National Park of Assam, Feral Horses Dibru Saikhowa National Park Assam, Tinsukia Tourism Destinations, White Winged Wood Duck Assam, Dibru Saikhowa, Sadiya Ghat, Dhola-Sadiya Bridge

Wildlife Wilderness aboard a River Cruise – the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, Tinsukia, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

The State of Assam in India is home to five (5) of the National Parks of India namely the the Kaziranga National Park, the Manas National Park, the Nameri National Park, the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park and the Orang National Park. There are also a total of fourteen (14) Wildlife Sanctuaries click here to see the list here. Each of these National Parks boasts of wide variety of Flora, Fauna and Avifauna. One horned Rhino of Assam, Royal Bengal Tiger, Hoolock Gibbon, Elephants, Capped Langur, Pig-tailed Macaque, Slow Loris and Rhesus Macaque, Leopard, Clouded leopard, Barking deer, Pygmy hog, Golden langur, etc. have made these National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries their home in the state of Assam. The bird species include the likes of Peafowl, Hornbill, Swamp partridge, Bengal florican, Kingfisher, Woodpecker, White-backed vulture, Slender-billed vulture, Partridge, Pheasant, etc.

Of the five (5) National Parks in Assam, the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is one of the best bio diversity spots of India. Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is known for its population of  White winged wood duck in its natural habitat and also for its bright colored wild horses known as Feral Horses that are descendants of the domestic horses that strayed, escaped, or were deliberately released into the wild and remained to survive and reproduce there. Famous across the United States as ‘Mustangs’, Australia as ‘Brumby’, ‘Misaki’ in Japan these horses are a prized breed to watch out for at Dibru-Saikhowa. Best to be spotted during the monsoon season of Assam lasting from July through September, the Dibru Saikhowa National Park becomes a wild haven for all nature enthusiasts during that time. Generally across Assam, most of the other National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries close for public viewing during the monsoon season as these National Parks and Sanctuaries get flood. The Dibru Saikhowa National Park is the only National Park which remains open during the season offering its viewers an Exotic journey across the blooming orchid fields of the National Park. The tour is arranged on House Boats that take you on a journey of a lifetime spotting the varied Flora and Fauna of the Dibru Saikhowa National Park. Onboard kitchen facilities across these Houseboats ensure all your meal needs are taken care of. This experience on cruising across the waters of the Brahmaputra at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park is at par with the experience of cruising on houseboats on the back waters of Kerala.

The Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is situated in the floodplains of the mighty Brahmaputra river. It consists of semi wet evergreen forests, tropical moist deciduous forest, bamboo, cane brakes and grasslands and is just the place for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers with its breathtaking natural beauty and diverse flora and fauna. Although this National Park was primarily meant for the conservation of White winged wood duck in its natural habitat other endangered animals of this park are Hoolock gibbon, Capped langur, Slow loris, Water buffalo, Tiger, Elephant, Gangetic river dolphin, etc.

The Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is a bird watcher’s paradise with over 300 species of birds. Greater Adjutant Stork, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Griffon Vulture, Osprey, Crested Serpent Eagle,Spot Billed Pelican, White Winged Duck, Baer’s Pochard, Greater Spotted Eagle, Bengal Florican, Pale Capped Pigeon, Great Pied Hornbill, March Babbler, Jerdon’s Babbler, Black Breasted Parrotbill and many other birds can be spotted at the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.

The Om House Boat services at the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is perhaps the only service in India that allows the visitors to admire the grandeur of the flora and fauna of the National Park aboard a river cruise. Visitors can wish to chose to take a day safari (recommended) as well as a night safari on this cruise to sight the exotic Fauna and Avi-Fauna species at Dibru-Saikhowa. In addition to the Om House Boat, there are also other House Boat services at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park. For individuals and families with a small group can also hire smaller boats at Dibru Saikhowa to take a tour of the National Park. For visitors choosing to halt at Dibru Saikhowa National Park there are a few eco resorts at the vicinity of the National Park. The most prominent being the Banashree Eco Resort at Dibru Saikhowa National Park. Among the first Eco resorts of Assam, the Banashree Eco Resort provides its visitors a unique ecotourism experience. The founders of this resort are among the pioneers of tourism in Assam and also have camping properties at Roing in Arunachal Pradesh.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness Wildlife Wilderness aboard a River Cruise – the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, Tinsukia, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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The Ruddy Shelduck bird species at Dibru Saikhowa National Park

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Feral Horses at the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park in Assam

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The Om House Boat that offers a full day river cruise across the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park at Tinsukia in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Villagers offers you boat rides to view the majestic Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Eco Cottages at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park for your comfortable stay here

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Eco Camps at the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Map of the Dibru-Saikhowa biosphere reserve

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Water Buffaloes at the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Fishing a common occupation of the villagers residing near the Dibru Saikhowa National Park

