eagerness of spreading knowledge of their culture around the world a group of Singho youths formed the Singpho Community based Ecotourism socitey (SCES) in 2006. With an aim to showcase the culture of their community while preserving it too they built the Singpho Ecolodge at Inthong village 7 kilometers from Margherita under Dehing Patkai belt of Tinsukia district in Assam. A long driveway through tea bushes lead to the thatched building built along the lines of a traditional Singpho house on the slits. This lodge has eleven spacious double bedrooms, one seperate kitchen, on large dining hall which follows a low seating pattern where guests are served an elaborate, yet organic and eco-friendly Singpho dinner that consists of delicacies such as rice steamed in bamboo sticks, spicy tomato chutney, fresh eggplant, greens and potato preparations and yam soup.
Very close to this place is the Buddhist monastery in the village established in the year 1891. This place of worship has retained its rustic touch. Any visitor to this spot will instantly feel the solace that is so typical of the village. A walk along the village road that will unfold the way of living of the Singpho community is enough to lift the depressed soul.
Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to visit the Singpho Tribe and witness Ecotourism at the Singpho Eco Lodge at Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!