Agnigarh Fort Tezpur, Tawang Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Bomdilla Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Tawang Madhuri lake, Tezpur Town, Brahmaputra River

‘Agnigarh’ ~ the ‘Fortress of Fire’ amidst the ‘City of Blood’, Tezpur, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Agnigarh aka the Fortress of Fire is located is a hillock on the banks of the mighty River Brahmaputra at the city of Tezpur in the State of Assam. As per Hindu mythology, it is the site of the fortress which was built by ‘Banasura‘ to keep his daughter Usha in isolation. The name itself is derived from the words ‘Agni’ (meaning fire) and ‘Garh’ (meaning fortress or wall) in Sanskrit.

Legend has it that this fortress was surrounded by fire at all times so that nobody could go in or out of the perimeter without permission. Usha fell in love with Aniruddha in her dreams, not knowing who he was. Her companion Chitralekha identified him by painting his portrait from Usha’s description. Chitralekha was not only an artist but one vested with mystical powers. Anirudddha was Krishna’s grandson and Usha, the daughter of an Asura king, therefore was no way any side would consent to their love. She flew one night and brought Aniruddha to Usha’s place while he was still sleeping, using her powers. When Aniruddha opened his eyes and saw Usha, he fell in love immediately. However, Banasura was furious on knowing this, and tied him with snakes and imprisoned him. Lord Krishna, however had agreed for their marriage and had wanted for Banasura to consent for the same. Banasura was a great devotee of Lord Shiva, and as a boon had asked him and his entire family to guard the gates of his city, Tezpur. He therefore was not at all scared by Lord Krishna’s wrath. A war ensued between the Hari (Lord Krishna and his followers) and the Hars (Lord Shiva and his followers), rivers of blood flowed and the city was named Tezpur (City of Blood).

Both sides were nearly wiped out and a final battle followed between Lord Shiva and Lord Krishna, Lord Brahma requested both of them to stop the war by putting him between them. A discussion followed in which Lord Krishna made Lord Shiva see that Banasura was acting wrongly in imprisoning his grandson, and had even disrespected Lord Shiva himself in asking him and his family to be his gate keepers. Lord Shiva agreed, and Banasura was brought. Fearing his life he immediately agreed to the marriage.

The stone sculptures on the Agnigarh hill portray this entire picturesque story of love and great war.
Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to visit the ‘Agnigarh’ ~ the ‘Fortress of Fire’ amidst the ‘City of  Blood’, Tezpur, the State of Assam, Incredible India!
To Plan your Visit to the Agnigarh at Tezpur visit: www.jungleideas.com
Agnigarh Fort Tezpur, Tawang Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Bomdilla Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Tawang Madhuri lake, Tezpur Town, Brahmaputra River
the entry Gate to ‘Agnigarh’ ~ the Fortress of Fire at Tezpur in Assam

To Plan your Visit to the Agnigarh at Tezpur visit: www.jungleideas.com

Agnigarh Fort Tezpur, Tawang Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Bomdilla Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Tawang Madhuri lake, Tezpur Town, Brahmaputra River
Jungleideas welcomes you to the ‘Fortress of Fire’ ~ Agnigarh at Tezpur in Assam

To Plan your Visit to the Agnigarh at Tezpur visit: www.jungleideas.com

Agnigarh Fort Tezpur, Tawang Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Bomdilla Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Tawang Madhuri lake, Tezpur Town, Brahmaputra River
the Staircase that leads to the Agnigarh Fort at Tezpur in Assam

To Plan your Visit to the Agnigarh at Tezpur visit: www.jungleideas.com

Agnigarh Fort Tezpur, Tawang Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Bomdilla Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Tawang Madhuri lake, Tezpur Town, Brahmaputra River
The Statue of Lord Shiva kept at Agnigarh in Assam

To Plan your Visit to the Agnigarh at Tezpur visit: www.jungleideas.com

Agnigarh Fort Tezpur, Tawang Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Bomdilla Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Tawang Madhuri lake, Tezpur Town, Brahmaputra River
The statues depicting the Battle between Lord Shiva and Lord Krishna at Agnigarh in Assam

To Plan your Visit to the Agnigarh at Tezpur visit: www.jungleideas.com

Agnigarh Fort Tezpur, Tawang Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Bomdilla Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Tawang Madhuri lake, Tezpur Town, Brahmaputra River
The Usha Chitralekha Statue at the Agnigarh Fort at Tezpur in Assam

To Plan your Visit to the Agnigarh at Tezpur visit: www.jungleideas.com

Agnigarh Fort Tezpur, Tawang Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Bomdilla Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Tawang Madhuri lake, Tezpur Town, Brahmaputra River
The Stone Pillar at the Agnigarh at Tezpur in Assam