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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The Banashree Eco Resort at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Cottages at the Banashree Eco Resort at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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The Royal Princess House Boat at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Inside Rooms of the Royal Princess House Boat at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Dining Hall of the Royal Princess House Boat at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

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Inside Bathrooms of the Royal Princess House Boat at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Feral Horses at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Feral Horses at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Sunset by the Brahmaputra River at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Ferns across the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Boat rides offered by villagers at the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Fishing Boats at the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Our visitors at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Local Fisherman fishing at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Local Fisherman at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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The very old banyan tree at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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The very old banyan tree at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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The age old banyan tree at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Countryside view at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Majestic skyview at Maguri Beel near the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Traditional fishing at Maguri Beel near the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Ruddy Shelduck Birds flight at Maguri Beel near the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Ruddy Shelduck Birds flight at Maguri Beel near the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Birds flight at Maguri Beel near the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Egret Birds at Maguri Beel near the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Drenko Birds at Maguri Beel near Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Purple Swamphen Birds at Maguri Beel near Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Ruddy Shelduck Flight at the Dibru Saikhowa National Park ~ Tinsukia ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Wildlife Wilderness at Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

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Assam Tourism, Tour Operator Assam, Guwahati Tour Operator, Tinsukia Dibru Saikhowa National Park, Railway Museum at Tinsukia, Tinsukia Town in Assam

The Cluster of Nine Ponds as a symbol of Benevolence – the ‘Na-Pukhuri’, Tinsukia, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

During the journey across Assam spotting the exotic tourist spots and places of historical interest in the State one must halt at the Commercial Capital of Assam – the busy town of Tinsukia. Although a quick glance would seem it to be just like a normal modern day city; this place has been an important landmark in the history of Assam. Tinsukia was the capital of the one of the mighty empires of Assam after the Ahoms – the Muttack Kingdom founded by Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha. During his rule Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha instructed his Minister Gopinath Barbaruah to dig a triangular pond which later came to be known as Tinikunia (meaning Triangular) Pukhuri (meaning Pond).

It was in the year 1788 A.D. after the the ‘Moamaria’ uprising that ‘Mezera’ – the powerful leader pro-claiming independence established the Muttack Kingdom with its first capital at ‘Rongagara’ on the banks of the River Dibru and took the name of ‘Sarbananda Singha’. After three years of his reign in the year 1791 A.D. the capital was shifted to ‘Bengmora’ – the present Headquarter of the Tinsukia district. The area of the State was 1800 (Eighteen Hundred) Square Miles.

As a mark of his benevolence the Muttack King Sarbanada Singha had 24 tanks dug out at various places. The Na-Pukhuri (cluster of nine ponds) which was dug in 1792 A.D. is the largest among these tanks. Among these nine ponds, the one situated in the center is the most popular. This tank covers an area of around 11.75 acres and is filled with natural water, which is why it is also called a lake. The District administration of Tinsukia decided to develop this historical site into an amusement park and a tourist spot. A 400 m long tiled pathway and 1200 m of pucca jogging pathway has been constructed along with placement of a number of playing equipment. This park also has a triple cascade fountain in its central area. Remains of the construction from the late 1700’s by the Muttack Kingdom can also be seen here at the pond.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness the history of the bygone era at the Cluster of Nine Ponds as a symbol of Benevolence – the ‘Na-Pukhuri’, Tinsukia, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

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The Wide view of the Na-Pukhuri Lake at Tinsukia in Assam dug in the 1700’s

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

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Remains of the Construction of the Muttack Kingdom in the late 1700’s near the Na-Pukhuri premises at Tinsukia

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

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The History of the Na-Pukhuri Lake at Tinsukia in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

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Toy Train at the Children’s Park at the Na-Pukhuri Premises at Tinsukia in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

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The Beautiful Na-Pukuri lake at Tinsukia in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

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The Jogging pathway at the Na-Pukhuri Lake premises at Tinsukia in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

The Longest Bridge in India – the ‘Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge’ aka the ‘Dhola-Sadiya’ Bridge on the River Brahmaputra, Sadiya Ghat, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

The State of Assam is the central state in the North-East Region of India and serves as the gateway to North East India and is a jewel in the crown of the Seven Sister States. The land of red river, blue hills & lush green tea gardens, Assam comprises of three main geographical areas: the Brahmaputra Valley, the Barak Valley and the intervening Karbi Plateau and North Cachar Hills. Famous for its freshening world class tea, the Muga (Golden) and Eri (Ahimsa) silk, Natural resources like Coal, Petroleum products and minerals, Assam can truly be described as a state bestowed with breathtaking natural beauty, vast reserves of natural resources and a rich bio diversity.

