Ziro Valley Apatani Tribes, Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, Shiva Lingam Ziro Valley, Zero Festival of Music, Dree Festival

The World’s tallest naturally formed ‘Shiva Lingam’ at the Land of the Legendary Apatani Tribes, Ziro Valley, the State of Arunachal Pradesh, Incredible India!

Situated at around 115 kms from the capital of Arunachal Pradesh, Itanagar is the small town of Ziro. Even though this town is far atop the hills but people from across the world know Ziro as the place the hosts India’s largest outdoor Music Festival – ‘the Ziro Festival of Music’. Although this may suggest Ziro as a modern place where the parties and festivities cease to come to an end but it’s completely the other way around. Ziro is a quaint and silent place that is home to the ‘Apatani’ tribe of Arunachal Pradesh. It is only during September when the festival is held you see people from across the world coming to dance to the tunes of the renowned artists both local and global to an atmosphere very similar to ‘Sunburn Festival’ across the various Tier I cities of India!

Ziro is primarily home to the ‘Apatani’ Tribal people of Arunachal Pradesh –friendly, simple and hospitable people with an interesting culture and legacy. They are a non-nomadic, agrarian tribe who share a responsible relationship with nature. ‘Apatani’ people cultivate permanent wet land cultivation instead of dry land cultivation which involves burning forests. Ziro valley is lush with paddy farms and is known for its unique paddy cum fish cultivation where using traditional irrigation methods, farmers rear fish in the knee-deep water. Keeping them company are the adorable, shy, and harmless Indian Bison. Around here, they are called ‘Mithun’ and considered auspicious and are very tasty too!

The largest naturally formed Shivling in the world has been discovered not quite long ago by the people of Arunachal Pradesh in here at Ziro Valley. The Archeological Survey of India(ASI) has made many visits there for observation and many devotees of Lord Shiva have been visiting this place in the recent months to have a view and worship this awesome Shiv Lingam.

A miraculous discovery of Shiva Lingam at the Sidheswar Nath Temple took place on the 1st fortnight of July’2004. According to the Hindu Calendar, it is the month of Shravana, a sacred month to worship Lord Shiva. A Nepalese, Mr. Prem Subha was cutting tree standing at the right of the Lingam. The tree was expected to fell just over it, fortunately, nothing harmed it and the tree landed a few meters away from the Lingam. He felt surprised over it and looked at the rising stone. Suddenly something struck in his mind and realized that it was not a mere stone. It stood clearly visible which appealed him to believe it as Shiva Lingam. Being fully inspired with his beliefs, he started telling the people all about what he had seen and what had happened.

The mystery of this Lingam in Ziro Valley has obviously mentioned in the SHIVAPURANA in 17th chapter of the ninth section (Nava Khand ke Satrahwa Adhyaya) edition 1893 that the tallest Shiva Lingam will appear at a place which will be called Lingalaya and the later the whole will be known as Arunachal.

Now it makes everyone belief about the reality of its appearance. There one can see not only the Lingam but also the image of Goddess Parvati and Lord Ganesha with trunk turning leftward. It is also said that the goddess of water, the Ganga lives with Lord Shiva. Therefore, the constant flow of water from the base of the Lingam can be clearly seen.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness an Epitome of Faith ~ the World’s tallest naturally formed Shiva Lingam in the Land of the Legendary Apatani Tribes, Ziro Valley, the State of Arunachal Pradesh, Incredible India!
To Plan your Visit to Ziro Valley visit: www.jungleideas.com
Ziro Valley Apatani Tribes, Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, Shiva Lingam Ziro Valley, Zero Festival of Music, Dree Festival
Welcome to the Sidheswar Nath Temple at Ziro Valley in Arunachal Pradesh

To Plan your Visit to Ziro Valley visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ziro Valley Apatani Tribes, Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, Shiva Lingam Ziro Valley, Zero Festival of Music, Dree Festival
The World’s Tallest Naturally formed Shiva Lingam at Ziro Valley

To Plan your Visit to Ziro Valley visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ziro Valley Apatani Tribes, Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, Shiva Lingam Ziro Valley, Zero Festival of Music, Dree Festival
The Shiva Lingam at the Sidheswar Nath Temple at Ziro Valley in Arunachal Pradesh