To Plan your Visit to the Agnigarh at Tezpur visit: www.jungleideas.com

Agnigarh Fort Tezpur, Tawang Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Bomdilla Monestary Arunachal Pradesh, Tawang Madhuri lake, Tezpur Town, Brahmaputra River
The majestic view of the mighty Brahmaputra River from the Agnigarh Fort at Tezpur in Assam

To Plan your Visit to the Agnigarh at Tezpur visit: www.jungleideas.com

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Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism

A tribute to the founder of the feared Ahom Dynasty ~ ‘Swargadeo Chaolung Sui-ka-Pha Samanway Kshetra’, Jorhat ‘Tea Capital of the World’, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

On your visit to Assam (or rather anywhere in the World) there will always be one question on your mind – ‘What are the unique things about this place’? And you will always seek to know the answer from a local, a person who has lived here across a major part of his life. You may get many different set of answers from these small sample size of people you will choose to select. Some of the answers will be the One Horned Rhino of Assam – an endangered animal species native to Assam, the Majuli River Island – the World’s Largest inhabited River Island, the Satras of Majuli – that preach Neo Vaishnavism as propagated by Srimanta Sankardeva and his disciples, the River Brahmaputra – the only male river that flows across Assam, the Dhola-Sadiya  Bridge – India’s longest Bridge, the Oil town of Digboi – the World’s oldest operational Oil well, etc. But one common answer across all these sets of answer will be the Ahom Kingdom of Sivasagar. The Kings of Assam who were so feared during their time that even the Mighty Mughals couldn’t defeat them at the time when they were ruling the whole of India! The Ahoms although known for their ferocity were also one of the most generous of all. Their grandeur in Architecture can be witnessed at the town of Sivasagar in Assam where the like of the ‘Talatal Ghar’, the ‘Kareng Ghar’ and the ‘Rang Ghar’ can be seen.

But as history has always narrated, no kingdom becomes great without mighty leaders. From Alexander in Greece to Akbar the Great in India, these able leaders created and expanded their empire into a Global one. Not was much different here too with the Ahom Dynasty. Created by one and the legacy carried on by the other made this dynasty one of the most feared and powerful in the country! Although there were many great leaders who played a major role in building the success of this Empire, one noteworthy to be mentioned is the founder of the Ahom Dynasty. He whose praise is sung even today and who will be remembered across the memoirs of the State of Assam always – Chaolung Sukhapa!

The name “Sukafa” brings a sense of pride in every Assamese individual’s heart. Chaolung Sukhapa was the first Ahom king in medieval Assam, & was the founder of the Ahom kingdom (which is famous for defeating the Mughal empire 17 times). As I recall, he was a Tai prince originally from Mong Mao, (now in Yunnan province in Peoples Republic of China). After spending 19 years as crown prince, Sukaphaa decided to leave Mong Mao. According to tradition, his grandmother advised him thus – “no two tigers live in the same jungle, no two kings sit on the same throne.” Accordingly Sukaphaa is said to have left Chieng-Sen the capital of Mong Mao in the year 1215 AD.

He was accompanied by three queens, two sons and a daughter; chiefs from five other dependent Mongs, members of the priestly class and soldiers—a total contingent of 9,000. Some commoners are recorded as having joined this core group on the way. He traveled a long distance & entered Assam in 1228 A.D. His  journey from Yunnan to Assam passed through many places like Myitkyina, Mogaung and the upper Irrawaddy river valley and  Patkai hills among many others. On his way he stopped at various places and crossed the Khamjang River to reach the Nangyang Lake where he fought and defeated the Nagas and reached the Brahmaputra valley in the early 13th century.  The kingdom he established there existed for nearly six hundred years and in the process unified the various tribal and non-tribal peoples of the region that left a deep impact on the region. In the quest of expanding his kingdom, he reached Namrup and constructed a bridge on the Sessa River, and went along the Burhi Dihing River in order to establish a colony for wet rice cultivation. After a substantial amount of time, when he couldn’t find a suitable land, he returned downstream to Tipam. In 1236, he left Tipam for Abhaypur and in the year 1240, the area was struck by flood, which made him move again down the Brahmaputra to Habung, which is present-day Dhakuakhana. In1244,he moved down the Brahmaputra to the Dikhowmukh, because Habung was also struck by flood, and then up the Dikhow river up to Ligirigaon. Finally, in the year 1253, the capital of Ahom Kingdom was established at Charaideo, which lies close to the present-day Sibasagar and eventually initiated the mission of building a state.In honour to his position, the term ‘Chaolung’ is generally associated with his name-Chao meaning lord & Lung meaning great.

