Namdapha National Park and Rain forest, Assam Ecotourism and Homestay, Deban tourist lodge, Stillwell Road in Assam, Dehing Patkai Festival of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India

Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Tai Khamyang Tribes, Tinsukia District, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

North East India is home to over 200 tribes. Each tribal community have their own distinct culture and traditions. They speak different languages, have different religious practices, wear clothes with distinct patterns and also have different ways of celebrating. These celebrations form a part of their festivals where these communities performs colorful dances, showcase their traditional cuisines and source of livelihood like their agrarian practices and their handlooms and handicrafts.

Across a majority of the tribes of north east India one can find a close resemblance with the communities of South East India. One such tribal community of Assam are the Tai Khamyang tribes. Known to have migrated to Assam from the Kachin State in Myanmar the Tai Khamyang people derive their name from the Tai word ‘Khamyag’ meaning ‘people having gold'(‘kham’ meaning ‘gold’ and ‘yang’ meaning ‘to have’). Many Khamyangs have also historically used ‘Shyam’ as a surname, which is a cognate with ‘Siam’, the old word for Thailand.

The Tai-Khamyangs, represent a brethren of Great Tai/Thai family of South East Asia. They are numerically tribal group found in Tinsukia, Jorhat, Sivasagar and Golaghat districts of Assam as well as adjacent parts of Arunachal Pradesh. Their population totals about 7,000 of which only a small minority speak the native Tai Khamyang language. The Khamyang are followers of Theravada Buddhism and are closely related to the Tai-Khamti. They maintain good relations with other Tai Buddhist tribes of Assam.

The Tai Khamyangs, in the Patkai Mountain Range, got divided into two groups namely the Maan Nam or Pani Nora (Low Land Nora) and Maan Loi or Dum Nora (Upper land Nora). These settlements lies near the great lake ‘The Lake Of No Return – India’s Bermuda Triangle’. In the mid eighteenth century, due to the critical surrounding for the presence of couple of Cobras in the lake and problems faced from the Kachins, the Tai-Khamyangs crossed over the Patkai hill and settled in a fertile valley of Arunachal Pradesh. It is said that they constructed a pagoda which is still present near the ‘Lake of no return’.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East and be a part in Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Tai Khamyang Tribe, Tinsukia District, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

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Traditions of Tribes of Assam and North East India, Ahom Tribe of Assam, The Chok Long Ahom Marriage custom, Ecotourism in Assam, Assam Cottage Homestays, Indigenous Traditional Festivals of Assam

Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Tai Ahom Tribes, Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

North East India is home to over 200 tribes. Each tribal community have their own distinct culture and traditions. They speak different languages, have different religious practices, wear clothes with distinct patterns and also have different ways of celebrating. These celebrations form a part of their festivals where these communities performs colorful dances, showcase their traditional cuisines and source of livelihood like their agrarian practices and their handlooms and handicrafts.

The Tai Ahom Tribal people are the descendants of the mighty Ahom Dynasty who ruled the kingdom of Assam for more than 600 years. Believed to have migrated from the Yunnan Province in Myanmar as early as in the early 1300’s ,  the Ahoms are the descendants of the ethnic Tai people that accompanied the Tai Prince ‘Sukaphaa’ into the Brahmaputra valley in 1228 and ruled the area for six centuries. Sukaphaa and his followers established the Ahom kingdom (1228–1826) and the Ahom dynasty ruled and expanded the kingdom until the British gained control of the region. The Ahom Kings were among the bravest rulers in the History of India. Although not spread across many books of History, but the Ahom Kingdom was the most feared dynasty in the eyes of the Mughal Kingdom who failed to defeat the Ahoms across many battles of history. One prominent name of the Tai Ahom kingdom whose name is mentioned across all the books of history in the State is of ‘Lachit Borphukan’ – the brave General of the Ahom Army who put forward his duties to his motherland before anything else. It is known that he beheaded his own Uncle for showing negligence towards his duties to his Motherland!