But for some reasons this State had been ignored by the Republic of India as has been the other States of North East India since India’s Independence. Lack of Industries, jobs for the youth, no proper infrastructure and many other reasons have not allowed this State to be able to compete with the other developed States of India. But with recent movements of neighboring countries along the International borders near the State of Arunachal Pradesh has changed the attitude of the Government in India and major initiatives have been taken up to improve the Infrastructure of the State to facilitate the movement of people along the States of North East India and the troops of the Indian Military along the International Borders.

One example of this initiative to improve the Infrastructure in North East India is the ‘Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge’ aka ‘Dhola-Sadiya’ Bridge on the River Brahmaputra. About an hours drive by road from the commercial capital of Assam at Tinsukia will lead you to a small town of Dholla in the extreme North Eastern part of India. This is where a bridge of Strategic National Security Interest – the ‘Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge’ aka the ‘Dhola-Sadiya’ bridge is located. Scheduled to be operational on May 26th 2017 (to be inaugurated by the Hon. Prime Minister of India Mr. Narendra Modi) this bridge will connect the State of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh cutting down the travel time across these States by four (4) hours. Standing tall and long at 9.15 kilometers (5.69 miles) in length this bridge will also help the people of Assam and Arunchal Pradesh to move freely across the mighty River Brahmaputra thereby leading to a gradual improvement of a much needed trade route. The Sadiya Ghat (Sadiya Port) as the locals call it, at present serves as the only means of communication across these States where Steamers ferry passengers and transport across the River Brahmaputra. The Brahmaputra known for its peril of causing immense destruction across the State of Assam by flooding its waters during monsoon brings this transport means to a complete halt thereby depriving people of getting access to their basic amnesties during the rainy season. This bridge will prove as a savior to all and bring back the State of Assam as well as the other States of North East India on the Indian map as a place of prime National Interest!

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness the Grandeur of the Longest Bridge in India – the ‘Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge’ aka the ‘Dhola-Sadiya Bridge ‘ on the River Brahmaputra, Sadiya Ghat, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

PS: IMAGES SUBJECTED TO COPYRIGHT. PLEASE REFRAIN FROM COPYING. FOR USE KINDLY PROVIDE IMAGE CREDITS. 

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

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The side view of the Longest Bridge in India – the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka Dhola-Sadiya Bridge on the mighty river Brahmaputra at Sadiya in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

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Aerial view of the Longest Bridge in India – the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola-Sadiya Bridge on the mighty river Brahmaputra at Sadiya in Assam. Image Credits ~ Tridib Konwar

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

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Steamers that ferry passengers and cars across the mighty Brahmaputra at the Sadiya Ghat near the Longest Bridge in India – the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola Sadiya Bridge at Sadia Ghat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

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Beautiful view of the Longest Bridge in India – the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola Sadiya Bridge on the River Brahmaputra from the Sadiya Ghat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

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The Longest Bridge in India ~ the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola Sadiya Bridge on River Brahmaputra

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

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India’s Longest Bridge in Assam ~ the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola-Sadiya Bridge ~ Dhola Ghat ~ Assam ~ India. Credits ~ Rajib Saikia

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

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Steamers ferrying passengers and cars across the mighty Brahmaputra at the Sadiya Ghat near the Longest Bridge in India – the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola Sadiya Bridge at Sadia Ghat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

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Pilot of the Steamers that ferry passengers and card across the mighty Brahmaputra at the Sadiya Ghat near the Longest Bridge in India – the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola Sadiya Bridge at Sadia Ghat in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

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Under Construction and scheduled to be operational in 2018, the Bogibeel Bridge at Dibrugarh will be India’s Longest Rail cum Road Bridge. Image Credits: Mr. Rajib Saikia

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

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View of Lush Tea Gardens on your journey to Dhola Ghat to view the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola Sadiya Bridge

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

Longest Bridges India, River Brahmaputra Upper Assam, River Lohit Arunachal And Assam, Sadiya Steamer Ghat Assam
Road to the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola Sadiya Bridge

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

Longest Bridges India, River Brahmaputra Upper Assam, River Lohit Arunachal And Assam, Sadiya Steamer Ghat Assam
The Samdang Tea Estate

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

Longest Bridges India, River Brahmaputra Upper Assam, River Lohit Arunachal And Assam, Sadiya Steamer Ghat Assam

BRO directions to Tezu and Parashuram Kund in Arunachal Pradesh

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

Longest Bridges India, River Brahmaputra Upper Assam, River Lohit Arunachal And Assam, Sadiya Steamer Ghat Assam
View of Lush Tea Gardens on your journey to Dhola Ghat to view the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola Sadiya Bridge

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

Dhola Sadiya Bridge, Sadiya Dhola Bridge, Assam Dhola Sadiya Bridge, Longest Bridge India River Brahmaputra