Since 1996 December 2 has been celebrated in Assam as the Sukaphaa Divas, or Asom Divas (Assam Day), to commemorate the advent of the first king of the Ahom kingdom in Assam after his journey over the Patkai Hills. He is also known as the first Assamese.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness Architectural Grandeurs of the Ahom Dynasty and pay tribute to the founder of the feared Ahom Dynasty ~ ‘Swargadeo Chaolung Sui-ka-Pha Samanway Kshetra’, Sivasagar and Jorhat ‘Tea Capital of the World’, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The Entrance to the Swargadeo Chaolung Siu-Ka-Pha Samanway Kshetra at Jorhat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
Welcome to the Swargadeo Chaolung Siu-Ka-Pha Samanway Kshetra at Jorhat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The Samanway Kshetra of Swargadeo Chaolung Sukapha at Jorhat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The Statue of Chaolung Sukapha at the Samanway Kshetra at Jorhat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The Musuem that has ancient artifacts of the Ahom Dynasty at the Sui ka Pha Samanway Kshetra

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The founder of the Ahom Dynasty and the first Assamese – His Highness Cholung Sukhapa. Image Source: Wikipedia

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
Lachit Borphukan commanding the Ahom army during the Battle of Saraighat as depicted at the Saraighat War Memorial in Guwahati

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
Religious Ceremmony being arranged to mark the festival of Me Dam Me Phi at Margherita in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The Rang Ghar at Sivasagar is Asia’s First Amphitheater and an excellent example of the Architectural might of the Ahom Dynasty

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
Ancient Cannons of the Ahom Dynasty used in Warfare on display at the Talatal Ghar at Sivasagar in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
Majuli Traditional Masks kept at the home of Hem Chandra Goswami

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The Auniati Satra at Majuli River Island

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
Hem Chandra Goswami Mask Making specialist Majuli

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
Chaolung Sukapha Statue at the Samanway Kshetra at Jorhat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Chaolung Sukapha Ahom, Ahom Kingdom Sivasagar, Lachit Borphukan, Ahom Dynasty Assam, Majuli Island Assam, Jorhat Thengal Manor, Assam Tea Tourism
The Statue of Chaolung Sukapha at the Samanway Kshetra at Jorhat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit ~ Tour of Sivasagar and Majuli

Dr Bhupen Hazarika Assam, Tour of Assam, Assam Culture, Assam Traditions, Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park

‘Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Samadhikshetra’ ~ A Tribute to one of the Greatest Sons of Assam, Guwahati, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Listening to “Manuhe Manuhor Babe, Ganga, Amar Xomajor…” and a countless many brings a sense of nostalgia in every Assamese across the globe. These lyrics remind everyone about the taste of Assamese soil that they are associated with, no matter wherever they stay. And these words were written by none other than our very own and beloved Dr. Bhupen Hazarika, who perhaps was an individual whose essence and charisma gave Assam a worldwide recognition. A multifaceted genius, he was also a poet, music composer, singer, actor, journalist, author and film-maker of the very highest repute. He has been therefore, hailed as the uncrowned king of North-Eastern India’s cultural world.He was the face of Assamese music and literature scene for decades till he passed away on 5th November,2011.

His life in brief:

Bhupen Hazarika was the most well-known personality from Assam. He was born in 1926, in Sadiya, Assam & he held an M.A. degree in Political Science from Benaras Hindu University, and a PhD in Mass Communication from the Columbia University, New York, where he came in contact with,and was greatly influenced by, Paul Robeson. He recorded his first L.P at the age of 10 and acted in the second Assamese movie ‘Indramalati’ in 1939.

His Career in Music:

Bhupen Hazarika has composed music and sung for the highest number of Assamese films made in the past 4 decades. He has rendered music, written lyrics and sung for numerous Assamese movies like ‘Era Batar Sur’ in 1956, ‘Shakuntala’ in 1960, ‘Pratidhwani’ in 1964, ‘Lotighoti’ in 1967, ‘Chick Mick Bijuli’ in 1971, ‘Mon Projapati’ in 1978, ‘Swikarokti’ in 1986, ‘Siraj’ in 1988. He also directed, and composed music for Arunachal Pradesh’s first Hindi feature film in colour ‘Mera Dharam Meri Maa’ in 1977. He directed a colour documentary for the Arunachal Pradesh Government on Tribal folk songs and dances entitled ‘For Whom The Sun Shines’ in 1974.