To Plan your Visit to Ziro Valley visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ziro Valley Apatani Tribes, Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, Shiva Lingam Ziro Valley, Zero Festival of Music, Dree Festival
The Tallest Naturally formed Shiva Lingam in the World at the Sidheswar Nath Temple in Ziro Valley

To Plan your Visit to Ziro Valley visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ziro Valley Apatani Tribes, Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, Shiva Lingam Ziro Valley, Zero Festival of Music, Dree Festival
View from atop the mountains of Arunachal Pradesh during the journey to Ziro Valley

To Plan your Visit to Ziro Valley visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ziro Valley Apatani Tribes, Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, Shiva Lingam Ziro Valley, Zero Festival of Music, Dree Festival
The lush greens of the Ziro Valley

To Plan your Visit to Ziro Valley visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ziro Valley Apatani Tribes, Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, Shiva Lingam Ziro Valley, Zero Festival of Music, Dree Festival
Traditional Apatani Tribal houses at Ziro Valley

To Plan your Visit to Ziro Valley visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ziro Valley Apatani Tribes, Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, Shiva Lingam Ziro Valley, Zero Festival of Music, Dree Festival
The trees planted by the Apatani Tribes during their arrival at Ziro Valley

To Plan your Visit to Ziro Valley visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ziro Valley Apatani Tribes, Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, Shiva Lingam Ziro Valley, Zero Festival of Music, Dree Festival
Rantu Pussa of Hari Rantu ~ Trees planted by the Apatani Tribes during ancient time to mark their voyage to Ziro Valley

To Plan your Visit to Ziro Valley visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ziro Valley Apatani Tribes, Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, Shiva Lingam Ziro Valley, Zero Festival of Music, Dree Festival
Traditional Apatani Tribal homes at Ziro Valley in Arunachal Pradesh

To Plan your Visit to Ziro Valley visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ziro Valley Apatani Tribes, Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, Shiva Lingam Ziro Valley, Zero Festival of Music, Dree Festival
The Agricultural grounds of the Apatani Tribes of Ziro Valley in Arunachal Pradesh

To Plan your Visit to Ziro Valley visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ziro Valley Apatani Tribes, Tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, Shiva Lingam Ziro Valley, Zero Festival of Music, Dree Festival
The Advanced Landing Grounds at Ziro Valley in Arunachal Pradesh

To Plan your Visit to Ziro Valley visit: www.jungleideas.com

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Festivals of North East India, Tribes and Festivals of North East India, Meghalaya Traditional Festivals, Tribes and their culture of North East India

Indigenous Festivals of North East India and their relevance to traditional Agrarian Practices – the States of Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland, Incredible India!

Most of the traditional festivals of North East India have close connection with agriculture as the people are mainly agriculturists. Farmers here practice two forms of agriculture: ‘Jhum’ cultivation (shifting cultivation) and Wet cultivation. As these agrarian practices are mostly dependent on sun and rain, a good shower and subsequent sunshine are very much necessary for a good harvest. And as per the religious traditions, the farming community believe in appeasing God to seek blessings for an excellent harvest. That’s the reason that these farmers either at their individual capacity or at a community level perform certain festivals twice a year – one at the beginning of the cultivation and the other at the time of harvest. These festivals call for  time of merry making where arrangements range from food, music, traditional liquor, dances, community festivals and much more. For many years these celebrations were within a closed community but since the recent time visitors are warmly welcomed into these celebrations where they get to experience the rich and varied culture and traditions of the people of North East India.

All the North Eastern States of India have mainly two type of population: Tribal and non-Tribal. Similarly, in the early days, the people followed two different religions: Hinduism and Naturalism. The population of the people practicing Naturalism were converted to Islam and Christianity during the rule of the Mughals and British in India. The celebrations now have two aspects: one where people perform the traditional rites and rituals as per their religion and the other that forms the part of merry making where they eat, sing and dance without ignoring the religious aspect of each of these festivals.