Bogibeel Bridge Dibrugarh. Credits: Vikramjit Kakati

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

Dhola Sadiya Bridge, Sadiya Dhola Bridge, Assam Dhola Sadiya Bridge, Longest Bridge India River Brahmaputra

The Bridge of Dr. Bhupen Hazarika aka the ‘Dhola-Sadiya’ on the Mighty Brahmaputra

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

Dhola Sadiya Bridge, Sadiya Dhola Bridge, Assam Dhola Sadiya Bridge, Longest Bridge India River Brahmaputra
The Bridge of ‘Dhola-Sadiya’ on the Mighty Brahmaputra. Image Credits: Subhajit Karmakar

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

 

Dhola Sadiya Bridge, Sadiya Tourist Spots, Awesome Assam, Assam Tourism

Beautiful View of the Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola-Sadiya Bridge on the River Brahmaputra. Image Credits: Rajib Saikia

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

Dhola Sadiya Bridge, Longest Bridge India, Bogibeel Bridge, Assam Tourism
India’s Longest Bridge in Assam ~ Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola-Sadiya Bridge ~ Dhola Ghat ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

Dhola Sadiya Bridge, Longest Bridge India, Bogibeel Bridge, Assam Tourism
India’s Longest Bridge in Assam ~ Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola-Sadiya Bridge ~ Dhola Ghat ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

Dhola Sadiya Bridge, Longest Bridge India, Bogibeel Bridge, Assam Tourism
India’s Longest Bridge in Assam ~ Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola-Sadiya Bridge ~ Dhola Ghat ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

Dhola Sadiya Bridge, Longest Bridge India, Bogibeel Bridge, Assam Tourism
India’s Longest Bridge in Assam ~ Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola-Sadiya Bridge ~ Dhola Ghat ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

Dhola Sadiya Bridge, Longest Bridge India, Bogibeel Bridge, Assam Tourism
India’s Longest Bridge in Assam ~ Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola-Sadiya Bridge ~ Dhola Ghat ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

Dhola Sadiya Bridge, Longest Bridge India, Bogibeel Bridge, Assam Tourism
India’s Longest Bridge in Assam ~ Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Bridge aka the Dhola-Sadiya Bridge ~ Dhola Ghat ~ Assam ~ India

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

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 Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Simply on a Vacation

The Capital of the Muttack Kingdom and the present Commercial Capital of Assam – Tinsukia, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Many of our readers might have heard about the State of Assam in India and some might have even visited to sight the pride of Assam at Kaziranga – the ‘One Horned Rhinoceros of Assam’. It is no doubt that people would carry back one memoir from Assam that this is indeed a beautiful State! It is our quest to bring forth to the World that Assam’s beauty is not only limited to Kaziranga and the spectacular drive from Guwahati to it. Our State has many a story to narrate to showcase its rich culture and history. From the legends of the Kamakhya Temple to the Architectural Marvels of the Ahom Dynasty at Sivasagar. From the finest Tea Estates in the World to the its history in playing a pivotal role in the victory of the Allied Forces in World War II at the Stilwell Road. From the Grandeur of its five (5) exotic National Parks to the Rich Cultural Heritage of the World’s Largest Inhabited River Island at Majuli. From the Silk Town (Manchester of the East) of the World at Suwalkuchi to the World’s smallest river Island at Umananda. From Asia’s Oldest Refinery and Plywood Factory at Digboi to India’s largest Road Bridge and Road cum Railway Bridge at Sadiya and Dibrugarh. From the always welcoming Tribes of Assam to the perfect Ecotourism Getaways and Tribal Cottages, the journey across this State will indeed leave any visitor mesmerized and not to forget, we at Jungleideas will ensure to adopt all possible measures for your visit here to be the most memorable experience of your lifetime!

During your journey across Assam one must halt is at the Commercial Capital of Assam – the busy town of Tinsukia. Although a quick glance would seem it to be just like a normal modern day city; this place has been an important landmark in the history of Assam. Tinsukia was the capital of the one of the mighty empires of Assam after the Ahoms – the Muttack Kingdom founded by Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha. During his rule Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha instructed his Minister Gopinath Barbaruah to dig a triangular pond which later came to be known as Tinikunia (meaning Triangular) Pukhuri (meaning Pond). In the year 1884, a Railway station was constructed near this pond, when the historic Dibru-Sadiya Rail line was laid by the Assam Railways and Trading Company (AR&T) Limited during the British Raj. This Station was named as Tinsukia and since then this has been known as Tinsukia. The railway junction at the Tinsukia Station is the largest in North East India. Tinsukia proves to be an important connecting point on your journey to Digboi (Oil town of Assam), Sadya (India’s Longest Bridge), Margherita (the Coal Queen of Assam), Stilwell Road and the State of Arunachal Pradesh (the Namdapha National Park and the Pansau Pass).