Awards:

  • Dada Saheb Phalke Award, in 1994.
  • President’s National Award for the best filmmaker  for ‘Shakuntala’, ‘Pratidhwani’, and ‘Loti Ghoti’ in 1960, 1964 and 1967 respectively.
  • Arunachal Pradesh Government’s Gold Medal in 1977 for his outstanding contribution towards Tribal Welfare, and Upliftment of Tribal Culture through cinema and music.
  • Won the National Award as best music composer in India in 1977 for the Assamese film ‘Chameli Memsaab’.

Pan India accomplishments:

  • Has directed music in outstanding Bengali films, such as ‘Jiban Trishna’, ‘Jonakir Alo’, ‘Mahut Bandhure’, ‘Kari o Komal’, ‘Asamapta’, ‘Ekhane Pinjar’, ‘Dampati’, ‘Chameli Memsaab’, ‘Dui’, ‘Bechara’
  • Also composed many songs for hindi movies as well. His bollywood films include ‘Arop’, ‘Ek Pal’, and ‘Rudaali’starring Dimple Kapadia, Raj Babbar, Amjad Khan and Rakhi. He gave music for Sai Paranjype’s Hindi feature film ‘Papiha’ and Bimal Dutt’s Hindi feature film ‘Pratimurti’
  • He has composed music for Plus Channel’s Hindi feature film ‘mil Gayee Manzil Mujhe’ directed by Lekh Tandon starring Meenakshi Sheshadri in 1996. That very year he has also composed for Hindi feature film ‘Saaz’ directed by Sai Paranjype starring Shabana Azmi & Pan Pictures Hindi feature film ‘Darmiyaan’ starring Kiron Kher and Tabu directed and written by Kalpana Lajmi
  • In 1998 he has composed music for Hindi feature film ‘Gajagamini’ Written and Directed by eminent painter Mr. M. F. Hussain

Dr. Bhupen Hazarika’s eternal remains are buried at the memorial at Jalukbari near Guwahati in Assam. A calm and serene environment that has been converted to a Memorial Park recently and his soulful music plays across the gushing waters of the fountain that is located in the memorial in Assam.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to pay tribute to the one of the Greatest Son of Assam at the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Samadhikshetra, Guwahati, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

To know more visit: www.jungleideas.com

Dr Bhupen Hazarika Assam, Tour of Assam, Assam Culture, Assam Traditions, Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park
The Entrance to the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Samadhikshetra at Guwahati in Assam

To know more visit: www.jungleideas.com

Dr Bhupen Hazarika Assam, Tour of Assam, Assam Culture, Assam Traditions, Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park
The Statue of Dr. Bhupen Hazarika at the Samadhikshetra

To know more visit: www.jungleideas.com

Dr Bhupen Hazarika Assam, Tour of Assam, Assam Culture, Assam Traditions, Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park
The Fountain at the center of the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Samadhikshetra

To know more visit: www.jungleideas.com

Dr Bhupen Hazarika Assam, Tour of Assam, Assam Culture, Assam Traditions, Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park
A Tribute to one of the greatest son of Assam ~ Dr. Bhupen Hazarika

To know more visit: www.jungleideas.com

Dr Bhupen Hazarika Assam, Tour of Assam, Assam Culture, Assam Traditions, Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park
The Eternal remains of Dr. Bhupen Hazarika at the Samadhikshetra in Guwahati

To know more visit: www.jungleideas.com

Dr Bhupen Hazarika Assam, Tour of Assam, Assam Culture, Assam Traditions, Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park
The Entrance to the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Samadhikshetra at Guwahati in Assam

To know more visit: www.jungleideas.com

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Ahom Dynasty Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Talatal Ghar Sivasagar, Guwahati Assam

The Might of the Ahom Dynasty Engraved on Rocks ~ the ‘Kanai Barasi’ Rock Incriptions, North Guwahati, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

The Mighty Ahoms of Assam were well renowned for their bravery. The Ahoms were the only Ruling dynasty that didn’t fall to the Might of the Mughal Empire. They were dedicated to their Motherland to an extent that one of their General ‘Lachit Borphukan’ didn’t hesitate to behead his own Maternal Uncle due to his negligence towards his duties in protecting his Motherland. His statement on his action was ‘Dekhot ke Mumai dangor nohoi’ meaning ‘My Uncle is not greater than my Motherland’! This statement is still sworn in by the members of the Assamese community when it comes to protecting their Motherland from any foreign invaders.

The ‘Kanai Barasi’ Rock Incription site is located on the northern bank of the river Brahmaputra lying by the side of a motor able road at a distance of about twenty five kilometers from the campus of Guwahati University. The site lies on a low hillock on the bank of the river Brahmaputra with scattered pieces of boulders and a large block of rock surrounded by other smaller blocks.