In the present day the Ahoms are found mostly in Upper Assam districts of Golaghat, Jorhat, Sibsagar, Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, Lakhimpur, Dhemaji. Tai Ahoms are also found in large numbers in Lohit District of Arunachal Pradesh. The Ahoms of present day form a part of the modern community of Assam and hold key positions across major Government organizations and business holdings. Their traditional practices of Ahom tribal community are still followed in certain distant villages of the Tinsukia district in Assam. One such practice is that of ‘Divination’ where the Ahoms still apply the method of ‘Geomancy’ i.e. casting of auguries with the aid of chicken’s thigh bone together with the hyoid apparatus (lin-kaii) of the fowl.

This practice is better known as the ‘Do-Kai’ (examination of the chicken’s bone). For this purpose, the Oracle thigh bone is prepared for the augury chicken (Kai-seng-moung) by killing it with a method call ‘Tham-kai’ (killing the chicken by casting a powerful spell). A pair of chicken bone of the same breed is chosen. The pair of divination fowl is then boiled and the thigh bones are cleared of the flesh. Small bamboo sticks are introduced in the holes of the oracle thigh bone. Then comparing the geometrical figures thus formed with those of the drawings of the astrological treatise called ‘Ban-seng’ predictions are made. ‘Ban-seng’ is actually making an appointment or fixing a date of religious function. Such religious practice of the Ahom community can be observed at the festival of ‘Me-Dam-Me-Phi’celebrated every year on January 31st, which is also a religious practice to show respect to the departed ancestors and remember their contribution to society.

Another celebration of noteworthy importance of the Ahom community is their practice of Marriage known as ‘Sok Long’, where marriages vows are taken across a hundred burning oil lamps and the bridegroom promises to keep his bride safe and happy throughout their life by holding a sword and swearing by the fire of the oil lamps!

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East and be a part in Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Tai Ahom Tribe, Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditions of Tribes of Assam and North East India, Ahom Tribe of Assam, The Chok Long Ahom Marriage custom, Ecotourism in Assam, Assam Cottage Homestays, Indigenous Traditional Festivals of Assam
The Traditional Religious festivals of the Ahom Tribe of Tinsukia district in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditions of Tribes of Assam and North East India, Ahom Tribe of Assam, The Chok Long Ahom Marriage custom, Ecotourism in Assam, Assam Cottage Homestays, Indigenous Traditional Festivals of Assam
The Do-Kai practice of the Ahom Tribe of Assam wher e Ban-Seng or predictions are made using the bones of chicken fowl

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditions of Tribes of Assam and North East India, Ahom Tribe of Assam, The Chok Long Ahom Marriage custom, Ecotourism in Assam, Assam Cottage Homestays, Indigenous Traditional Festivals of Assam
The Me-Dam-Me-Phi religious festival of the Ahom Tribe where the Ahom people remember their ancestors as a mark of gratitude for their contributions to the Society

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditions of Tribes of Assam and North East India, Ahom Tribe of Assam, The Chok Long Ahom Marriage custom, Ecotourism in Assam, Assam Cottage Homestays, Indigenous Traditional Festivals of Assam
The Ahom ‘Sok Long’ wedding ceremony where the Bride and the Groom take vows in front of the beautifully decorated array of Oil lamps to live together forever

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditions of Tribes of Assam and North East India, Ahom Tribe of Assam, The Chok Long Ahom Marriage custom, Ecotourism in Assam, Assam Cottage Homestays, Indigenous Traditional Festivals of Assam
The Head Priests of the Ahom Community – the ‘Bailungs’ who preside and organize the Ahom ‘Sok Long’ weddings across the State of Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditions of Tribes of Assam and North East India, Ahom Tribe of Assam, The Chok Long Ahom Marriage custom, Ecotourism in Assam, Assam Cottage Homestays, Indigenous Traditional Festivals of Assam
The end of the Ahom ‘Sok Long’ marriage ceremony is solemnized when the Groom has to hold a Sword and take his final vows to protect his bride across his life