Places of interest in and around Tinsukia and its onward journeys are:

  • Railway Heritage Park and Museum – Highlights the history of the Dibru Sadiya Railway and displays the Steam Engines that built the World’s Second Largest Rail Network operated under a single management – the Indian Railways
  • The Dhola Sadiya Bridge – At a length of 9.15 kilometers the Dhola-Sadiya Bridge at Sadiya Ghat is the Longest Bridge in India!
  • The National Park of Dibru-Saikhowa – known for its population of White winged wood duck in its natural habitat and also for its bright colored wild horses known as Feral Horses. The only National Park of Assam that offers a River Cruise to view its Grandeur.
  • Borajan Wildlife Sanctuary – Some rare and endangered animals of this sanctuary are Hoolock Gibbon, Capped Langur, Slow Loris, Water Buffaloes, Gangetic river dolphin, etc.
  • Wathai Heritage Tea Bungalow – An imperial Bungalow of the British Era built around the majestic Tea Gardens of Assam
  • The Tilinga Mandir or the Bell Temple at Bordubi
  • The Nao Pukhuri dug during the rule of King Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha in 1791
  • Legendary Oil Town of Digboi – Home to Asia’s Oldest Refinery and the World’s Oldest Operational Oil Well. The World War II cemetery built and maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Mission is also at Digboi. Digboi also one of the best golf courses in India and many colonial Bungalows of the British Era.
  • Coal Queen of Assam ‘Margherita’ – Margherita has some of the oldest coal mines in the World. India’s only Coal Museum and Asia’s oldest Plywood Factory is located here. Margherita is home to some of the Oldest and Legendary Tribes of North East India. The Singpho Eco Lodge here is one of the best destinations in North East India to experience Ecotourism with the Singpho Tribes. The Ketetong Village here is home to many other principal tribes of North East India. An important trade center of the British Era this place has many Heritage British Bungalows at the nearby Tea gardens and Coal India Limited. Some of the Oldest Operational Steam Locomotives in the World of the likes of David, 796, John etc. are stationed at the Tipong Colliery. Remains of one of the best American Military Hospitals i.e. the 20th General Hospital is located at Margherita
  • Namdapha National Park – Located at Deban in Arunachal Pradesh, the Namdapha National Park is the third (3rd) largest National Park in India and is home to the Big Four Cat Species of the likes of Snow leopards, Clouded leopards, Common leopards and Tigers
  • Digboi Golf Course – One of the finest in India
  • Ledo Club – the Office of the First Governor General of India Lord Mountbatten and the place where the Notorious Dictator of Uganda Idi Amin served as a butler during the Burma Campaign of World War II
  • The 20th General Hospital at Magherita – One of the Finest of the American Army
  • The Historic Stilwell Road built by the American Army during World War II
  • The Lake of No Return and the Pangsau Pass aka the Hell’s Pass

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to visit the Capital of the Muttack Kingdom and the present Commercial Capital of Assam – Tinsukia, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

Festivals of North East India, Tribes and Festivals of North East India, Meghalaya Traditional Festivals, Tribes and their culture of North East India

Indigenous Festivals of North East India and their relevance to traditional Agrarian Practices – the States of Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland, Incredible India!

Most of the traditional festivals of North East India have close connection with agriculture as the people are mainly agriculturists. Farmers here practice two forms of agriculture: ‘Jhum’ cultivation (shifting cultivation) and Wet cultivation. As these agrarian practices are mostly dependent on sun and rain, a good shower and subsequent sunshine are very much necessary for a good harvest. And as per the religious traditions, the farming community believe in appeasing God to seek blessings for an excellent harvest. That’s the reason that these farmers either at their individual capacity or at a community level perform certain festivals twice a year – one at the beginning of the cultivation and the other at the time of harvest. These festivals call for  time of merry making where arrangements range from food, music, traditional liquor, dances, community festivals and much more. For many years these celebrations were within a closed community but since the recent time visitors are warmly welcomed into these celebrations where they get to experience the rich and varied culture and traditions of the people of North East India.

All the North Eastern States of India have mainly two type of population: Tribal and non-Tribal. Similarly, in the early days, the people followed two different religions: Hinduism and Naturalism. The population of the people practicing Naturalism were converted to Islam and Christianity during the rule of the Mughals and British in India. The celebrations now have two aspects: one where people perform the traditional rites and rituals as per their religion and the other that forms the part of merry making where they eat, sing and dance without ignoring the religious aspect of each of these festivals.