This area appears to be of significant strategic importance as is revealed by three important rock inscriptions – all relating to military victories of regional powers over foreign invaders that attacked Assam from the west. While Rock Inscription No.1 belongs to 1206 CE, Rock Inscriptions Nos. 2 and 3 were issued in 1665 CE.

Rock Inscription 1 ~ This inscription records the destruction of the Turks who invaded Kamrupa in 1206 A.D.

Muhammad-Ibn-Bakhtiyar Khilji an intrepid and bold Turko-Afghan leader after conquering Bihar and Bengal invaded Assam with an Army of 12,000 horsemen in 1206. In Bihar he had destroyed the World famous Nalanda University and burnt its Library.

King Prithu of Kamrupa decided to lay an ambush near this site. The central arch of the the stone bridge on Barnadi was destroyed. All boats were removed. Prithu struck when the Turko-Afghan army was trying to cross the river. The invading army was decimated. Most of its soldiers and horses were drowned in the River. Bakhtiyar Khilji with a handful of horsemen escaped but was killed soon after. This account is given in Tabakat-i-Nasiri by a contemporary chronicler Minhajjudin Abu-Umar-i-Usman.

Ahom Dynasty Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Talatal Ghar Sivasagar, Guwahati Assam
Kanai Barasi Rock Inscription 1

 

Rock Inscription 2 ~ This inscription records that the Ministers Burah Gohain, Borphukan, Brahat Gohain Phukan and Dihingiya Sandikai Phukan of Swarganarayan Deo (Chakra Dhvaj Singha) caused the erection of a Rampart here in 1665 A.D. after having defeated and slain Syed Sana and Syed Firoz.

Rock Inscription 3 ~ This inscription records that the Ministers Burah Gohain, Borphukan, Brahat Gohain Phukan and Dihingiya Sandikai Phukan of Swarganarayan Deo (Chakra Dhvaj Singha) caused the erection of a Rampart here in 1667 A.D. 

Ahom Dynasty Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Talatal Ghar Sivasagar, Guwahati Assam
Kanai Barasi Rock Inscription 2 & 3

The total number of rock blocks with petroglyphic engravings recorded at the site are six. The largest of the block has a girth of 37.8 feet and the smallest one measures 4.5 feet in length and 1.3 meters in breadth. The petroglyphic engravings consist of labyrinth, chessboard, circle, animal like figure, man, man riding animal, circle in a square, linear markings, circle, demon, lady, indeterminate objects etc. Fine grained granite are found to be protruded out of the alluvial soil cover in the area. These fine grained granite had been used for engraving rock arts and inscriptions. In the vicinity on the bed of the river Brahmaputra, many similar granite bodies are found to be exposed. Ancient ruins of a temple of Pre-Ahom period are found on scattered around on the river bed.

The site is protected by the Assam state department of Archaeology and basically known for the four plates of medieval stone inscriptions.The inscriptions, drawings and other rock arts indicate a multi layered and discontinuous history.

A temple has been constructed very recently over a rock cut engraving of Ganesha and worshiped mainly by the local Assamese caste groups inhabiting the area nearby. Another rock cut engraving of female has been considered by the 6 local population as a female goddess and beginning to be worshiped. Further down the site on the bank of the river Brahmaputra few blocks of stone are scattered over an area which show some ancient activity of a riverine population.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness the The Might of the Ahom Dynasty Engraved on Rocks ~ the ‘Kanai Barasi’ Rock Incriptions, North Guwahati, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

To plan your visit to the Kanai Barasi Inscriptions visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ahom Dynasty Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Talatal Ghar Sivasagar, Guwahati Assam
The Kanai Barasi Stone Inscription no 3

To plan your visit to the Kanai Barasi Inscriptions visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ahom Dynasty Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Talatal Ghar Sivasagar, Guwahati Assam
The Ganesha Idol carved on Stone at the Kanai Barasi Site

To plan your visit to the Kanai Barasi Inscriptions visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ahom Dynasty Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Talatal Ghar Sivasagar, Guwahati Assam
The Kanai Barasi Stone Inscription details by Archeaological Survey of India

To plan your visit to the Kanai Barasi Inscriptions visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ahom Dynasty Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Talatal Ghar Sivasagar, Guwahati Assam
Details of The Kanai Barasi Stone Inscription no 2 and 3

To plan your visit to the Kanai Barasi Inscriptions visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ahom Dynasty Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Talatal Ghar Sivasagar, Guwahati Assam
The Kanai Barasi Stone Inscription no 1

To plan your visit to the Kanai Barasi Inscriptions visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ahom Dynasty Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Talatal Ghar Sivasagar, Guwahati Assam
The Kanai Barasi Stone Inscription no 1