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Ahom Tribe Assam, Ahom Kingdom Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Me Dam Me Phi Festival
The Religious ceremony at the Me Dam Me Phi Festival in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Ahom Tribe Assam, Ahom Kingdom Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Me Dam Me Phi Festival
The Religious Ceremony of Me Dam Me Phi where 101 Oil Lamps are burnt to begin the festival

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Ahom Tribe Assam, Ahom Kingdom Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Me Dam Me Phi Festival
The Local Ahom Tribal people of Margherita preparing meat for the festivity of Me Dam Me Phi at Margherita in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Ahom Tribe Assam, Ahom Kingdom Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Me Dam Me Phi Festival
Religious Ceremmony being arranged to mark the festival of Me Dam Me Phi at Margherita in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Ahom Tribe Assam, Ahom Kingdom Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Me Dam Me Phi Festival
The Priests performing the rituals to begin the celebrations of Me Dam Me Phi at Margherita in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Ahom Tribe Assam, Ahom Kingdom Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Me Dam Me Phi Festival
Religious Ceremony during the Me Dam Me Phi Festival of the Ahom tribes at Margherita in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Me Dam Me Phi, Ahom Tribe Assam, Awesome Assam Tourism
Ma Dem Me Phi ~ Jorhat ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Me Dam Me Phi, Ahom Tribe Assam, Awesome Assam Tourism
Ahom Tribes Paying Tribute to their ancestors on the occasion of the Ma Dem Me Phi ~ Jorhat ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Me Dam Me Phi, Ahom Tribe Assam, Awesome Assam Tourism
Ahom Tribe of Assam Paying Tribute to their ancestors on the occasion of the Ma Dem Me Phi ~ Jorhat ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Sonowal Kachari Tribes, Tinsukia District, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

North East India is home to over 200 tribes. Each tribal community have their own distinct culture and traditions. They speak different languages, have different religious practices, wear clothes with distinct patterns and also have different ways of celebrating. These celebrations form a part of their festivals where these communities performs colorful dances, showcase their traditional cuisines and source of livelihood like their agrarian practices and their handlooms and handicrafts.

It was during the reign of the Mighty Ahom Dynasty that the kingdom of Assam started flourishing and the knowledge of the wealth of Assam spread far across the world. During the reign of the Ahom king his Majesty Godadhar Singha, a certain population of his subjects were engaged in washing gold particles from the sands of rivers of the Assam. These people in due course of time came to be known across the State as ‘Sonowals’ (Gold washers). The term ‘Sonowal’ was added to their name to their name to signify them. Also, according to an another anecdote, the ‘Kacharis’ of upper Assam who became the disciple of ‘Gossian’ (a religious head) named ‘Kechaideo’ were considered to have super-natural power of offering a certain quantity of gold in a bamboo tube and hence these people came to be known as ‘Sonowal Kacharis’.

The Sonowal Kacharis today, are one of the indigenous ethnic group of the North East part of India. They form a branch of great Bodo-Kacharis, a major tribal community in Assam, and are also found in other states of Northeast India. They are predominantly inhabitants of the Dhemaji, Lakhimpur, Tinisukia and Dibrugarh districts of Assam. They are also scattered in the districts of Sibsagar, Jorhat, Golaghat and in the States of Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh.

One distinguishing factor of the Sonowal kachari Tribes is their knowledge about medicinal herbs. The Sonowal Kacharis are strong believers in traditional herbal medicine and do not advocate alternative forms of medicine such as allopathic, homeopathic and ayurvedic medicines. Through generations of testing herbs and plants, the knowledge of herbs and plants in their medicinal properties are established and passed down from generation to generation. Knowledge on effective medicines acquired by the tribal people through experience is usually passed on orally as a guarded secret of certain families. The Sonowal Kacharis believe that the secret of medicinal herbs and plants boils down to the knowledge withheld and passed down from their forefathers. As such, the secret of medicines are kept to retain the efficacy of these plants and herbs. Among the Sonowal Kacharis, there are a few herbal specialists or medicine-men, who are called ‘Bez’. The bez have a wide knowledge of the available herbs and their various medicinal use, and most of them are the elders of the community, as the younger generation of today are less interested in being such specialists.