In the State of Arunachal Pradesh, the Monpas and Sherdukpens of Tawang and West Kameng are the followers of Buddhism. The festival of religious importance to these tribal communities is the Losar, the festival of the Tibetian  New Year, that is celebrated on a grand scale in the Second Largest Buddhist Monastery in the World at Tawang. The tribes of Adis, Aptanis, Bangnis, Nishis, Mishimis, Tangsas, etc. worship the Sun (Donyi-Polo) and the Moon (Abo-Tani). Similiarly the Noctes and Wanchos of the Tirap district and adjoining areas of Nagaland practice Vaishnavism. These religious festivals are celebrated on a Grand scale for thanking the Gods for their providence and Bumper crops. The festivities continue throughout the year with each tribal community celebrating at different months. Animal sacrifices, dancing and singing in accordance with their traditional form accompany each of these festivals.

Festival of Assam and North East India, Buddhist Temple and Monastery of Assam, Homestay and Cottages in Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India, Sustainable Tourism in Assam
The Losar Festival at the Tawang Second Largest Buddhist Monastery of the Monpa Buddhist People of Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh

The State of Meghalaya is predominated by tribal people with a majority of the population practicing Christianity as their religion. The major tribes i.e. the Khasis, the Jaintiyas and the Garos were originally matriarchal but now matrilineal. Their festivals still have many aspects of their traditional life. The Garos have their traditional harvest festival Wangala. The Khasis celebrate Shad Suk Mynsiem and Ka Pamblang Nongkrem. The Jaintiyas have their traditional festival of Ka Chad Chiphiah and Ka Behdeikhlam.

Festivals of North East India, Tribes and Festivals of North East India, Meghalaya Traditional Festivals, Tribes and their culture of North East India
The Wangala Festival of the Garos in Meghalya. Source: nelive.in

In the State of Nagaland, the various Naga Tribes, who now practice Christianity as their religion, still have most of their old festivals observed in accordance to the traditions of each tribe. They are very rich in their traditional dance, music and dress which are still maintained in their festivals. Of course, the religious rites and rituals have been presently changed due to their adoption of Christianity. The Nagas are generally known to have strong national feelings for which they have not given up their traditional behaviors and customs. The festivals like Sekernyi of the Angamis, Moatsu of the Aos, Aoing of the Kanyaks, Tulini of the Semas, Manyu of the Phoms, Amongmong of the Sangtam are principal traditional festivals have close connection with the traditional customs and folk beliefs. Here in Nagaland too, animal sacrifice, drinking and dancing form an integral part of their festivities.

Moatsu-Mon-Festival (1)
The Moatsu Mong Festival of The Ao Tribes of Nagaland. Source: nelive.in

The State of Assam (the Gateway to North East India) also celebrates many festivals in accordance to their traditional practices and beliefs. The most important festival of Assam is the Bihu, which is observed during harvesting once at the beginning of cultivation in the spring season and another during the growth of crops. The festivities at the Bihu are well connected with the festivals reflecting the link with agriculture. The Tribal People perform rites as per their system of nature Gods and Goddesses like the Sun, Moon, Rain, Water, etc. The Non-Tribals perform such religious rites and rituals relating to the Hindu Gods and Goddesses. The social part of each of these festivals is related with merry-making like singing, dancing and eating. The festivals of Assam have an impact from the practices of Vaishnavism,  Saktism and Tantraism.

Bihu celebration in Assam
The Colorful Bihu Dance (Dance of the Golden Silk) is performed during the festival of Bihu in Assam. Image Credits: RITU RAJ KONWAR

For more details on the Indigenous Festivals of North East India and their relevance to traditional Agrarian Practices please visit: Jungleideas

Reference: Souvenior Kamrupa Anusandhana Samiti (2012)

Festivals of North East India, Assam Tourism, Ecotourism in Assam, Margherita Coal Museum, Digboi Oil Museum

The Celebration of Triumph of Good over Evil – the ‘Durga Puja’ and its centenary celebrations at the India Club in the heart of the Coal Queen of Assam, Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

The Assam Railways and Trading Company Ltd., a pioneer in coal mining business in the North Eastern Region of India, initiated their business interests in this remote corner of the Country sometime during 1881 and people from different parts of India assembled at Margherita, the ‘Coal Queen’ of Assam to serve this British Company who started operation in this locality for exploration of coal and other forest products and this gave birth to a heterogeneous society.

The society though consisting of a handful of population considered themselves as members of the same family.