To plan your visit to the Kanai Barasi Inscriptions visit: www.jungleideas.com

Ahom Dynasty Assam, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Talatal Ghar Sivasagar, Guwahati Assam
The Kanai Barasi Stone Inscription no 2

To plan your visit to the Kanai Barasi Inscriptions visit: www.jungleideas.com

Assam Tourism, Tour Operator Assam, Guwahati Tour Operator, Tinsukia Dibru Saikhowa National Park, Railway Museum at Tinsukia, Tinsukia Town in Assam

The Cluster of Nine Ponds as a symbol of Benevolence – the ‘Na-Pukhuri’, Tinsukia, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

During the journey across Assam spotting the exotic tourist spots and places of historical interest in the State one must halt at the Commercial Capital of Assam – the busy town of Tinsukia. Although a quick glance would seem it to be just like a normal modern day city; this place has been an important landmark in the history of Assam. Tinsukia was the capital of the one of the mighty empires of Assam after the Ahoms – the Muttack Kingdom founded by Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha. During his rule Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha instructed his Minister Gopinath Barbaruah to dig a triangular pond which later came to be known as Tinikunia (meaning Triangular) Pukhuri (meaning Pond).

It was in the year 1788 A.D. after the the ‘Moamaria’ uprising that ‘Mezera’ – the powerful leader pro-claiming independence established the Muttack Kingdom with its first capital at ‘Rongagara’ on the banks of the River Dibru and took the name of ‘Sarbananda Singha’. After three years of his reign in the year 1791 A.D. the capital was shifted to ‘Bengmora’ – the present Headquarter of the Tinsukia district. The area of the State was 1800 (Eighteen Hundred) Square Miles.

As a mark of his benevolence the Muttack King Sarbanada Singha had 24 tanks dug out at various places. The Na-Pukhuri (cluster of nine ponds) which was dug in 1792 A.D. is the largest among these tanks. Among these nine ponds, the one situated in the center is the most popular. This tank covers an area of around 11.75 acres and is filled with natural water, which is why it is also called a lake. The District administration of Tinsukia decided to develop this historical site into an amusement park and a tourist spot. A 400 m long tiled pathway and 1200 m of pucca jogging pathway has been constructed along with placement of a number of playing equipment. This park also has a triple cascade fountain in its central area. Remains of the construction from the late 1700’s by the Muttack Kingdom can also be seen here at the pond.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness the history of the bygone era at the Cluster of Nine Ponds as a symbol of Benevolence – the ‘Na-Pukhuri’, Tinsukia, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

Assam Tourism, Tour Operator Assam, Guwahati Tour Operator, Tinsukia Dibru Saikhowa National Park, Railway Museum at Tinsukia, Tinsukia Town in Assam
The Wide view of the Na-Pukhuri Lake at Tinsukia in Assam dug in the 1700’s

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

Assam Tourism, Tour Operator Assam, Guwahati Tour Operator, Tinsukia Dibru Saikhowa National Park, Railway Museum at Tinsukia, Tinsukia Town in Assam
Remains of the Construction of the Muttack Kingdom in the late 1700’s near the Na-Pukhuri premises at Tinsukia

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

Assam Tourism, Tour Operator Assam, Guwahati Tour Operator, Tinsukia Dibru Saikhowa National Park, Railway Museum at Tinsukia, Tinsukia Town in Assam
The History of the Na-Pukhuri Lake at Tinsukia in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

Assam Tourism, Tour Operator Assam, Guwahati Tour Operator, Tinsukia Dibru Saikhowa National Park, Railway Museum at Tinsukia, Tinsukia Town in Assam
Toy Train at the Children’s Park at the Na-Pukhuri Premises at Tinsukia in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

Assam Tourism, Tour Operator Assam, Guwahati Tour Operator, Tinsukia Dibru Saikhowa National Park, Railway Museum at Tinsukia, Tinsukia Town in Assam
The Beautiful Na-Pukuri lake at Tinsukia in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

Assam Tourism, Tour Operator Assam, Guwahati Tour Operator, Tinsukia Dibru Saikhowa National Park, Railway Museum at Tinsukia, Tinsukia Town in Assam
The Jogging pathway at the Na-Pukhuri Lake premises at Tinsukia in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

Rang Ghar, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Ahom Kings, Suikapha Ahom, Lachit Borphukan Ahom

Architectural Grandeur’s of the Ahom Dynasty – the Rang Ghar, Sivasagar, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

The Ahom Kings ruled the State of Assam for over 600 years. It was under their regime, Assam flourished with prosperity and to ensure they lived in the memoirs of the Assamese people forever the Ahom Kings constructed monuments of great Architectural Grandeur that continue to stand tall til today battling all odds against the wrath of Mother Nature.