The following of traditional practices are common across all households the Sonowal Kachari Tribes of Assam. As per their Mythological beliefs, the Sonowal Kachari believe that they were the descendants of great Bhaskar Varma, Narakasur, Ban, Bhagadutta, Hadimba, Ghototkach, Bhim, Prahlad and Bali. They worship lord Shiva and performs the Bhouwa dance in praise of Lord Shiva. This dance signifies the beginning of a new life, a clean society and the removing of bad omen.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East and be a part in Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Sonowal Kachari Tribe, Tinsukia District, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tour, Ecotourism in Assam and North East India, Tinsukia District tour of Assam, Cottages and Homestays in Assam
The Sonowal Kachari Tribal Lady at the Loom at a Sonowal Tribal Village in Tinsukia District

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tour, Ecotourism in Assam and North East India, Tinsukia District tour of Assam, Cottages and Homestays in Assam
Sonowal Kachari Tribal people in their Traditional Attire at their Traditioanl Village in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tour, Ecotourism in Assam and North East India, Tinsukia District tour of Assam, Cottages and Homestays in Assam
The Sonowal Kachari Strictly adhere to traditional customs and singing praises of the Lord are a common occurrence in every household

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tour, Ecotourism in Assam and North East India, Tinsukia District tour of Assam, Cottages and Homestays in Assam
The Bhouwa Dance by the Sonowal JKacharis to praise Lord Shiva and mark a new phase in the beginning of their lives

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Assam Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages, Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Heritage Tea Bungalows of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North Eat India, festivals of Assam and North East india

Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Tea Garden Tribes, Tinsukia District, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

North East India is home to over 200 tribes. Each tribal community have their own distinct culture and traditions. They speak different languages, have different religious practices, wear clothes with distinct patterns and also have different ways of celebrating. These celebrations form a part of their festivals where these communities performs colorful dances, showcase their traditional cuisines and source of livelihood like their agrarian practices and their handlooms and handicrafts.

Have you ever wondered from where does the fresh cup of tea that you savor every the morning comes from? The answer ,without any doubt, that comes to your mind will be India! In India, tea is grown across several parts of the country across the East and South. But the best quality of tea is  grown at the tea gardens of the beautiful State of Assam. The State of Assam has been blessed with a vast reservoir of natural resources like Oil, Coal, Minerals, Timber, Bamboo, Tea, etc. It was because of this availability of resources that the British put every bit of effort to develop means to harness the economic potentials of these resources. One of the most important resources that has put Assam into the map of the World is the Assam Tea.

It was in 1839 that the British incorporated the Assam Tea Company that started the production of Assam Tea across the fertile plains of Upper Assam. To cater to the labor needs of the vast tea gardens the British colonial planters brought in many people from the Chhota Nagpur Plateau region to Assam during this period in multiple phases for the purpose of being employed in the tea gardens industry as laborers. These people in due course of time became a part of the Adivasi community of Assam and also started to be known as Tea Garden tribes locally. As the Tea plantations started growing across the State these people spread across and today they are found majorly in the districts of Kokrajhar, Udalguri,Sonitpur, Nagaon, Golaghat, Jorhat, Sivasagar, Dibrugarh, Tinsukia and almost all the districts of Assam in smaller numbers.

Known to be hard working workers, these people start their day as early as 4 AM in the morning when they head out to the nearby tea gardens and pluck the fresh tea leaves that are sent to the local factory for processing.