Inspired by the idea of introducing Durga Puja at Margherita, a few enthusiastic employees of the AR&T Company started this Puja sometime in the year 1909 at a Mandap near the AR&T Company LP School which became the grounds of the present day India Club.

Late Aswini Kumar Deb Roy who was one of the most influential personalities of that time took the initiative and continued with the responsibility for years for the celebration of Durga Puja here with Brojolal Banerjee, Upendrananth Das Gupta, Bhupati Chakraborty, Srish Chandra Das, G K Baruah and others.

Availability of priests to perform the Puja was a problem faced by the organizers and this was eradicated by bringing Sarada Mukhopadhayya and Rakhal Bhattacharjee particularly for this purpose. Mukhopadhaya and Bhattacharjee were engaged from the very inception and after they left, Durgadas Bhattacharjee took the responsibility.

To add to the Grandeur of the Puja and to attract people, amusement in the form of Dance and Cinema were arranged. Staging of dramas by the members of the India Club for all the three (3) days was a highlight of this puja and this continued till the early seventies.

In front of the general office of the AR&T Company, another Puja used to be performed which later amalgamated with the Sarbajanin Durga Puja in 1946. To accommodate people of all sentiments of the practice of goat sacrifices was abolished. But prior to that goats upto a limit of even 300 used to be sacrificed each day.

This festival of the Durga Puja that was started back in 1909 by a group of enthusiastic devotees has since then only grown in stature. With the passage of time this Puja has come to symbolize the true spirit of oneness and brotherhood. Although its grandeur has reached sublime heights over the years the spirit and essence of this Puja have retained the flavors of its inception.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness the Celebration of Triumph of Good over Evil – the ‘Durga Puja’ and its centenary celebrations at the India Club in the heart of the Coal Queen of Assam, Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

Festivals of North East India, Assam Tourism, Ecotourism in Assam, Margherita Coal Museum, Digboi Oil Museum
The Centenary Durga Puja Celebrations at the Coal Queen of Assam, Margherita
Festivals of North East India, Assam Tourism, Ecotourism in Assam, Margherita Coal Museum, Digboi Oil Museum
The Margherita India Club built in 1925 that hosts the Centenary Durga Puja Celebrations
Festivals of North East India, Assam Tourism, Ecotourism in Assam, Margherita Coal Museum, Digboi Oil Museum
The AR and T Company’s School established in 1938 that served host to the Durga Puja Celebrations

Traditions of Tribes of Assam and North East India, Ahom Tribe of Assam, The Chok Long Ahom Marriage custom, Ecotourism in Assam, Assam Cottage Homestays, Indigenous Traditional Festivals of Assam

Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Tai Ahom Tribes, Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

North East India is home to over 200 tribes. Each tribal community have their own distinct culture and traditions. They speak different languages, have different religious practices, wear clothes with distinct patterns and also have different ways of celebrating. These celebrations form a part of their festivals where these communities performs colorful dances, showcase their traditional cuisines and source of livelihood like their agrarian practices and their handlooms and handicrafts.

The Tai Ahom Tribal people are the descendants of the mighty Ahom Dynasty who ruled the kingdom of Assam for more than 600 years. Believed to have migrated from the Yunnan Province in Myanmar as early as in the early 1300’s ,  the Ahoms are the descendants of the ethnic Tai people that accompanied the Tai Prince ‘Sukaphaa’ into the Brahmaputra valley in 1228 and ruled the area for six centuries. Sukaphaa and his followers established the Ahom kingdom (1228–1826) and the Ahom dynasty ruled and expanded the kingdom until the British gained control of the region. The Ahom Kings were among the bravest rulers in the History of India. Although not spread across many books of History, but the Ahom Kingdom was the most feared dynasty in the eyes of the Mughal Kingdom who failed to defeat the Ahoms across many battles of history. One prominent name of the Tai Ahom kingdom whose name is mentioned across all the books of history in the State is of ‘Lachit Borphukan’ – the brave General of the Ahom Army who put forward his duties to his motherland before anything else. It is known that he beheaded his own Uncle for showing negligence towards his duties to his Motherland!