In the State of Arunachal Pradesh, the Monpas and Sherdukpens of Tawang and West Kameng are the followers of Buddhism. The festival of religious importance to these tribal communities is the Losar, the festival of the Tibetian  New Year, that is celebrated on a grand scale in the Second Largest Buddhist Monastery in the World at Tawang. The tribes of Adis, Aptanis, Bangnis, Nishis, Mishimis, Tangsas, etc. worship the Sun (Donyi-Polo) and the Moon (Abo-Tani). Similiarly the Noctes and Wanchos of the Tirap district and adjoining areas of Nagaland practice Vaishnavism. These religious festivals are celebrated on a Grand scale for thanking the Gods for their providence and Bumper crops. The festivities continue throughout the year with each tribal community celebrating at different months. Animal sacrifices, dancing and singing in accordance with their traditional form accompany each of these festivals.

Festival of Assam and North East India, Buddhist Temple and Monastery of Assam, Homestay and Cottages in Assam, Tribes of Assam and North East India, Sustainable Tourism in Assam
The Losar Festival at the Tawang Second Largest Buddhist Monastery of the Monpa Buddhist People of Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh

The State of Meghalaya is predominated by tribal people with a majority of the population practicing Christianity as their religion. The major tribes i.e. the Khasis, the Jaintiyas and the Garos were originally matriarchal but now matrilineal. Their festivals still have many aspects of their traditional life. The Garos have their traditional harvest festival Wangala. The Khasis celebrate Shad Suk Mynsiem and Ka Pamblang Nongkrem. The Jaintiyas have their traditional festival of Ka Chad Chiphiah and Ka Behdeikhlam.

Festivals of North East India, Tribes and Festivals of North East India, Meghalaya Traditional Festivals, Tribes and their culture of North East India
The Wangala Festival of the Garos in Meghalya. Source: nelive.in

In the State of Nagaland, the various Naga Tribes, who now practice Christianity as their religion, still have most of their old festivals observed in accordance to the traditions of each tribe. They are very rich in their traditional dance, music and dress which are still maintained in their festivals. Of course, the religious rites and rituals have been presently changed due to their adoption of Christianity. The Nagas are generally known to have strong national feelings for which they have not given up their traditional behaviors and customs. The festivals like Sekernyi of the Angamis, Moatsu of the Aos, Aoing of the Kanyaks, Tulini of the Semas, Manyu of the Phoms, Amongmong of the Sangtam are principal traditional festivals have close connection with the traditional customs and folk beliefs. Here in Nagaland too, animal sacrifice, drinking and dancing form an integral part of their festivities.

Moatsu-Mon-Festival (1)
The Moatsu Mong Festival of The Ao Tribes of Nagaland. Source: nelive.in

The State of Assam (the Gateway to North East India) also celebrates many festivals in accordance to their traditional practices and beliefs. The most important festival of Assam is the Bihu, which is observed during harvesting once at the beginning of cultivation in the spring season and another during the growth of crops. The festivities at the Bihu are well connected with the festivals reflecting the link with agriculture. The Tribal People perform rites as per their system of nature Gods and Goddesses like the Sun, Moon, Rain, Water, etc. The Non-Tribals perform such religious rites and rituals relating to the Hindu Gods and Goddesses. The social part of each of these festivals is related with merry-making like singing, dancing and eating. The festivals of Assam have an impact from the practices of Vaishnavism,  Saktism and Tantraism.

Bihu celebration in Assam
The Colorful Bihu Dance (Dance of the Golden Silk) is performed during the festival of Bihu in Assam. Image Credits: RITU RAJ KONWAR

For more details on the Indigenous Festivals of North East India and their relevance to traditional Agrarian Practices please visit: Jungleideas

Reference: Souvenior Kamrupa Anusandhana Samiti (2012)

Stilwell Road Second World War, Coal Mining in Margherita, Assam Tourism, World War II cemeteries, World War Hospitals India

World War II, Stilwell Road, Margherita and the American Connection – the 20th General Hospital, Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

The period of 1939 to 1945 was one of the darkest moments in the history of mankind. It was during this period the world witnessed the Second World War – a state of ‘total war’ where the major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. This war brought down the major super powers of the period into ashes. Japan was rocked with the mighty nuclear explosion of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and it was after the Second World War that the world realized the might of the Americans!

On our journey to bring forth to the World the lost history of the State of Assam and it’s connection with the World during the World War II, we reached the banks of the River Dehing at the tinsel town of Margherita in the north eastern region of India. Our curiosity and interest this time was to find the remains of the 20th General Hospital that was built during the World War II  to treat the sick and wounded American soldiers who were on the mission to built one of the most challenging roads across the dense jungles of the Dehing Patkai – the Stilwell (Ledo) Road. The Stilwell Road was built in 1942 under the able guidance of Major General Vinegar Joe Stilwell of the U S Army and its purpose was to restore communication with China after the Imperial Japanese Army had cut supply across the Burma Road. At the time of the War, the engineers of the American army were desperately cutting this new route also called the Ledo Road across the Patkai Mountains for the supply of armed troops, military supplies and food. They had to fight the Japanese resistance as well as bulldoze their way across the dense jungles of the Patkai Mountain Range. Injuries and Casulaities were common and the wounded were brought back to Margherita where they were treated at the 20th General Hospital. The hospital also cared for Chinese soldiers who were serving as screen when the road was pushed forward.

