Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism

A tribute to the founder of the feared Ahom Dynasty ~ ‘Swargadeo Chaolung Sui-ka-Pha Samanway Kshetra’, Jorhat ‘Tea Capital of the World’, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

On your visit to Assam (or rather anywhere in the World) there will always be one question on your mind – ‘What are the unique things about this place’? And you will always seek to know the answer from a local, a person who has lived here across a major part of his life. You may get many different set of answers from these small sample size of people you will choose to select. Some of the answers will be the One Horned Rhino of Assam – an endangered animal species native to Assam, the Majuli River Island – the World’s Largest inhabited River Island, the Satras of Majuli – that preach Neo Vaishnavism as propagated by Srimanta Sankardeva and his disciples, the River Brahmaputra – the only male river that flows across Assam, the Dhola-Sadiya  Bridge – India’s longest Bridge, the Oil town of Digboi – the World’s oldest operational Oil well, etc. But one common answer across all these sets of answer will be the Ahom Kingdom of Sivasagar. The Kings of Assam who were so feared during their time that even the Mighty Mughals couldn’t defeat them at the time when they were ruling the whole of India! The Ahoms although known for their ferocity were also one of the most generous of all. Their grandeur in Architecture can be witnessed at the town of Sivasagar in Assam where the like of the ‘Talatal Ghar’, the ‘Kareng Ghar’ and the ‘Rang Ghar’ can be seen.

But as history has always narrated, no kingdom becomes great without mighty leaders. From Alexander in Greece to Akbar the Great in India, these able leaders created and expanded their empire into a Global one. Not was much different here too with the Ahom Dynasty. Created by one and the legacy carried on by the other made this dynasty one of the most feared and powerful in the country! Although there were many great leaders who played a major role in building the success of this Empire, one noteworthy to be mentioned is the founder of the Ahom Dynasty. He whose praise is sung even today and who will be remembered across the memoirs of the State of Assam always – Chaolung Sukhapa!

The name “Sukafa” brings a sense of pride in every Assamese individual’s heart. Chaolung Sukhapa was the first Ahom king in medieval Assam, & was the founder of the Ahom kingdom (which is famous for defeating the Mughal empire 17 times). As I recall, he was a Tai prince originally from Mong Mao, (now in Yunnan province in Peoples Republic of China). After spending 19 years as crown prince, Sukaphaa decided to leave Mong Mao. According to tradition, his grandmother advised him thus – “no two tigers live in the same jungle, no two kings sit on the same throne.” Accordingly Sukaphaa is said to have left Chieng-Sen the capital of Mong Mao in the year 1215 AD.

He was accompanied by three queens, two sons and a daughter; chiefs from five other dependent Mongs, members of the priestly class and soldiers—a total contingent of 9,000. Some commoners are recorded as having joined this core group on the way. He traveled a long distance & entered Assam in 1228 A.D. His  journey from Yunnan to Assam passed through many places like Myitkyina, Mogaung and the upper Irrawaddy river valley and  Patkai hills among many others. On his way he stopped at various places and crossed the Khamjang River to reach the Nangyang Lake where he fought and defeated the Nagas and reached the Brahmaputra valley in the early 13th century.  The kingdom he established there existed for nearly six hundred years and in the process unified the various tribal and non-tribal peoples of the region that left a deep impact on the region. In the quest of expanding his kingdom, he reached Namrup and constructed a bridge on the Sessa River, and went along the Burhi Dihing River in order to establish a colony for wet rice cultivation. After a substantial amount of time, when he couldn’t find a suitable land, he returned downstream to Tipam. In 1236, he left Tipam for Abhaypur and in the year 1240, the area was struck by flood, which made him move again down the Brahmaputra to Habung, which is present-day Dhakuakhana. In1244,he moved down the Brahmaputra to the Dikhowmukh, because Habung was also struck by flood, and then up the Dikhow river up to Ligirigaon. Finally, in the year 1253, the capital of Ahom Kingdom was established at Charaideo, which lies close to the present-day Sibasagar and eventually initiated the mission of building a state.In honour to his position, the term ‘Chaolung’ is generally associated with his name-Chao meaning lord & Lung meaning great.

Since 1996 December 2 has been celebrated in Assam as the Sukaphaa Divas, or Asom Divas (Assam Day), to commemorate the advent of the first king of the Ahom kingdom in Assam after his journey over the Patkai Hills. He is also known as the first Assamese.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness Architectural Grandeurs of the Ahom Dynasty and pay tribute to the founder of the feared Ahom Dynasty ~ ‘Swargadeo Chaolung Sui-ka-Pha Samanway Kshetra’, Sivasagar and Jorhat ‘Tea Capital of the World’, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The Entrance to the Swargadeo Chaolung Siu-Ka-Pha Samanway Kshetra at Jorhat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
Welcome to the Swargadeo Chaolung Siu-Ka-Pha Samanway Kshetra at Jorhat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The Samanway Kshetra of Swargadeo Chaolung Sukapha at Jorhat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The Statue of Chaolung Sukapha at the Samanway Kshetra at Jorhat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The Musuem that has ancient artifacts of the Ahom Dynasty at the Sui ka Pha Samanway Kshetra