In the present day the Ahoms are found mostly in Upper Assam districts of Golaghat, Jorhat, Sibsagar, Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, Lakhimpur, Dhemaji. Tai Ahoms are also found in large numbers in Lohit District of Arunachal Pradesh. The Ahoms of present day form a part of the modern community of Assam and hold key positions across major Government organizations and business holdings. Their traditional practices of Ahom tribal community are still followed in certain distant villages of the Tinsukia district in Assam. One such practice is that of ‘Divination’ where the Ahoms still apply the method of ‘Geomancy’ i.e. casting of auguries with the aid of chicken’s thigh bone together with the hyoid apparatus (lin-kaii) of the fowl.

This practice is better known as the ‘Do-Kai’ (examination of the chicken’s bone). For this purpose, the Oracle thigh bone is prepared for the augury chicken (Kai-seng-moung) by killing it with a method call ‘Tham-kai’ (killing the chicken by casting a powerful spell). A pair of chicken bone of the same breed is chosen. The pair of divination fowl is then boiled and the thigh bones are cleared of the flesh. Small bamboo sticks are introduced in the holes of the oracle thigh bone. Then comparing the geometrical figures thus formed with those of the drawings of the astrological treatise called ‘Ban-seng’ predictions are made. ‘Ban-seng’ is actually making an appointment or fixing a date of religious function. Such religious practice of the Ahom community can be observed at the festival of ‘Me-Dam-Me-Phi’celebrated every year on January 31st, which is also a religious practice to show respect to the departed ancestors and remember their contribution to society.

Another celebration of noteworthy importance of the Ahom community is their practice of Marriage known as ‘Sok Long’, where marriages vows are taken across a hundred burning oil lamps and the bridegroom promises to keep his bride safe and happy throughout their life by holding a sword and swearing by the fire of the oil lamps!

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East and be a part in Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Tai Ahom Tribe, Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditions of Tribes of Assam and North East India, Ahom Tribe of Assam, The Chok Long Ahom Marriage custom, Ecotourism in Assam, Assam Cottage Homestays, Indigenous Traditional Festivals of Assam
The Traditional Religious festivals of the Ahom Tribe of Tinsukia district in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditions of Tribes of Assam and North East India, Ahom Tribe of Assam, The Chok Long Ahom Marriage custom, Ecotourism in Assam, Assam Cottage Homestays, Indigenous Traditional Festivals of Assam
The Do-Kai practice of the Ahom Tribe of Assam wher e Ban-Seng or predictions are made using the bones of chicken fowl

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditions of Tribes of Assam and North East India, Ahom Tribe of Assam, The Chok Long Ahom Marriage custom, Ecotourism in Assam, Assam Cottage Homestays, Indigenous Traditional Festivals of Assam
The Me-Dam-Me-Phi religious festival of the Ahom Tribe where the Ahom people remember their ancestors as a mark of gratitude for their contributions to the Society

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditions of Tribes of Assam and North East India, Ahom Tribe of Assam, The Chok Long Ahom Marriage custom, Ecotourism in Assam, Assam Cottage Homestays, Indigenous Traditional Festivals of Assam
The Ahom ‘Sok Long’ wedding ceremony where the Bride and the Groom take vows in front of the beautifully decorated array of Oil lamps to live together forever

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditions of Tribes of Assam and North East India, Ahom Tribe of Assam, The Chok Long Ahom Marriage custom, Ecotourism in Assam, Assam Cottage Homestays, Indigenous Traditional Festivals of Assam
The Head Priests of the Ahom Community – the ‘Bailungs’ who preside and organize the Ahom ‘Sok Long’ weddings across the State of Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditions of Tribes of Assam and North East India, Ahom Tribe of Assam, The Chok Long Ahom Marriage custom, Ecotourism in Assam, Assam Cottage Homestays, Indigenous Traditional Festivals of Assam
The end of the Ahom ‘Sok Long’ marriage ceremony is solemnized when the Groom has to hold a Sword and take his final vows to protect his bride across his life

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Ahom Tribe Assam, Ahom Kingdom Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Me Dam Me Phi Festival
The Religious ceremony at the Me Dam Me Phi Festival in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Ahom Tribe Assam, Ahom Kingdom Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Me Dam Me Phi Festival
The Religious Ceremony of Me Dam Me Phi where 101 Oil Lamps are burnt to begin the festival