One prime characteristics across all the community members of the Tea Garden Tribes is their love for Music. Their music is usually collectively performed for a variety of occasions like weddings, festivals, arrival of seasons, ushering-in of new life, and harvests. The community is rich in a variety of music and dances. Through the folk music and dance, they try to convey their perspective on social issues and define their daily life styles and their history. In some dance forms, martial arts are displayed to convey their age-old rebellion against the British.

‘Jhumur dance’ is a famous folk dance form of the Adivasi community through which they are identified with in Assam. But they also possess other numerous dance forms like Santhali dance, Chhau dance, Karam naach, and Kharia dance which are performed during different occasions.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East and be a part in Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Tea Garden Tribe, Tinsukia District, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Assam Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages, Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Heritage Tea Bungalows of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North Eat India, festivals of Assam and North East india
The Tea Garden Tribal People in their Traditional Attire in the Local Village at Tinsukia District in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Assam Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages, Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Heritage Tea Bungalows of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North Eat India, festivals of Assam and North East india
The Tea Garden Tribal Community Of Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Assam Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages, Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Heritage Tea Bungalows of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North Eat India, festivals of Assam and North East india
The Jhumur Dance of the Local Tea Garden Tribes of Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Assam Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages, Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Heritage Tea Bungalows of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North Eat India, festivals of Assam and North East india
The Tea Garden Tribal people are expert hunters with the Bow and Arrow

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Assam Tea Gardens Tour, Tea Estate holidays in Assam, Assam Fine Tea, Fresh Tea in Assam, Coal Mining in Assam, Assam Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages
The Namdang Tea Estate is one of the oldest Tea Estates of Assam located in the proximity of the Namdang Underground coal mines of Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Assam Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages, Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Heritage Tea Bungalows of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North Eat India, festivals of Assam and North East india
The Majestic Tea Gardens near the Singpho Eco Lodge Homestay at Margherita – the ideal Ecotourism Homestay destination in Upper Assam of the Singpho Tribes

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Assam Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages, Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Heritage Tea Bungalows of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North Eat India, festivals of Assam and North East india
The Hardworking Tea Garden Worker Community who pluck fresh Tea leaves that produces the famous Assam CTC Tea

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam

Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Tai Phake Tribe, Faneng Village, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

North East India is home to over 200 tribes. Each tribal community have their own distinct culture and traditions. They speak different languages, have different religious practices, wear clothes with distinct patterns and also have different ways of celebrating. These celebrations form a part of their festivals where these communities performs colorful dances, showcase their traditional cuisines and source of livelihood like their agrarian practices and their handlooms and handicrafts.

The Tai Phake Tribal group belong to the better known Tai tribe of Assam and they inhabit the Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts of Assam and the Lohit district of Arunachal Pradesh in the north eastern most corner of India principally along the banks of the Dehing River that serves as a lifeline to the people of Upper Assam. Known to have migrated to Assam from the Shan Kingdom of Myanmar in the 18th century the Tai Phake people settled in the rich south bank of the Buridihing River, which came to be known as ‘Nam Phake’.

The Tai Phake tribal community ’til today rely on Agriculture as their primary occupation. They cultivate crops such as rice paddy, mustard, potatoes. Besides agriculture they also have other subsidiary sources of income from which the people earn good income. They also rear cattle, buffaloes. Fishing is a also major practice of the Tai Phake tribal people.