The 20th General Hospital was formed in 1940 when the Dean of the School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania (Penn) was asked by the Surgeon General of the United States to organize an Army hospital unit to care for the Allied wounded in the Burma-India theater. But, the unit did not receive orders to leave for Camp Clairbone, Louisiana, until May 15, 1942. It was in March 1943 that the team of qualified doctors and nurses reached Margherita.

When the staff members of the 20th General first arrived in Margherita, there were only three small buildings with concrete floors, tin roofs and open fronts, as well as a group of bamboo huts with dirt floors and lights showing through thatched roofs. But, when the hospital was finally built fully several months later, it had transformed into a first-rate 2500-bed hospital, with 148 buildings covering one and half square miles. It became the largest hospital in the China-India-Burma theater. It also received a rating of “Superior” – the highest possible in annual general inspections.

Approximately 110 nurses and 600 enlisted men comprised this University of Pennsylvania’s hospital unit. Colonel Elias Cooley, a regular Army officer and a graduate of Philadelphia’s Jefferson Medical College, was in command. Lieutenant Colonel Isidor Ravdin, Professor of Surgery at Penn and an authority on the use of blood plasma and sulfa drugs, was the head of the surgical service. Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Fitz-Hugh Jr., Clinical Professor of Medicine at Penn, headed the Medical Service. Most of the medic personnel were drawn from Penn faculty, and many of its nurses came from the Philadelphia General, Penn, Presbyterian, Episcopal and Bryn Mawr hospitals.

It was difficult for the Americans to acclimatize and perform well in a region with 120 inches of rainfall per year, humid summers and cold winters. However, with little paraphernalia and with none of the personal comforts to which they are accustomed, they were able to establish a complete hospital unit which contributed not only to the health of the Allied soldiers, but also to advancement of medical science. Beginning with a few shacks, they ended with a fully equipped modern hospital, provided with laboratories, x-ray and blood storage facilities and all other necessities of medical and surgical practice. It was filled almost from the beginning beyond its rated capacity of 1000 beds. At one time, it actually sheltered 2560 patients. During the entire period of activity, it received altogether 73,000 patients, with only a few more than 300 deaths form all cases.

Since the staff at the hospital had strong academic backgrounds, the hospital became a center for weekly professional conferences attended by American, British and Indian officers from other medical installations. Some 100 important medical papers and scientific reports were produced by the 20th General Hospital, including those on scrub typhus and ophthalmology.

The 20th General Hospital was cited by many for its outstanding work. These include Lord Louis Mountbatten, General Vinegar Joe Stillwell, the Commanding Generals of the 1st and the 6th Chinese Armies, etc. The hospital won praise and personal gratitude from Lord Louis Mountbatten. Mountbatten had suffered a painful and serious injury when a low-hanging section of dead bamboo struck him in the eye, causing a hemorrhage, as he drove a jeep along a jungle trail in the North Burma front. He was flown into the hospital where Dr. (Major) Harold Scheie performed delicate treatment to save his sight. Mountbatten lay flat on his back with his eyes bandaged for five days. Afterwards, Scheie accompanied the commander to Delhi and looked after ehe injured eye during the convalescent period. Mountbatten and Dr. Scheie (who died on March 5, 1990) became life long friends. It was Mountbatten who, in August 1972, dedicated the Scheie Eye Institute in Philadephia.

General Raymond Kelser of the Army Veterinary Corps reported to the US Surgeon General Norman Kirk that “the 20th General Hospital would be outstanding anywhere in the world and is the equal of university hospitals”.

As fighting receded from the Assam-Burma region, the Army began to withdraw officers and men needed in other fronts. The hospital closed its medical services in December, 1945, and was decommissioned on December 27.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness the memoirs of the World War II, Stilwell Road, Margherita and the American Connection – the 20th General Hospital, Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Reference: ‘The Philadelphia – Margherita Connection’ – Mr. Jugal Kalita 

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Stilwell Road Second World War, Coal Mining in Margherita, Assam Tourism, World War II cemeteries, World War Hospitals India

General Vinegar Joe Stilwell who commanded the army of soldiers who built the Impossible – the Stilwell Road across Dehing Patkai

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Stilwell Road Second World War, Coal Mining in Margherita, Assam Tourism, World War II cemeteries, World War Hospitals India
The Entrance to the Grand 20th General Hospital at Margherita during World War II. Image Source: researchgate.net