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Ahom Tribe Assam, Ahom Kingdom Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Me Dam Me Phi Festival
The Local Ahom Tribal people of Margherita preparing meat for the festivity of Me Dam Me Phi at Margherita in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Ahom Tribe Assam, Ahom Kingdom Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Me Dam Me Phi Festival
Religious Ceremmony being arranged to mark the festival of Me Dam Me Phi at Margherita in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Ahom Tribe Assam, Ahom Kingdom Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Me Dam Me Phi Festival
The Priests performing the rituals to begin the celebrations of Me Dam Me Phi at Margherita in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Ahom Tribe Assam, Ahom Kingdom Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Me Dam Me Phi Festival
Religious Ceremony during the Me Dam Me Phi Festival of the Ahom tribes at Margherita in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Me Dam Me Phi, Ahom Tribe Assam, Awesome Assam Tourism
Ma Dem Me Phi ~ Jorhat ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Me Dam Me Phi, Ahom Tribe Assam, Awesome Assam Tourism
Ahom Tribes Paying Tribute to their ancestors on the occasion of the Ma Dem Me Phi ~ Jorhat ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Me Dam Me Phi, Ahom Tribe Assam, Awesome Assam Tourism
Ahom Tribe of Assam Paying Tribute to their ancestors on the occasion of the Ma Dem Me Phi ~ Jorhat ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Sonowal Kachari Tribes, Tinsukia District, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

North East India is home to over 200 tribes. Each tribal community have their own distinct culture and traditions. They speak different languages, have different religious practices, wear clothes with distinct patterns and also have different ways of celebrating. These celebrations form a part of their festivals where these communities performs colorful dances, showcase their traditional cuisines and source of livelihood like their agrarian practices and their handlooms and handicrafts.

It was during the reign of the Mighty Ahom Dynasty that the kingdom of Assam started flourishing and the knowledge of the wealth of Assam spread far across the world. During the reign of the Ahom king his Majesty Godadhar Singha, a certain population of his subjects were engaged in washing gold particles from the sands of rivers of the Assam. These people in due course of time came to be known across the State as ‘Sonowals’ (Gold washers). The term ‘Sonowal’ was added to their name to their name to signify them. Also, according to an another anecdote, the ‘Kacharis’ of upper Assam who became the disciple of ‘Gossian’ (a religious head) named ‘Kechaideo’ were considered to have super-natural power of offering a certain quantity of gold in a bamboo tube and hence these people came to be known as ‘Sonowal Kacharis’.

The Sonowal Kacharis today, are one of the indigenous ethnic group of the North East part of India. They form a branch of great Bodo-Kacharis, a major tribal community in Assam, and are also found in other states of Northeast India. They are predominantly inhabitants of the Dhemaji, Lakhimpur, Tinisukia and Dibrugarh districts of Assam. They are also scattered in the districts of Sibsagar, Jorhat, Golaghat and in the States of Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh.

One distinguishing factor of the Sonowal kachari Tribes is their knowledge about medicinal herbs. The Sonowal Kacharis are strong believers in traditional herbal medicine and do not advocate alternative forms of medicine such as allopathic, homeopathic and ayurvedic medicines. Through generations of testing herbs and plants, the knowledge of herbs and plants in their medicinal properties are established and passed down from generation to generation. Knowledge on effective medicines acquired by the tribal people through experience is usually passed on orally as a guarded secret of certain families. The Sonowal Kacharis believe that the secret of medicinal herbs and plants boils down to the knowledge withheld and passed down from their forefathers. As such, the secret of medicines are kept to retain the efficacy of these plants and herbs. Among the Sonowal Kacharis, there are a few herbal specialists or medicine-men, who are called ‘Bez’. The bez have a wide knowledge of the available herbs and their various medicinal use, and most of them are the elders of the community, as the younger generation of today are less interested in being such specialists.