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The founder of the Ahom Dynasty and the first Assamese – His Highness Cholung Sukhapa. Image Source: Wikipedia

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
Lachit Borphukan commanding the Ahom army during the Battle of Saraighat as depicted at the Saraighat War Memorial in Guwahati

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
Religious Ceremmony being arranged to mark the festival of Me Dam Me Phi at Margherita in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The Rang Ghar at Sivasagar is Asia’s First Amphitheater and an excellent example of the Architectural might of the Ahom Dynasty

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
Ancient Cannons of the Ahom Dynasty used in Warfare on display at the Talatal Ghar at Sivasagar in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
Majuli Traditional Masks kept at the home of Hem Chandra Goswami

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The Auniati Satra at Majuli River Island

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
Hem Chandra Goswami Mask Making specialist Majuli

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
Chaolung Sukapha Statue at the Samanway Kshetra at Jorhat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The Statue of Chaolung Sukapha at the Samanway Kshetra at Jorhat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

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Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism

The Mighty Warriors of the feared Ahom Dynasty and the Unsung Heroes of India – Chaolung Sukapha, Lachit Borphukan and the fierce ‘Battle of Saraighat’, Sivasagar, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

On your visit to Assam (or rather anywhere in the World) there will always be one question on your mind – ‘What are the unique things about this place’? And you will always seek to know the answer from a local, a person who has lived here across a major part of his life. You may get many different set of answers from these small sample size of people you will choose to select. Some of the answers will be the One Horned Rhino of Assam – an endangered animal species native to Assam, the Majuli River Island – the World’s Largest inhabited River Island, the Satras of Majuli – that preach Neo Vaishnavism as propagated by Srimanta Sankardeva and his disciples, the River Brahmaputra – the only male river that flows across Assam, the Dhola-Sadiya  Bridge – India’s longest Bridge, the Oil town of Digboi – the World’s oldest operational Oil well, etc. But one common answer across all these sets of answer will be the Ahom Kingdom of Sivasagar. The Kings of Assam who were so feared during their time that even the Mighty Mughals couldn’t defeat them at the time when they were ruling the whole of India! The Ahoms although known for their ferocity were also one of the most generous of all. Their grandeur in Architecture can be witnessed at the town of Sivasagar in Assam where the like of the ‘Talatal Ghar’, the ‘Kareng Ghar’ and the ‘Rang Ghar’ can be seen.

But as history has always narrated, no kingdom becomes great without mighty leaders. From Alexander in Greece to Akbar the Great in India, these able leaders created and expanded their empire into a Global one. Not was much different here too with the Ahom Dynasty. Created by one and the legacy carried on by the other made this dynasty one of the most feared and powerful in the country! Although there were many great leaders who played a major role in building the success of this Empire, two (2) are always noteworthy to be mentioned. These two whose praises are sung even today and who will be remembered across the memoirs of the State of Assam always – Chaolung Sukhapa and Lachit Borphukan!

  • Chaolung Sukhapa

The name “Sukafa” brings a sense of pride in every Assamese individual’s heart. Chaolung Sukhapa was the first Ahom king in medieval Assam, & was the founder of the Ahom kingdom (which is famous for defeating the Mughal empire 17 times). As I recall, he was a Tai prince originally from Mong Mao, (now in Yunnan province in Peoples Republic of China). After spending 19 years as crown prince, Sukaphaa decided to leave Mong Mao. According to tradition, his grandmother advised him thus – “no two tigers live in the same jungle, no two kings sit on the same throne.” Accordingly Sukaphaa is said to have left Chieng-Sen the capital of Mong Mao in the year 1215 AD.

He was accompanied by three queens, two sons and a daughter; chiefs from five other dependent Mongs, members of the priestly class and soldiers—a total contingent of 9,000. Some commoners are recorded as having joined this core group on the way. He traveled a long distance & entered Assam in 1228 A.D. His  journey from Yunnan to Assam passed through many places like Myitkyina, Mogaung and the upper Irrawaddy river valley and  Patkai hills among many others. On his way he stopped at various places and crossed the Khamjang River to reach the Nangyang Lake where he fought and defeated the Nagas and reached the Brahmaputra valley in the early 13th century.  The kingdom he established there existed for nearly six hundred years and in the process unified the various tribal and non-tribal peoples of the region that left a deep impact on the region. In the quest of expanding his kingdom, he reached Namrup and constructed a bridge on the Sessa River, and went along the Burhi Dihing River in order to establish a colony for wet rice cultivation. After a substantial amount of time, when he couldn’t find a suitable land, he returned downstream to Tipam. In 1236, he left Tipam for Abhaypur and in the year 1240, the area was struck by flood, which made him move again down the Brahmaputra to Habung, which is present-day Dhakuakhana. In1244,he moved down the Brahmaputra to the Dikhowmukh, because Habung was also struck by flood, and then up the Dikhow river up to Ligirigaon. Finally, in the year 1253, the capital of Ahom Kingdom was established at Charaideo, which lies close to the present-day Sibasagar and eventually initiated the mission of building a state.In honour to his position, the term ‘Chaolung’ is generally associated with his name-Chao meaning lord & Lung meaning great.