A special attraction of the Tai Phake Tribal villages are their traditional houses. The houses of the Tai Phakes are chang-ghars. Built on piles of wood above the ground locally known as “Haun Hang”. Materials is like takau (toko paat) leaves, timber and bamboos are used in the construction of their houses. There are two hearths in each house and the inside one is considered as sacred. Every house has a drawing room called “Kan Nok”, a prayer room called “Khok Tang-som” with a kitchen called “Haun Aom”. Each tribal home offers a traditional meal to a visitor at their village. This meals consist of cooked or steamed rice wrapped in banana leaves that known as “Khau How” and boiled vegetables. Moreover, many wild leafy vegetables such as “pukut”, “khi kai” etc. are also served. Beside this the meal also comprises meat, fish, eggs, steamed rice, dry fish, sour fish, dry meat, rice cakes. Also served regularly is the savory Assam Tea which is also the favorite beverage of the Tai Phake people.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East and be a part in Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Tai Phake Tribe, Faneng Village, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
The Tai Phake Tribal people of Faneng Village in their Traditional attire in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
The Traditional Chang Ghar made out of Bamboo at Faneng Tai Phake Village in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
The Tai Phake Tribal Lady at the loom weaving out exclusive handloom fabric

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
The Bamboo Bridge on the River Buridihing serves as a mode of communication with the outside World at Faneng Village in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
The Traditional Tai Phake Village Homes at Faneng Village in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
Agriculture is still the primary occupation of Tai Phake tribal people of Faneng Village in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
The Tai Phake Elderly at Faneng Village in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
The Beutiful Countryside of Faneng Village in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
The Tai Phake Elderly in their traditional homes at Faneng Village in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Tribal Cottages Homestay in Assam, North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tourism, Upper Assam Tribes and their culture, Rabha Tribe of Assam

Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Rabha Tribe, Jagun and Chandubi Lake, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

North East India is home to over 200 tribes. Each tribal community have their own distinct culture and traditions. They speak different languages, have different religious practices, wear clothes with distinct patterns and also have different ways of celebrating. These celebrations form a part of their festivals where these communities performs colorful dances, showcase their traditional cuisines and source of livelihood like their agrarian practices and their handlooms and handicrafts.

Rabhas are among the nine plan tribe and fourteen hill tribes of Assam. The Rabhas belong to the Indo-Mongoloid group of people and have similarities with other members of Bodo group such as Garos, Kachari, Mech, Koch, Hajong and others.

The traditional economy of the Rabhas in general, is based on agriculture, forest based activities and weaving. In the past, the Rabhas used to practice shifting cultivation. They continued to cultivate the land with Gogo or bill-hook. Later they took up the job of settled cultivation and started cultivation with plough. Besides cultivation, hunting was also an old practice of Rabha people. Weaving was a traditional occupation of the Rabha women.

Like in most tribal communities, dances and music play an important part in the lives of the Rabhas. After every ritual they perform various dances to ingratiate their deities. Most of the Rabha women can both sing and dance. Like most tribal dances, those of the Rabhas are connected to some daily agrarian activity. They have a unique dance form named “Nakchung Reni” to celebrate fishing in the forest rivulets. Rabha women of all ages take part in this dance whole-heartedly.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East and be a part in Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Rabha Tribe, Jagun and Chandubi Lake, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Tribal Cottages Homestay in Assam, North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tourism, Upper Assam Tribes and their culture, Rabha Tribe of Assam
Rabha Tribal people in their traditional attire at the Rabha Village in Jagun

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Tribal Cottages Homestay in Assam, North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tourism, Upper Assam Tribes and their culture, Rabha Tribe of Assam
Rabha Tribal Lady at the Loom in Rabha Village at Jagun

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Tribal Cottages Homestay in Assam, North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tourism, Upper Assam Tribes and their culture, Rabha Tribe of Assam
The Tirap River flows across the Rabha Tribal Village in Jagun in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Tribal Cottages Homestay in Assam, North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tourism, Upper Assam Tribes and their culture, Rabha Tribe of Assam
The Tirap River flows across the Rabha Tribal Village in Jagun in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Tribal Cottages Homestay in Assam, North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tourism, Upper Assam Tribes and their culture, Rabha Tribe of Assam
Rabha Tribal practice drying of fish in the sun to make a spicy chutney that they serve with rice