The following of traditional practices are common across all households the Sonowal Kachari Tribes of Assam. As per their Mythological beliefs, the Sonowal Kachari believe that they were the descendants of great Bhaskar Varma, Narakasur, Ban, Bhagadutta, Hadimba, Ghototkach, Bhim, Prahlad and Bali. They worship lord Shiva and performs the Bhouwa dance in praise of Lord Shiva. This dance signifies the beginning of a new life, a clean society and the removing of bad omen.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East and be a part in Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Sonowal Kachari Tribe, Tinsukia District, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tour, Ecotourism in Assam and North East India, Tinsukia District tour of Assam, Cottages and Homestays in Assam
The Sonowal Kachari Tribal Lady at the Loom at a Sonowal Tribal Village in Tinsukia District

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tour, Ecotourism in Assam and North East India, Tinsukia District tour of Assam, Cottages and Homestays in Assam
Sonowal Kachari Tribal people in their Traditional Attire at their Traditioanl Village in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tour, Ecotourism in Assam and North East India, Tinsukia District tour of Assam, Cottages and Homestays in Assam
The Sonowal Kachari Strictly adhere to traditional customs and singing praises of the Lord are a common occurrence in every household

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

North East India Tour of Tribes, Assam Tribal Tour, Ecotourism in Assam and North East India, Tinsukia District tour of Assam, Cottages and Homestays in Assam
The Bhouwa Dance by the Sonowal JKacharis to praise Lord Shiva and mark a new phase in the beginning of their lives

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Assam Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages, Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Heritage Tea Bungalows of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North Eat India, festivals of Assam and North East india

Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Tea Garden Tribes, Tinsukia District, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

North East India is home to over 200 tribes. Each tribal community have their own distinct culture and traditions. They speak different languages, have different religious practices, wear clothes with distinct patterns and also have different ways of celebrating. These celebrations form a part of their festivals where these communities performs colorful dances, showcase their traditional cuisines and source of livelihood like their agrarian practices and their handlooms and handicrafts.

Have you ever wondered from where does the fresh cup of tea that you savor every the morning comes from? The answer ,without any doubt, that comes to your mind will be India! In India, tea is grown across several parts of the country across the East and South. But the best quality of tea is  grown at the tea gardens of the beautiful State of Assam. The State of Assam has been blessed with a vast reservoir of natural resources like Oil, Coal, Minerals, Timber, Bamboo, Tea, etc. It was because of this availability of resources that the British put every bit of effort to develop means to harness the economic potentials of these resources. One of the most important resources that has put Assam into the map of the World is the Assam Tea.

It was in 1839 that the British incorporated the Assam Tea Company that started the production of Assam Tea across the fertile plains of Upper Assam. To cater to the labor needs of the vast tea gardens the British colonial planters brought in many people from the Chhota Nagpur Plateau region to Assam during this period in multiple phases for the purpose of being employed in the tea gardens industry as laborers. These people in due course of time became a part of the Adivasi community of Assam and also started to be known as Tea Garden tribes locally. As the Tea plantations started growing across the State these people spread across and today they are found majorly in the districts of Kokrajhar, Udalguri,Sonitpur, Nagaon, Golaghat, Jorhat, Sivasagar, Dibrugarh, Tinsukia and almost all the districts of Assam in smaller numbers.

Known to be hard working workers, these people start their day as early as 4 AM in the morning when they head out to the nearby tea gardens and pluck the fresh tea leaves that are sent to the local factory for processing.

One prime characteristics across all the community members of the Tea Garden Tribes is their love for Music. Their music is usually collectively performed for a variety of occasions like weddings, festivals, arrival of seasons, ushering-in of new life, and harvests. The community is rich in a variety of music and dances. Through the folk music and dance, they try to convey their perspective on social issues and define their daily life styles and their history. In some dance forms, martial arts are displayed to convey their age-old rebellion against the British.

‘Jhumur dance’ is a famous folk dance form of the Adivasi community through which they are identified with in Assam. But they also possess other numerous dance forms like Santhali dance, Chhau dance, Karam naach, and Kharia dance which are performed during different occasions.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East and be a part in Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Tea Garden Tribe, Tinsukia District, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Assam Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages, Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Heritage Tea Bungalows of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North Eat India, festivals of Assam and North East india
The Tea Garden Tribal People in their Traditional Attire in the Local Village at Tinsukia District in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Assam Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages, Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Heritage Tea Bungalows of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North Eat India, festivals of Assam and North East india
The Tea Garden Tribal Community Of Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Assam Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages, Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Heritage Tea Bungalows of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North Eat India, festivals of Assam and North East india
The Jhumur Dance of the Local Tea Garden Tribes of Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Assam Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages, Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Heritage Tea Bungalows of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North Eat India, festivals of Assam and North East india
The Tea Garden Tribal people are expert hunters with the Bow and Arrow