Since 1996 December 2 has been celebrated in Assam as the Sukaphaa Divas, or Asom Divas (Assam Day), to commemorate the advent of the first king of the Ahom kingdom in Assam after his journey over the Patkai Hills. He is also known as the first Assamese.

  • Lachit Borphukan

When a story of a war hero is recited in Assam, the first name that pops in the mind of every Assamese is perhaps Lachit Borphukon, who is best known for the battle of Saraighat in 1671 that demolished a drawn-out attempt by Mughal forces to take back Kamrup among many others.

His father Momai Tamuli Borbarua had a humble background but evolved as the first Borbarua (Governor of upper Assam and Commander-in-Chief of the Ahom army) under Prataap Singha. Lachit Borphukan received training in humanities, scriptures and military skills.

Before being appointed as the Supreme Commander of the army, he held various posts of eminence such as Superintendent of the Royal Horses or Ghora Barua, Commander of the strategic Simulgarh Fort and Superintendent of the Royal Household Guards or Dolakasharia Barua assisting the Ahom king. The King Chakradhwaj Singha appointed Lachit as the commander in chief of the Ahom army. King Chakradhwaj Singha selected Lachit Borphukan to lead the army in the campaign against the Mughals who held Guwahati. The King presented Lachit with a gold-hafted sword (Hengdang) and the customary paraphernalia of distinction. Lachit raised the army and preparations were completed by summer of 1667. Lachit recovered Guwahati from the Mughals and successfully defended it against the Mughal forces during the Battle of Saraighat.

  • Battle of Saraighat(The Victory that was to be written in Golden words in Assamese history)

Lachit efficiently disposed his responsibilities and transformed it into strong and powerful army by the summer of 1667. In the Battle of Saraighat he headed the Ahom army which was victorious against the Mughal army. When the Mughal army attacked in Saraighat, while looking at the huge Mughal fleet under the leadership of Ram Singh I consisting of 30,000 infantry, 15,000 archers, 18,000 Turkish cavalry, 5,000 gunners and over 1000 cannons besides a large flotilla of boats the Assamese army lost their determination and will. Even though Lachit was very seriously ill he told his army to retreat if they wanted to and made it clear that he wouldn’t do so. He said “If you (the soldiers) want to flee, flee. The king has given me a task here and I will do it well. Let the Mughals take me away. You report to the king that his general fought well following his orders”. This gave a huge moral boost to the Assamese army.  His soldiers rallied and a desperate battle ensured on the river Brahmaputra. Lachit Barphukan was victorious. The Mughals were forced to retreat from Guwahati. The Mughal Commander-in-Chief, acknowledging his defeat by the Ahom soldiers and their Commander-in-chief Lachit Barphukan, wrote, “Glory to the king! Glory to the counselors! Glory to the commanders! Glory to the country! One single individual leads all the forces! Even I, Ram Singh, being personally on the spot, have not been able to find any loophole and an opportunity!”.

He died immediately after the victory due to illness. 16 km from Jorhat at the Lachit Maidam, the last remains of Lachit Borphukon are preserved. It was built in 1672 by Swargadeo Udayaditya Singha at Hoolungapara. Every year 24th November is celebrated as Lachit Divas in the state of Assam to pay tribute to general Lachit Borphukan.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness the Ahom Architectural Wonders at Sivasagar and pay tribute to the Mighty Warriors of the feared Ahom Dynasty and the Unsung Heroes of India – Chaolung Sukapha, Lachit Borphukan and the fierce ‘Battle of Saraighat’, Sivasagar, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: History of Sivasagar and Majuli

Lachit Borphukan Ahom Dynasty, Ahom Dynasty Sivasagar Assam, Sivasagar Monuments, Siivasagar Tourist places, Assam Tourism Sivasagar, Architecture of Ahom Dynasty, Satras at Ahom Dynasty Assam
The founder of the Ahom Dynasty and the first Assamese – His Highness Cholung Sukhapa. Image Source: Wikipedia

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: History of Sivasagar and Majuli

Lachit Borphukan Ahom Dynasty, Ahom Dynasty Sivasagar Assam, Sivasagar Monuments, Siivasagar Tourist places, Assam Tourism Sivasagar, Architecture of Ahom Dynasty, Satras at Ahom Dynasty Assam
The Great Warrior Lachit Borphukan of the Ahom Dynasty of Assam. Source: indiafacts.org

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: History of Sivasagar and Majuli