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Tribal Cottages Homestay in Assam, North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tourism, Upper Assam Tribes and their culture, Rabha Tribe of Assam
Traditional Rabha Home in the Rabha Tribal Village at Jagun in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Tribal Cottages Homestay in Assam, North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tourism, Upper Assam Tribes and their culture, Rabha Tribe of Assam
Rabha Homes in Tribal Villages have huge fields for growing Organic Vegetables that serve a part of their daily cuisine

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Tribal Cottages Homestay in Assam, North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tourism, Upper Assam Tribes and their culture, Rabha Tribe of Assam
The Beautiful entrance to the Rabha Tribal home at their village in Jagun

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Tribal Cottages Homestay in Assam, North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tourism, Upper Assam Tribes and their culture, Rabha Tribe of Assam
Rabha Homes in Tribal Villages have huge fields for growing Organic Vegetables that serve a part of their daily cuisine

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Tribal Cottages Homestay in Assam, North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tourism, Upper Assam Tribes and their culture, Rabha Tribe of Assam
The Traditional Hat of Assam – the “Jhapi” kept at all tribal homes in Assam villages

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Tribal Cottages Homestay in Assam, North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tourism, Upper Assam Tribes and their culture, Rabha Tribe of Assam
Rabha Homes in Tribal Villages have huge fields for growing Organic Vegetables that serve a part of their daily cuisine

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Indigenous Tribes of Assam and North East India, Traditional Festivals of North East India, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Handlooms and Handicrafts of North East India, Tribal Practices of North East India Tribes

Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Sumi Naga Tribe, Tipong Colliery, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

North East India is home to over 200 tribes. Each tribal community have their own distinct culture and traditions. They speak different languages, have different religious practices, wear clothes with distinct patterns and also have different ways of celebrating. These celebrations form a part of their festivals where these communities performs colorful dances, showcase their traditional cuisines and source of livelihood like their agrarian practices and their handlooms and handicrafts.

The ‘Sumi Naga’ is one of the major tribes of the State of Nagaland – ‘the Land of the Warrior Tribes’. The Sumi Nagas mostly inhabit the central and southern regions of Nagaland in the Zunheboto and Dimpaur districts. Although not many in number, a small population of the Sumi Nagas inhabit a small village in the eastern most corner of the State of Assam at Tipong Colliery. A right turn from the Historic Stilwell Road at Lekhapani will lead you to the Sumi Naga Tribal Village at Lalpahar in Tipong Colliery. The Sumi Nagas of Tipong Colliery still practice traditional customs and have kept the age old practices of the fierce Naga Warrior Tribes alive. Keeping alive their traditional customary practices specially of Weaving on the Loom, the female members of the Sumi Naga society weave out exquisite wonders from their traditional ancestral looms at the small village.

The Sumi Nagas are one of the most united and most aggressive Naga nations. Since times immemorial, other Nagas have feared the Sumi Nagas. Despite their ferocity and aggressive nature in warfare, the Sumi Nagas are known for their simplicity and honesty.

The two major festivals of Sumi Nagas are: Tuluni and Ahuna. Celebrated in the month of July, the ‘Tuluni’ is a festival of great significance for the Sumi Nagas. This festival is marked with feasts as the occasion occurs in the bountiful season of the year. Drinking rice beer indispensably forms as part of the feasts. Rice beer is served in a goblet made of bamboo or made from the leaf of plantain. This drink is called Tuluni which gives the festival its name. Tuluni is also called “Anni” the word of which denotes the season of plentiful crops. This midyear festival is a time of communal harmony and merry-making for the Sumi community.

Celebrated in Novmeber, the ‘Ahuna’ is a traditional post-harvest festival of the Sumi Nagas. Ahuna signifies the celebration of the season’s harvest in ‘Thanksgiving’, while invoking the spirit of good fortune in the New Year. On this occasion, the entire community prepares and feasts on the first meal of rice drawn from the season’s harvest cooked in bamboo segments. The receptacles for cooking or serving on this occasion are freshly made, curved or cut, from locally available resources prolific and abundant in the countryside.