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Assam Tea Gardens Tour, Tea Estate holidays in Assam, Assam Fine Tea, Fresh Tea in Assam, Coal Mining in Assam, Assam Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages
The Namdang Tea Estate is one of the oldest Tea Estates of Assam located in the proximity of the Namdang Underground coal mines of Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Assam Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages, Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Heritage Tea Bungalows of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North Eat India, festivals of Assam and North East india
The Majestic Tea Gardens near the Singpho Eco Lodge Homestay at Margherita – the ideal Ecotourism Homestay destination in Upper Assam of the Singpho Tribes

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Assam Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages, Tea Garden Tour of Assam, Heritage Tea Bungalows of Assam, Tribes of Assam and North Eat India, festivals of Assam and North East india
The Hardworking Tea Garden Worker Community who pluck fresh Tea leaves that produces the famous Assam CTC Tea

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam

Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Tai Phake Tribe, Faneng Village, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

North East India is home to over 200 tribes. Each tribal community have their own distinct culture and traditions. They speak different languages, have different religious practices, wear clothes with distinct patterns and also have different ways of celebrating. These celebrations form a part of their festivals where these communities performs colorful dances, showcase their traditional cuisines and source of livelihood like their agrarian practices and their handlooms and handicrafts.

The Tai Phake Tribal group belong to the better known Tai tribe of Assam and they inhabit the Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts of Assam and the Lohit district of Arunachal Pradesh in the north eastern most corner of India principally along the banks of the Dehing River that serves as a lifeline to the people of Upper Assam. Known to have migrated to Assam from the Shan Kingdom of Myanmar in the 18th century the Tai Phake people settled in the rich south bank of the Buridihing River, which came to be known as ‘Nam Phake’.

The Tai Phake tribal community ’til today rely on Agriculture as their primary occupation. They cultivate crops such as rice paddy, mustard, potatoes. Besides agriculture they also have other subsidiary sources of income from which the people earn good income. They also rear cattle, buffaloes. Fishing is a also major practice of the Tai Phake tribal people.

A special attraction of the Tai Phake Tribal villages are their traditional houses. The houses of the Tai Phakes are chang-ghars. Built on piles of wood above the ground locally known as “Haun Hang”. Materials is like takau (toko paat) leaves, timber and bamboos are used in the construction of their houses. There are two hearths in each house and the inside one is considered as sacred. Every house has a drawing room called “Kan Nok”, a prayer room called “Khok Tang-som” with a kitchen called “Haun Aom”. Each tribal home offers a traditional meal to a visitor at their village. This meals consist of cooked or steamed rice wrapped in banana leaves that known as “Khau How” and boiled vegetables. Moreover, many wild leafy vegetables such as “pukut”, “khi kai” etc. are also served. Beside this the meal also comprises meat, fish, eggs, steamed rice, dry fish, sour fish, dry meat, rice cakes. Also served regularly is the savory Assam Tea which is also the favorite beverage of the Tai Phake people.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East and be a part in Celebrating Indigenous people of the Legendary Tribes of North East India – the Tai Phake Tribe, Faneng Village, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Tour of Tribes of Assam

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
The Tai Phake Tribal people of Faneng Village in their Traditional attire in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
The Traditional Chang Ghar made out of Bamboo at Faneng Tai Phake Village in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
The Tai Phake Tribal Lady at the loom weaving out exclusive handloom fabric

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
The Bamboo Bridge on the River Buridihing serves as a mode of communication with the outside World at Faneng Village in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
The Traditional Tai Phake Village Homes at Faneng Village in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
Agriculture is still the primary occupation of Tai Phake tribal people of Faneng Village in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
The Tai Phake Elderly at Faneng Village in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
The Beutiful Countryside of Faneng Village in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India

Traditional Tribes of Assam, North East India Indigenous Tribes and Festivals, Ecotourism Homestays and Cottages in Assam, Assam Countryside life, Faneng Ecotourist Village, Tipong Colliery Assam
The Tai Phake Elderly in their traditional homes at Faneng Village in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Tribes of North East India