Lachit Borphukan Ahom Dynasty, Ahom Dynasty Sivasagar Assam, Sivasagar Monuments, Siivasagar Tourist places, Assam Tourism Sivasagar, Architecture of Ahom Dynasty, Satras at Ahom Dynasty Assam
Lachit Borphukan commanding the Ahom army during the Battle of Saraighat as depicted at the Saraighat War Memorial in Guwahati

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: History of Sivasagar and Majuli

Lachit Borphukan Ahom Dynasty, Ahom Dynasty Sivasagar Assam, Sivasagar Monuments, Siivasagar Tourist places, Assam Tourism Sivasagar, Architecture of Ahom Dynasty, Satras at Ahom Dynasty Assam
The Statue of Lachit Borphukan at the Lachit Borphukan Maidam near Jorhat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: History of Sivasagar and Majuli

Lachit Borphukan Ahom Dynasty, Ahom Dynasty Sivasagar Assam, Sivasagar Monuments, Siivasagar Tourist places, Assam Tourism Sivasagar, Architecture of Ahom Dynasty, Satras at Ahom Dynasty Assam
Ancient Cannons of the Ahom Dynasty used in Warfare on display at the Talatal Ghar at Sivasagar in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: History of Sivasagar and Majuli

Lachit Borphukan Ahom Dynasty, Ahom Dynasty Sivasagar Assam, Sivasagar Monuments, Siivasagar Tourist places, Assam Tourism Sivasagar, Architecture of Ahom Dynasty, Satras at Ahom Dynasty Assam
The Battle of Sariaghat as depicited at the Sariaghat War Memorial at Guwahati

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: History of Sivasagar and Majuli

Lachit Borphukan Ahom Dynasty, Ahom Dynasty Sivasagar Assam, Sivasagar Monuments, Siivasagar Tourist places, Assam Tourism Sivasagar, Architecture of Ahom Dynasty, Satras at Ahom Dynasty Assam
The Battle of Saraighat fought between Ahoms and the Mughals at Saraighat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: History of Sivasagar and Majuli

Lachit Borphukan Ahom Dynasty, Ahom Dynasty Sivasagar Assam, Sivasagar Monuments, Siivasagar Tourist places, Assam Tourism Sivasagar, Architecture of Ahom Dynasty, Satras at Ahom Dynasty Assam
The Rang Ghar at Sivasagar is Asia’s First Amphitheater and an excellent example of the Architectural might of the Ahom Dynasty

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: History of Sivasagar and Majuli

Lachit Borphukan Ahom Dynasty, Ahom Dynasty Sivasagar Assam, Sivasagar Monuments, Siivasagar Tourist places, Assam Tourism Sivasagar, Architecture of Ahom Dynasty, Satras at Ahom Dynasty Assam
The Statues narrating the Battle of Saraighat at the Saraighat War Memorial at GUwahati

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: History of Sivasagar and Majuli

Lachit Borphukan Ahom Dynasty, Ahom Dynasty Sivasagar Assam, Sivasagar Monuments, Siivasagar Tourist places, Assam Tourism Sivasagar, Architecture of Ahom Dynasty, Satras at Ahom Dynasty Assam
The Talatal Ghar at Sivasgar in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: History of Sivasagar and Majuli

Lachit Borphukan Ahom Dynasty, Ahom Dynasty Sivasagar Assam, Sivasagar Monuments, Siivasagar Tourist places, Assam Tourism Sivasagar, Architecture of Ahom Dynasty, Satras at Ahom Dynasty Assam
The Details narrating the Battle of Saraighat at Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: History of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism

The Statue of Chaolung Sukapha at the Samanway Kshetra at Jorhat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: History of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The Entrance to the Swargadeo Chaolung Siu-Ka-Pha Samanway Kshetra at Jorhat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: History of Sivasagar and Majuli

The Grand Tour of the Gateway to North East India – the Awesome State of Assam, Incredible India!

Itinerary of the Grand Tour of Awesome Assam ~

Day 1 ~

Arrive at Guwahati Airport. On arrival you will be received by our representative at the airport offering a warm welcome in traditional Assamese style. From the Airport drive the Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary to spot the One Horned Rhinoceros of Assam, an endangered rhino breed indigenous to Assam. The Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary has the highest density of one horned rhinoceros population anywhere in the world. Also, visit the Mayong Museum. Mayong is the famous land of black magic in India. Although black magic is no longer practiced, you will find relics in the museum showcasing these practices that were prevalent earlier. Also visit the Stone inscription at Burha-Mayong. This stone inscription is the longest in Asia at a length of 3.85 meters.

Night Stay: Jungle Resort at Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary

Meals Included: Dinner

Day 2 ~

Early morning go for a thrilling Jeep Safari into the interiors of the Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary to spot the flora and fauna at Pobitora. Later in the day we will visit the ancient temples and Satras of North Guwahati. At first, we will visit the Dol Govinda temple that is one of the most revered shrines of Lord Krishna. Historical reference to this temple dates back to more than two centuries ago. Later we will visit the Assamese Vaishnavite Monestary ‘the Auniati Satra’. In the afternoon we will visit the Architectural Marvel of the Mighty Ahom Dynasty under the regime of King Shiva Singha – the ‘Aswaklanta Temple’ built in 1720 AD. Our visit will end at the Dirgheswari Temple that has rock cut images that can be traced to 11th to 12th century AD. Return to Guwahati.

