North East India is home to over 200 tribes. Each tribal community have their own distinct culture and traditions. They speak different languages, have different religious practices, wear clothes with distinct patterns and also have different ways of celebrating. These celebrations form a part of their festivals where these communities performs colorful dances, showcase their traditional cuisines and source of livelihood like their agrarian practices and their handlooms and handicrafts.
Across a majority of the tribes of north east India one can find a close resemblance with the communities of South East India. One such tribal community of Assam are the Tai Khamyang tribes. Known to have migrated to Assam from the Kachin State in Myanmar the Tai Khamyang people derive their name from the Tai word ‘Khamyag’ meaning ‘people having gold'(‘kham’ meaning ‘gold’ and ‘yang’ meaning ‘to have’). Many Khamyangs have also historically used ‘Shyam’ as a surname, which is a cognate with ‘Siam’, the old word for Thailand.
The Tai-Khamyangs, represent a brethren of Great Tai/Thai family of South East Asia. They are numerically tribal group found in Tinsukia, Jorhat, Sivasagar and Golaghat districts of Assam as well as adjacent parts of Arunachal Pradesh. Their population totals about 7,000 of which only a small minority speak the native Tai Khamyang language. The Khamyang are followers of Theravada Buddhism and are closely related to the Tai-Khamti. They maintain good relations with other Tai Buddhist tribes of Assam.
The Tai Khamyangs, in the Patkai Mountain Range, got divided into two groups namely the Maan Nam or Pani Nora (Low Land Nora) and Maan Loi or Dum Nora (Upper land Nora). These settlements lies near the great lake ‘The Lake Of No Return – India’s Bermuda Triangle’. In the mid eighteenth century, due to the critical surrounding for the presence of couple of Cobras in the lake and problems faced from the Kachins, the Tai-Khamyangs crossed over the Patkai hill and settled in a fertile valley of Arunachal Pradesh. It is said that they constructed a pagoda which is still present near the ‘Lake of no return’.
Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East and be a part in Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Tai Khamyang Tribe, Tinsukia District, the State of Assam, Incredible India!
The Tai Khamyang Buddhist Tribal youth in their traditional attire at their local village in Tinsukia district of Assam
The Tai Khmayang Tribal people performing a traditional dance at their local village in Tinsukia district
The Mysterious Lake of No Return where many communities of the Tai Khamyang people still reside
Tribal Homestay and Cottages of the Tai Khamti people at Ledo in Assam near the Dehing Patkai Mountain range
The Traditional Loom at the Tai Khamti Village at Ledo in Tinsukia District of Assam
The Tai Khamyang tribal ladies preparing the ‘Tupula Bhat’ – a local savory that is made of steamed rice wrapped on ‘Tokou’ leaves and further steamed to let the flavor of the leaves into the cooked rice
The Tai people of Asia are a sub-race of the Mongoloid stock of human race who are found to spread from the West Garo Hills of North East India to the Hanan islands of South China Sea, covering a vast area of seven countries namely Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Malaysia, Vietnam and China.
There are around 2 million people of Tai origin who live in North East India. Ahoms, a group of Tai people, came to Assam in the early 13th century, fighting their way to the Brahmaputra valley in 1228 following their Prince, Sukaphaa. Initially they spoke the Tai language and practised Buddhism as their faith. But after the first generation, the Ahoms married the local people, Borahi ( a tibeto-Burman ethnic group) & Moran, and they started adopting the Assamese language. Their Kings and higher officials converted to Hinduism.
Prince Sukaphaa established his first state in the kingdom of Assam in 1253. The Ahom people kept good records of their past in chronicles called Buranjis. Ahom is the largest group of Tai group in India, settled mainly in Assam.
There are also other groups of Tai people namely Khamti, Phake, Aiton, Turun and Khamyang who came to the valley at later periods than the Ahoms and made their settlement in various places of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East and be a part in Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Tai Tribe, Faneng Eco Village and Naharkatia, the State of Assam, Incredible India!
The tinsel town of Margherita is situated on the banks of the River Dehing, a tributary of the mighty Brahmaputra and is bordered by the evergreen mystique Patkai Range towards the eastern side. Since time immemorial this region is inhabited by both tribal and non tribal community living harmoniously with their unique cultural and traditional values.
The warm hospitality of the people and their mouth watering ethnic delicacies always offer a warm welcome to an outsider. The awesome landscape of this area painted with the lush green tea gardens along the road, the hillocks, the bountiful flora and fauna, the dark green forests, the streams, enchanting blue hills, flowing rivers, the mysterious clouds that bring rain to the valley, the rich bouquet of arts and cultures of the different community will never fail to beckon tourists to this beautiful area throughout the year. This valley has resources immersed in it that can enthrall an Ecotourist. It’s a futile attempt to narrate the beauty of Margherita in short because Margherita is a nature’s Paradise and one can certainly cherish the beauty of God’s creation in this heavenly abode.