Out of the many Grandeur’s built, another of the prominent one is the ‘Rang Ghar’ at Sivasagar. The Rang Ghar (the House of Entertainment) is a two-storied building situated in Sivasagar, once served as the royal sports-pavilion for Ahom kings and nobles – particularly during the Rongali Bihu festival (the Assamese New Year in the month of April) in the Ahom capital of Rangpur. It is said to be the oldest amphitheater in the whole of Asia and has often been referred to as the ‘Colosseum of the East‘. The Rang Ghar is situated to the northeast of the Talatal Ghar, in the Joysagar area of the Sibsagar district. This ancient amphitheater was constructed by the Ahom ruler Swargadeo Pramutta Singha in 1744-1750.

The Rang Ghar is made of brick and an indigenous type of cement (a mixture of Bora Chaul – a sticky variety of rice grain – eggs of hens, etc.), the same materials that were used for the construction of Kareng Ghar and Talatal Ghar. The materials used to build these monuments were of great quality and hence has been able to withstand all the natural calamities and sustain its existence for centuries.

It is 3 km away from the center of the Sivasagar Town by the side of the Assam Trunk Road. It lies to the northeast of the Rangpur Palace (a seven-storied royal complex comprising the Talatal Ghar and the Kareng Ghar.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness the Architectural Grandeur’s of the Ahom Dynasty – the Rang Ghar, Sivasagar, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Assam Sivasagr Monuments, the Ahom Dynasty Monuments, The Talatal Ghar at Sivasagar, the Karng ghar at Sivasagar, Assam Ecotourism homestay, Festivals of Assam and North East India, Sivasagar and Majuli in Assam
The Rang Ghar monument of the Ahom dynasty at sivasgar in assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Assam Sivasagr Monuments, the Ahom Dynasty Monuments, The Talatal Ghar at Sivasagar, the Karng ghar at Sivasagar, Assam Ecotourism homestay, Festivals of Assam and North East India, Sivasagar and Majuli in Assam
The Rang Ghar monument of the Ahom dynasty at sivasgar in assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Assam Sivasagr Monuments, the Ahom Dynasty Monuments, The Talatal Ghar at Sivasagar, the Karng ghar at Sivasagar, Assam Ecotourism homestay, Festivals of Assam and North East India, Sivasagar and Majuli in Assam
Bihu Dance performed at the Rang Ghar Grounds during bihu. Source: amrapaalimagazine.com

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Rang Ghar, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Ahom Kings, Suikapha Ahom, Lachit Borphukan Ahom

View of the Rang Ghar at Sivasagar in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Rang Ghar, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Ahom Kings, Suikapha Ahom, Lachit Borphukan Ahom
The Rang Ghar at Sivasagar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Rang Ghar, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Ahom Kings, Suikapha Ahom, Lachit Borphukan Ahom
A brief history of the Rang Ghar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Rang Ghar, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Ahom Kings, Suikapha Ahom, Lachit Borphukan Ahom
The Rang Ghar at Sivasagar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Rang Ghar, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Ahom Kings, Suikapha Ahom, Lachit Borphukan Ahom
The Side view that leads to the top of the Rang Ghar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Rang Ghar, Sivasagar Ahom Kingdom, Ahom Kings, Suikapha Ahom, Lachit Borphukan Ahom
Ancient Ahom Architecture Gate at the Joysagar Pond in Sivasagar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Architectural Monuments of Assam, The Ahom Dynasty of Sivasagar in Assam, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Assam Tea Sivasagar, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Kareng Ghar Sivasagar, Culture and Heritage of Assam, Festivals of Assam and North East India

Architectural Grandeur’s of the Ahom Dynasty – the Kareng Ghar and the Talatal Ghar, Sivasagar, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

The Ahom Kings ruled the State of Assam for over 600 years. It was under their regime, Assam flourished with prosperity and to ensure they lived in the memoirs of the Assamese people forever the Ahom Kings constructed monuments of great Architectural Grandeur that continue to stand tall til today battling all odds against the wrath of Mother Nature.

Out of the many Grandeur’s built, the most prominent are the Kareng Ghar and the Talatal Ghar at Sivasagar. The Kareng Ghar, also known as ‘the Garhgaon Palace’, is located at Garhgaon (15 kilometers) from present-day Sivasagar, in Upper Assam, India. The Kareng Ghar serves as one of the grandest examples of Ahom architecture to be ever built. The palace basically was made of wood and stones. In 1747 Pramatta Singha, son of Rudra Singha, constructed the brick wall of about 5 kilometers  in length surrounding the ‘Garhgaon Palace’ and the masonry gate leading to it.