Night Stay: Comfortable Hotel/Homestay at Guwahati

Meals Included: Breakfast

Day 3 ~

Early morning we will visit the Holy Shrine of Goddess Kamakhya on the revered Shakti Peetha on the Nilachal Hills – the Kamakhya Temple. Offer your worship at the holiest Temple Shrine of North East India. After breakfast we will depart to the Holy Land of Hajo where we will visit the Hayagriva Madhava Temple and the Poa Makka shrine. After lunch we will drive to Suwalkuchi – ‘The Manchester of the East’ and the Silk Town of Assam. Appreciate the Grandeur of the Assam Silk at Suwalkuchi.

Night Stay: Comfortable Hotel/Homestay at Guwahati

Meals Included: Breakfast

Day 4 ~

Today we will embark on our journey to Barpeta to visit the Neo Vaishnavite Monastery of the Barpeta Satra and then will halt at the Manas National Park. Evening will be free at Leisure to visit the nearby Tea gardens.

Night Stay: Jungle Resort/Cottages at Manas National Park

Meals Included: Breakfast

Day 5 ~

Early morning take a ride into the dense jungles of the Manas National Park aboard an Elephant Safari. Later in the day we will depart to the Nameri National Park.

Night Stay: Jungle Resort/Cottages at Nameri National Park

Meals Included: Breakfast

Day 6 ~

Early morning trek to the interiors of the Nameri National Park along with a forest gaurd to admire the varied avi fauna of the National Park. Later in the day depart to the Kaziranga National Park.

Night Stay: Bonroja Motel at Kaziranga National Park

Meals Included: Breakfast

Day 7 ~

Early morning we will go for an Elephant Safari into the interiors of the Kaziranga National Park . A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Kaziranga National Park is home to the highest population of one horned Rhinoceros anywhere in the world. Later visit the Orchid park at Kaziranga. Depart to Majuli Island.

Night Stay: Eco Resort/Homestay at Majuli Island

Meals Included: Breakfast

Day 8 ~

Spend the day at Majuli visiting the Neo-Vaishnavite Satras of Majuli Island. Spend time birdwatching and also learn about the lost art of Mask making. Return to Jorhat and on the way visit the ‘Dhekiakhua Bornamghor – home to the oldest burning oil lamp in the World’.

Night Stay: Hotel MDs Continental at Jorhat

Meals Included: Breakfast

Day 9 ~

After breakfast depart to Sivasagar – the land of the Mighty Ahom Kings. Spend your day admiring the Engineering marvels of the Talatal Ghar and the Rang Ghar at Sibasagar. Later depart to Naharkatia to the Tai Phake Ecotourism Camp.

​Night Stay: Tai Phake Eco tourism Camp at Naharakatia

Meals Included: Breakfast

Day 10 ~

Spend your day with the tribal community of the Tai Phake people and learn about their age old traditional practices. Trek along the forests and the beautiful countryside of the Ecocamp. Later in the afternoon we will depart to Tinsukia. In the evening we will visit the Railway Heritage Park and Museum at Tinsukia. Arrive at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park.

Night Stay: Banashree Eco Camp at Dibru Saikhowa National Park

Meals Included: Breakfast

Day 11 ~

Early morning we will take a tour of the Dibru Saikhowa National Park aboard a River Cruise. Breakfast/Lunch will be served aboard the River Cruise. After the River Cruise we will visit the Nao Pukhuri at Tinsukia and depart to the Legendary Oil town of Assam at Digboi .

Night Stay: Namdang Guest House at Digboi

Meals Included: Breakfast

Day 12 ~

After breakfast visit the War Cemetery at Digboi and visit Digboi Oil town – ‘Home to the oldest operational oil refinery in the World’. Later Depart to Tipong Colliery to see the Steam Locomotives here. We will visit the historic Lekhapani Railway Station and tread along the Stilwell Road to visit the border of the State of Arunachal Pradesh. Later we will return to Margherita.

Night Stay: Singpho Eco Lodge at Margherita

Meals Included: Breakfast and Dinner

Day 13 ~

Today we will visit the Histoic Ledo Airstrip and the International Meditation Center at the Mounglang Buddhist Monestary. Later experience open cast coal mining at Tirap Colliery. Afternon we will visit the Namdang Bibi Majhar and discover the exotic tea gardens at Namdang. The day will end with your visit to Asia’s oldest plywood factory at Margherita.

Night Stay: Singpho Eco Lodge at Margherita

Meals Included: Breakfast and Dinner

Day 14 ~

In the morning we will visit the Singpho village near the Eco Lodge and learn about the practices and culture of the Singpho tribal people of Assam. Indulge in their daily activities of live like weaving on the Loom. Afternoon enjoy a traditonal cuisine at the Singpho Villa Restaurant in Baragolai and visit India’s only Coal Museum at Margherita. This museum has many historical artefacts from the Second World War. Night halt at the Singpho Eco Lodge at Margherita.