During your visit to the Lalpahar Sumi Naga village you may also interest yourself in visiting one of the oldest underground coal mines of India at Tipong Colliery. Started by the AR&T company during the British rule, the Tipong Colliery boasts of Colonial Bungalows of the British Era and one of the oldest operational Steam Locomotives in the world of the likes of ‘796’ and ‘David’ manufactured by W G Bagnall of Stafford in England in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. The charming and warm hearted people, the lush greens and majestic mountains and the gushing waters of River Tipong will surely make your visit to Tipong Colliery one of the most memorable one of your lifetime!

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East and be a part in Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Sumi Naga Tribe, Tipong Colliery, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Indigenous Tribes of Assam and North East India, Traditional Festivals of North East India, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Handlooms and Handicrafts of North East India, Tribal Practices of North East India Tribes
The Sumi Naga Tribal People at the Lalpahar Village in Tipong Colliery

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Indigenous Tribes of Assam and North East India, Traditional Festivals of North East India, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Handlooms and Handicrafts of North East India, Tribal Practices of North East India Tribes
The Sumi Naga Tribal people celebrating at the Tuluni Festival in their local village

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Indigenous Tribes of Assam and North East India, Traditional Festivals of North East India, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Handlooms and Handicrafts of North East India, Tribal Practices of North East India Tribes
The Sumi Naga Tribal People in the Traditional attire and Head gear at the Lalpahar Sumi Village

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Indigenous Tribes of Assam and North East India, Traditional Festivals of North East India, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Handlooms and Handicrafts of North East India, Tribal Practices of North East India Tribes
The Sumi Naga Tribal Lady at the loom that weaves out Exquisite North East India Handlooms

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Indigenous Tribes of Assam and North East India, Traditional Festivals of North East India, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Handlooms and Handicrafts of North East India, Tribal Practices of North East India Tribes
The Akhame – the Bamboo fish trap used by the Sumi Naga people for fishing at Lalpahar Village in Tipong Colliery

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Indigenous Tribes of Assam and North East India, Traditional Festivals of North East India, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Handlooms and Handicrafts of North East India, Tribal Practices of North East India Tribes
The Colonial Bungalows of the British Era at Tipong Colliery

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Indigenous Tribes of Assam and North East India, Traditional Festivals of North East India, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Handlooms and Handicrafts of North East India, Tribal Practices of North East India Tribes
The famous David Steam Locomotive at Tipong Colliery in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Indigenous Tribes of Assam and North East India, Traditional Festivals of North East India, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Handlooms and Handicrafts of North East India, Tribal Practices of North East India Tribes
The 796 Steam Locomotive at Tipong Colliery in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Sumi Naga 1
Sumi Naga Tribal folks in Traditional Attire at Lalpahar Village in Tipong Colliery during the Tuluni festival. Image Credits: Mr. Arif Sidiqui
Sumi Naga Tribes, Ahuna Festival Sumi Naga, Tuluni Sumi Naga, Tipong Colliery
Sumi Naga Tribal girls at Lalpahar Village at Tipong Colliery. Image Credits: Mr. Arif Sidiqui
Sumi Naga Tribes, Ahuna Festival Sumi Naga, Tuluni Sumi Naga, Tipong Colliery
Sumi Naga Tribal girls at Lalpahar Village at Tipong Colliery. Image Credits: Mr. Arif Sidiqui
Sumi Naga Tribes, Ahuna Festival Sumi Naga, Tuluni Sumi Naga, Tipong Colliery
Sumi Naga Tribal folks in Traditional Attire at Lalpahar Village in Tipong Colliery. Image Credits: Mr. Arif Sidiqui
Sumi Naga Tribes, Ahuna Festival Sumi Naga, Tuluni Sumi Naga, Tipong Colliery
Sumi Naga Tribal girls at Lalpahar Village at Tipong Colliery. Image Credits: Mr. Arif Sidiqui