Places of interest at/near Margherita are:
India’s only coal Museum at Margherita
The Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Heritage Park at Margherita
The Singpho Eco Tourist Lodge at Inthong Village
The Tea Gardens and Tea Factories at Margherita
The Legendary Oil town of Assam and Asia’s oldest Refinery at Digboi
The Stilwell Road at Ledo
Opencast Coal Mining at Tirap Colliery
Oldest operational Steam Locomotives at Tipong Colliery
The War Cemeteries of World War II at Digboi and Jairampur
The Ledo Airstrip Landing ground of World War II at Ledo
Indian Railway’s final frontier at Lekhapani
The Tribal Villages for ethnic cuisine and exclusive handicrafts and handlooms
The Lake of no Return at Jairampur
The Pansau Pass or the Hells Pass at Indo Myanmar Border
The Dibru Saikhowa National Park at Tinsukia
The Namdapha National Park at Arunachal Pradesh
Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to visit the Coal Queen of Assam – Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!
India North East has a vast Tourism potential and this can be seen once you travel across the remote places of the region. One perfect example of this is the Tai Phake Ecotourism Camp at Tipam near Dibrugarh, Assam. The state of Assam is the pride of the North East. A land of majestic landscapes and warm hearted people the beauty of this state can be quoted from the words of Swami Vivekananda “next only to Kashmir, Assam is the most beautiful place in India.”
It’s good to know that locals have realized the tourism potential of the state and are now initiating the up-liftment of Ecotourism sector in the state. The Tai-Phake community of Tipam Village without any form of help from the government has transformed the remote and jungle village into a spot of attraction for home and foreign tourists. The Tai Phake Tribal Community belong to the Tai-speaking tribal group living in Dibrugarh district and Tinsukia district of Assam, principally along the areas of Dihing river as well as adjacent parts of Lohit and Changlang districts in Arunachal Pradesh. The Tai Phake people were believed to have migrated from the Shan kingdom Mong Mao (Muang Mao), Myanmar in the 18th century and settled around the banks of River Dehing in the State of Assam.
Tipam, one of the seven Tai-Phake villages in Dibrugarh district situated Naharkatia has a large Buddha temple, Trekking, Fishing and River Boating facilities. Stay for tourists is arranged at the traditional Bamboo Cottages at the village which the villagers have constructed. There are provisions to accommodate a total of sixteen guests at the village. During their stay tourists are offered traditional cuisine that is served by the women folk of the village.
To reach the village you need to cross the dense forests of the Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary. If you are lucky you can spot majestic Animal species on your way. At the Tai Phake Eco Camp modern amenities are hard to find which is covered up by the love of the village folks. It would be worth mentioning that without visiting the village it cannot be imagined what is being done by these poor and remote villagers for the upliftment of ecotourism in the state.
Jungleideas welcomes you to the North East India to witness the tradition and culture of the Tai Phake tribes of Assam at the Tai Phake Ecotourism Camp, Naharkatia, the State of Assam, Incredible India.
India’s North East has a vast Tourism potential and this can be seen once you travel across the remote places of the region. One perfect example of this is the Faneng Village near Lekhapani, Assam. The state of Assam is the pride of the North East. A land of majestic landscapes and warm hearted people the beauty of this state can be quoted from the words of Swami Vivekananda “next only to Kashmir, Assam is the most beautiful place in India.”
Its good to know that locals have realized the tourism potential of the state and are now initiating the upliftment of eco-tourism sector in the state. The Tai-Phake community of Faneng Village without any form of help from the government has transformed the remote and jungle village into a spot of attraction for home and foreign tourists. Faneng, one of the seven Tai-Phake villages in Tinsukia district situated in the Tirap Mouza has a large Buddha temple, Trekking, Fishing and River Boating facilities. Stay for tourists is arranged at the tourist center at the village which the villagers have constructed. Its a majestic 158 square feet traditional center thats made up of bamboo and ‘tokou’ leaves. There are a total of six rooms to accomodate the guests. During their stay tourists are offered tradional cuisine thats served by the women folk of the village.
To reach the village you need to cross the Tirap River by a small country boat which marks the beginning of your adventure at Faneng. Modern amenities are hard to find which is covered up by the love of the village folk. There are no security problems for the tourists as the villager’s themselves provide security to them. It would be worth mentioning that without visiting the village it cannot be imagined what is being done by these poor and remote villagers for the upliftment of Ecotourism in the state.
Jungleideas welcomes you to witness Ecotourism in North East India at Faneng Village, the State of Assam, Incredible India!