Night Stay: Singpho Eco Lodge at Margherita

Meals Included: Breakfast

Day 15 ~

Early morning visit the Buddhist Monestary near the Eco Lodge and after breakfast we will enjoy a short trek across the nearby tea gardens. Later you will depart to Dibrugarh Airport for your onward destination. Trip Ends. Bid Adieu.

Meals Included: Breakfast

To know more visit: Jungleideas

Rang Ghar, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Ahom Kings, Suikapha Ahom, Lachit Borphukan Ahom

Architectural Grandeur’s of the Ahom Dynasty – the Rang Ghar, Sivasagar, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

The Ahom Kings ruled the State of Assam for over 600 years. It was under their regime, Assam flourished with prosperity and to ensure they lived in the memoirs of the Assamese people forever the Ahom Kings constructed monuments of great Architectural Grandeur that continue to stand tall til today battling all odds against the wrath of Mother Nature.

Out of the many Grandeur’s built, another of the prominent one is the ‘Rang Ghar’ at Sivasagar. The Rang Ghar (the House of Entertainment) is a two-storied building situated in Sivasagar, once served as the royal sports-pavilion for Ahom kings and nobles – particularly during the Rongali Bihu festival (the Assamese New Year in the month of April) in the Ahom capital of Rangpur. It is said to be the oldest amphitheater in the whole of Asia and has often been referred to as the ‘Colosseum of the East‘. The Rang Ghar is situated to the northeast of the Talatal Ghar, in the Joysagar area of the Sibsagar district. This ancient amphitheater was constructed by the Ahom ruler Swargadeo Pramutta Singha in 1744-1750.

The Rang Ghar is made of brick and an indigenous type of cement (a mixture of Bora Chaul – a sticky variety of rice grain – eggs of hens, etc.), the same materials that were used for the construction of Kareng Ghar and Talatal Ghar. The materials used to build these monuments were of great quality and hence has been able to withstand all the natural calamities and sustain its existence for centuries.

It is 3 km away from the center of the Sivasagar Town by the side of the Assam Trunk Road. It lies to the northeast of the Rangpur Palace (a seven-storied royal complex comprising the Talatal Ghar and the Kareng Ghar.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness the Architectural Grandeur’s of the Ahom Dynasty – the Rang Ghar, Sivasagar, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Assam Sivasagr Monuments, the Ahom Dynasty Monuments, The Talatal Ghar at Sivasagar, the Karng ghar at Sivasagar, Assam Ecotourism homestay, Festivals of Assam and North East India, Sivasagar and Majuli in Assam
The Rang Ghar monument of the Ahom dynasty at sivasgar in assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Assam Sivasagr Monuments, the Ahom Dynasty Monuments, The Talatal Ghar at Sivasagar, the Karng ghar at Sivasagar, Assam Ecotourism homestay, Festivals of Assam and North East India, Sivasagar and Majuli in Assam
The Rang Ghar monument of the Ahom dynasty at sivasgar in assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Assam Sivasagr Monuments, the Ahom Dynasty Monuments, The Talatal Ghar at Sivasagar, the Karng ghar at Sivasagar, Assam Ecotourism homestay, Festivals of Assam and North East India, Sivasagar and Majuli in Assam
Bihu Dance performed at the Rang Ghar Grounds during bihu. Source: amrapaalimagazine.com

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Rang Ghar, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Ahom Kings, Suikapha Ahom, Lachit Borphukan Ahom

View of the Rang Ghar at Sivasagar in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Rang Ghar, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Ahom Kings, Suikapha Ahom, Lachit Borphukan Ahom
The Rang Ghar at Sivasagar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Rang Ghar, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Ahom Kings, Suikapha Ahom, Lachit Borphukan Ahom
A brief history of the Rang Ghar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Rang Ghar, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Ahom Kings, Suikapha Ahom, Lachit Borphukan Ahom
The Rang Ghar at Sivasagar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Rang Ghar, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Ahom Kings, Suikapha Ahom, Lachit Borphukan Ahom
The Side view that leads to the top of the Rang Ghar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Rang Ghar, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Ahom Kings, Suikapha Ahom, Lachit Borphukan Ahom
Ancient Ahom Architecture Gate at the Joysagar Pond in Sivasagar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Architectural Monuments of Assam, The Ahom Dynasty of Sivasagar in Assam, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Assam Tea Sivasagar, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Kareng Ghar Sivasagar, Culture and Heritage of Assam, Festivals of Assam and North East India

Architectural Grandeur’s of the Ahom Dynasty – the Kareng Ghar and the Talatal Ghar, Sivasagar, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

The Ahom Kings ruled the State of Assam for over 600 years. It was under their regime, Assam flourished with prosperity and to ensure they lived in the memoirs of the Assamese people forever the Ahom Kings constructed monuments of great Architectural Grandeur that continue to stand tall til today battling all odds against the wrath of Mother Nature.