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Stilwell Road Second World War, Coal Mining in Margherita, Assam Tourism, World War II cemeteries, World War Hospitals India
The Nurse Quarters of the 20th General Hospital at Margherita during the World War II. Image Source: cbi-theater.com

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Stilwell Road Second World War, Coal Mining in Margherita, Assam Tourism, World War II cemeteries, World War Hospitals India
The Remains of the 20th General Hospital of the World War II at Margherita in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Stilwell Road Second World War, Coal Mining in Margherita, Assam Tourism, World War II cemeteries, World War Hospitals India
The Remains of the 20th General Hospital of the World War II at Margherita in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Stilwell Road Second World War, Coal Mining in Margherita, Assam Tourism, World War II cemeteries, World War Hospitals India
The Remains of the 20th General Hospital of the World War II at Margherita in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Stilwell Road Second World War, Coal Mining in Margherita, Assam Tourism, World War II cemeteries, World War Hospitals India
The Remains of the 20th General Hospital of the World War II at Margherita in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Stilwell Road Second World War, Coal Mining in Margherita, Assam Tourism, World War II cemeteries, World War Hospitals India
The Remains of the 20th General Hospital of the World War II at Margherita in Assam

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
The historic Stilwell Road built during World War II by the American Army under the able guidance of General Vinegar Joe Stilwell

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

Lake of No Return, India's Bermuda Triangle, India Burma Border, Pangsau Pass Festival, Stilwell Road India
The Pansau pass at the border of India and the Republic of the Union of Mynamar

Recommended Itinerary for your Visit: Memoirs of World War II

 

Festivals of North East India, Assam Tourism, Ecotourism in Assam, Margherita Coal Museum, Digboi Oil Museum

The Celebration of Triumph of Good over Evil – the ‘Durga Puja’ and its centenary celebrations at the India Club in the heart of the Coal Queen of Assam, Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

The Assam Railways and Trading Company Ltd., a pioneer in coal mining business in the North Eastern Region of India, initiated their business interests in this remote corner of the Country sometime during 1881 and people from different parts of India assembled at Margherita, the ‘Coal Queen’ of Assam to serve this British Company who started operation in this locality for exploration of coal and other forest products and this gave birth to a heterogeneous society.

The society though consisting of a handful of population considered themselves as members of the same family.

Inspired by the idea of introducing Durga Puja at Margherita, a few enthusiastic employees of the AR&T Company started this Puja sometime in the year 1909 at a Mandap near the AR&T Company LP School which became the grounds of the present day India Club.

Late Aswini Kumar Deb Roy who was one of the most influential personalities of that time took the initiative and continued with the responsibility for years for the celebration of Durga Puja here with Brojolal Banerjee, Upendrananth Das Gupta, Bhupati Chakraborty, Srish Chandra Das, G K Baruah and others.

Availability of priests to perform the Puja was a problem faced by the organizers and this was eradicated by bringing Sarada Mukhopadhayya and Rakhal Bhattacharjee particularly for this purpose. Mukhopadhaya and Bhattacharjee were engaged from the very inception and after they left, Durgadas Bhattacharjee took the responsibility.

To add to the Grandeur of the Puja and to attract people, amusement in the form of Dance and Cinema were arranged. Staging of dramas by the members of the India Club for all the three (3) days was a highlight of this puja and this continued till the early seventies.

In front of the general office of the AR&T Company, another Puja used to be performed which later amalgamated with the Sarbajanin Durga Puja in 1946. To accommodate people of all sentiments of the practice of goat sacrifices was abolished. But prior to that goats upto a limit of even 300 used to be sacrificed each day.

This festival of the Durga Puja that was started back in 1909 by a group of enthusiastic devotees has since then only grown in stature. With the passage of time this Puja has come to symbolize the true spirit of oneness and brotherhood. Although its grandeur has reached sublime heights over the years the spirit and essence of this Puja have retained the flavors of its inception.

Jungleideas welcomes you to India’s North East to witness the Celebration of Triumph of Good over Evil – the ‘Durga Puja’ and its centenary celebrations at the India Club in the heart of the Coal Queen of Assam, Margherita, the State of Assam, Incredible India!

Recommended Itinerary for your visit: Relive the Grandeur of the British Raj

Festivals of North East India, Assam Tourism, Ecotourism in Assam, Margherita Coal Museum, Digboi Oil Museum
The Centenary Durga Puja Celebrations at the Coal Queen of Assam, Margherita
Festivals of North East India, Assam Tourism, Ecotourism in Assam, Margherita Coal Museum, Digboi Oil Museum
The Margherita India Club built in 1925 that hosts the Centenary Durga Puja Celebrations
Festivals of North East India, Assam Tourism, Ecotourism in Assam, Margherita Coal Museum, Digboi Oil Museum
The AR and T Company’s School established in 1938 that served host to the Durga Puja Celebrations