The old palace was initially destroyed and it was rebuilt at around 1752 as the present seven-storied structure (also known as the Rongpur Palace) by Rajeswar Singha Suremphaa, (1751-1769). The initial construction was started by Swargadeo Rudra Singha in AD 1698. ‘Rongpur’ was the capital of the Ahom Kingdom and served as its military-station for a very long period of time. The palace was initially built for the purpose of serving as a military base for the Ahom kings.

The Talatal Ghar is a palace located in Rangpur, 4 km from the city of Sivasagar, in Upper Assam. It has two secret tunnels and many floors below ground level which were used by the Ahom kings and soldiers as exit routes during the wars.

The Talatal Ghar is not a usual kind of a monument. It speaks of Architectural Expertise of the people of Assam several hundred years ago. The Talatal and the Kareng Ghar together constitutes the Rongpur palace. One end of the Talatal Ghar was situated below the Kareng Ghar which helped the kings and the army to escape during the war times. After Swargadeo Rudra Singha’s death, the Talatal Ghar, went through many architectural alterations to its structure, which resulted in its irregular shape.

Swargadeo Rajeswar Singha added the three floors below ground, which make up the Talatal Ghar. This is made of brick and an indigenous type of cement (a mixture of Bora Chaul – a sticky variety of rice grain – eggs of hens, etc.). The Talatal Ghar had two secret underground tunnels. One, about 3 kilometres in length, connected the Talatal Ghar to the Dikhow River, while the other, 16 kilometres long, led to the Garhgaon Palace, and was used as an escape route in case of an enemy attack.

The two palaces, the Kareng Ghar and the Talatal Ghar as already mentioned, are connected through two tunnels to the Dikhow river which served as an exit route in case of enemy attacks. Though the section was blocked by East India Company, a part of it (the ground floor and certain sections of the upper floors) was later reopened for the tourists. The entire palace, with its various rooms, is interconnected by tiny passages. Built within the palace are an octagonal-shaped temple, three large chambers, a guard room and a hall with a huge courtyard having separate entrances.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness the Architectural Grandeur’s of the Ahom Dynasty – the Kareng Ghar and the Talatal Ghar, Sivasagar, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Architectural Monuments of Assam, The Ahom Dynasty of Sivasagar in Assam, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Assam Tea Sivasagar, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Kareng Ghar Sivasagar, Culture and Heritage of Assam, Festivals of Assam and North East India
The Kareng Ghar at Sivasagar is one of the best examples of Architectural Grandeur in Assam built by the Kings of the Ahom Dynasty of the Ahom Kingdom

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Architectural Monuments of Assam, The Ahom Dynasty of Sivasagar in Assam, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Assam Tea Sivasagar, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Kareng Ghar Sivasagar, Culture and Heritage of Assam, Festivals of Assam and North East India
Entrance of the Architectural Marvel of the Ahom Dynasty – the Talatal Ghar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Architectural Monuments of Assam, The Ahom Dynasty of Sivasagar in Assam, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Assam Tea Sivasagar, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Kareng Ghar Sivasagar, Culture and Heritage of Assam, Festivals of Assam and North East India
Ancient Canons used during War of the Ahom Kings of the Ahom Dynasty at Rongpur near Sivasagar in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Architectural Monuments of Assam, The Ahom Dynasty of Sivasagar in Assam, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Assam Tea Sivasagar, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Kareng Ghar Sivasagar, Culture and Heritage of Assam, Festivals of Assam and North East India
The Talatal Ghar Maze at Sivasagar in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Architectural Monuments of Assam, The Ahom Dynasty of Sivasagar in Assam, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Assam Tea Sivasagar, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Kareng Ghar Sivasagar, Culture and Heritage of Assam, Festivals of Assam and North East India
Ancient Canons used during War of the Ahom Kings of the Ahom Dynasty at Rongpur near Sivasagar in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Architectural Monuments of Assam, The Ahom Dynasty of Sivasagar in Assam, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Assam Tea Sivasagar, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Kareng Ghar Sivasagar, Culture and Heritage of Assam, Festivals of Assam and North East India
The Tall and Strong Artifacts of the Talatal Ghar at Sivasagar in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar

Architectural Monuments of Assam, The Ahom Dynasty of Sivasagar in Assam, Ecotourism Homestays in Assam, Assam Tea Sivasagar, Rang Ghar Sivasagar, Kareng Ghar Sivasagar, Culture and Heritage of Assam, Festivals of Assam and North East India
The Talatal Ghar is a an Architectural Marvel of the Ahom King Dynasty at Sivasagar in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Visit Kaziranga, Majuli & Sivasagar