Out of the many Grandeur’s built, the most prominent are the Kareng Ghar and the Talatal Ghar at Sivasagar. The Kareng Ghar, also known as ‘the Garhgaon Palace’, is located at Garhgaon (15 kilometers) from present-day Sivasagar, in Upper Assam, India. The Kareng Ghar serves as one of the grandest examples of Ahom architecture to be ever built. The palace basically was made of wood and stones. In 1747 Pramatta Singha, son of Rudra Singha, constructed the brick wall of about 5 kilometers  in length surrounding the ‘Garhgaon Palace’ and the masonry gate leading to it.

The old palace was initially destroyed and it was rebuilt at around 1752 as the present seven-storied structure (also known as the Rongpur Palace) by Rajeswar Singha Suremphaa, (1751-1769). The initial construction was started by Swargadeo Rudra Singha in AD 1698. ‘Rongpur’ was the capital of the Ahom Kingdom and served as its military-station for a very long period of time. The palace was initially built for the purpose of serving as a military base for the Ahom kings.

The Talatal Ghar is a palace located in Rangpur, 4 km from the city of Sivasagar, in Upper Assam. It has two secret tunnels and many floors below ground level which were used by the Ahom kings and soldiers as exit routes during the wars.

The Talatal Ghar is not a usual kind of a monument. It speaks of Architectural Expertise of the people of Assam several hundred years ago. The Talatal and the Kareng Ghar together constitutes the Rongpur palace. One end of the Talatal Ghar was situated below the Kareng Ghar which helped the kings and the army to escape during the war times. After Swargadeo Rudra Singha’s death, the Talatal Ghar, went through many architectural alterations to its structure, which resulted in its irregular shape.

Swargadeo Rajeswar Singha added the three floors below ground, which make up the Talatal Ghar. This is made of brick and an indigenous type of cement (a mixture of Bora Chaul – a sticky variety of rice grain – eggs of hens, etc.). The Talatal Ghar had two secret underground tunnels. One, about 3 kilometres in length, connected the Talatal Ghar to the Dikhow River, while the other, 16 kilometres long, led to the Garhgaon Palace, and was used as an escape route in case of an enemy attack.

The two palaces, the Kareng Ghar and the Talatal Ghar as already mentioned, are connected through two tunnels to the Dikhow river which served as an exit route in case of enemy attacks. Though the section was blocked by East India Company, a part of it (the ground floor and certain sections of the upper floors) was later reopened for the tourists. The entire palace, with its various rooms, is interconnected by tiny passages. Built within the palace are an octagonal-shaped temple, three large chambers, a guard room and a hall with a huge courtyard having separate entrances.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness the Architectural Grandeur’s of the Ahom Dynasty – the Kareng Ghar and the Talatal Ghar, Sivasagar, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Architectural Monuments of Assam, The Ahom Dynasty of Sivasagar in Assam, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Assam Tea Sivasagar, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Kareng Ghar Sivasagar, Culture and Heritage of Assam, Festivals of Assam and North East India
The Kareng Ghar at Sivasagar is one of the best examples of Architectural Grandeur in Assam built by the Kings of the Ahom Dynasty of the Ahom Kingdom

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Architectural Monuments of Assam, The Ahom Dynasty of Sivasagar in Assam, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Assam Tea Sivasagar, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Kareng Ghar Sivasagar, Culture and Heritage of Assam, Festivals of Assam and North East India
Entrance of the Architectural Marvel of the Ahom Dynasty – the Talatal Ghar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Architectural Monuments of Assam, The Ahom Dynasty of Sivasagar in Assam, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Assam Tea Sivasagar, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Kareng Ghar Sivasagar, Culture and Heritage of Assam, Festivals of Assam and North East India
Ancient Canons used during War of the Ahom Kings of the Ahom Dynasty at Rongpur near Sivasagar in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Architectural Monuments of Assam, The Ahom Dynasty of Sivasagar in Assam, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Assam Tea Sivasagar, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Kareng Ghar Sivasagar, Culture and Heritage of Assam, Festivals of Assam and North East India
The Talatal Ghar Maze at Sivasagar in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Architectural Monuments of Assam, The Ahom Dynasty of Sivasagar in Assam, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Assam Tea Sivasagar, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Kareng Ghar Sivasagar, Culture and Heritage of Assam, Festivals of Assam and North East India
Ancient Canons used during War of the Ahom Kings of the Ahom Dynasty at Rongpur near Sivasagar in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Architectural Monuments of Assam, The Ahom Dynasty of Sivasagar in Assam, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Assam Tea Sivasagar, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Kareng Ghar Sivasagar, Culture and Heritage of Assam, Festivals of Assam and North East India
The Tall and Strong Artifacts of the Talatal Ghar at Sivasagar in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Architectural Monuments of Assam, The Ahom Dynasty of Sivasagar in Assam, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Assam Tea Sivasagar, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Kareng Ghar Sivasagar, Culture and Heritage of Assam, Festivals of Assam and North East India
The Talatal Ghar is a an Architectural Marvel of the Ahom King Dynasty at Sivasagar in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

River Cruise on the Mighty Brahmaputra – Kamakhya, Kaziranga, Majuli and Sivasagar,the State of Assam, Incredible India!

The Brahmaputra is among the largest rivers on planet Earth in terms of discharge and sediments. It’s the only river in the Indian Subcontinent with a male name, as it means “son of Brahma” in Sanskrit (putra means “son”).

Originating in the Angsi glacier in Tibet, the river flows through Tibet, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and finally Bangladesh where it merges with river Ganga and flows into the Bay of Bengal.

The Brahmaputra is the life line of Assam, nurturing its topography, culture, socio-cultural life and sustaining major urban centers. It has also been at the center of Assam’s folklore inspiring literature, music and art. But one feels the might of this river during the monsoons (July to September) when the river floods and leaves behind a wave of destruction rendering people homeless.

In addition to being the life line of Assam, the Brahmaputra also serves as a major tourist attraction for the region. The river is used for ferrying tourists and passengers to many historical sites and temples which are not accessible by road. There are many river cruises that ply on this river. From restaurants to discotheques there cruises makes you feel an experience of a lifetime. Luxury cruise liners operate between Guwahati and Kaziranga (the land of the one horned Rhino) during October to April.

Highlights of the River Cruise are:

  • Arrive at Guwahati and visit the famous Kamakhya temple. Board the River Cruise at Pandu Ghat

  • Cruise on the mighty Brahmaputra and get to witness the amazing Gangetic river dolphins

  • Visit tea estates and witness the process of tea plucking

  • Witness wildlife at the Kaziranga National Park home to the one horned rhinocerous and various species of endangered wildlife

  • Visit the village of the famous tribe of Assam, the ‘Mishings’

  • Visit the world’s largest river island ‘Majuli’ and get to know about the Neo-Vaishnavite Satras

  • Visit Sibsagar – the land of the mighty kings of the ‘Ahom Dynasty’ and experience their magnificient culture and engineering marvels

  • Journey ends

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness the Grandeur of Assam aboard the River Cruise on the Mighty Brahmaputra – the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: River Cruise on the Brahmaputra

Known as the Temple of the Bleeding Goddess - the Kamakhya Temple is situated atop the Nilachal Hills in Guwahati, Assam and plays host to the Eastern Mahakumbh - the Ambubachi Mela in June
Known as the Temple of the Bleeding Goddess – the Kamakhya Temple is situated atop the Nilachal Hills in Guwahati, Assam and plays host to the Eastern Mahakumbh – the Ambubachi Mela in June

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: River Cruise on the Brahmaputra

Ambubachi Mela, Kamakhya Temple Ambubachi Mela, Tantric Sadhu India
Tantric Sadhu at the Ambubachi Mela ~ the Eastern Mahakumbh at the Holy Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: River Cruise on the Brahmaputra

The Mahabaahu River Cruise takes you an exciting journey on River Brahmaputra across the State of Amazing Assam
The Mahabaahu River Cruise takes you an exciting journey on River Brahmaputra across the State of Amazing Assam.

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: River Cruise on the Brahmaputra

Kaziranga Orchid Park, One Horned Rhinoceros Kaziranga, Kaziranga National Park Assam, IORA resort Kaziranga

Elephant Safari into the National Park of Kaziranga

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: River Cruise on the Brahmaputra

During your River Cruise you will halt to enjoy river rafting on Dhansiri and spot exotic Bird Species
During your River Cruise you will halt to enjoy river rafting on Dhansiri and spot exotic Bird Species.

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: River Cruise on the Brahmaputra

The Island of Majuli in Assam is the World's Largest Inhabited River Island and home to Mishing Tribes of North East India that plays host to the 'Raas Leela' Festival in November
The Island of Majuli in Assam is the World’s Largest Inhabited River Island and home to Mishing Tribes of North East India that plays host to the ‘Raas Leela’ Festival in November.

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: River Cruise on the Brahmaputra

Majuli Mask Making, Samuguri Satra Majuli Island, Majuli Island Tour, Sivasgar Ahom Kingdom, Jorhat Tea Assam
Artists perform a demonstration of ‘Bhauna’ ~ the art of story telling wearing the traditional masks in Majuli Island

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: River Cruise on the Brahmaputra

Rang Ghar, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Ahom Kings, Suikapha Ahom, Lachit Borphukan Ahom
The Rang Ghar at Sivasagar which is also the first Amphithetre in Asia

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: River Cruise on the Brahmaputra

Rang Ghar, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Ahom Kings, Suikapha Ahom, Lachit Borphukan Ahom
Ancient Ahom Architecture Gate at the Joysagar Pond in Sivasagar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: River Cruise on the Brahmaputra